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Documenting Sources Defining & preventing plagiarism Using Direct Quotes Paraphrasing.

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Presentation on theme: "Documenting Sources Defining & preventing plagiarism Using Direct Quotes Paraphrasing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Documenting Sources Defining & preventing plagiarism Using Direct Quotes Paraphrasing

2 Plagiarism: “presenting as your own the ideas, opinions or work of others whether copied from source material, purchased, or otherwise obtained without giving proper credit through documentation.” FHS Academic Policy on Plagiarism and Obtaining an Unfair Advantage, Handbook

3 Confused?

4 If you have… Copied words, art or music from the internet and then…publicly claimed it as your own… Cut and pasted from a web page or to a lab report, homework assignment, poster, or other project Reproduced by hand artwork from a magazine, newspaper, internet or other source which you hand in for credit Signed your name to someone else’s work – including a paper purchased online or from a friend YOU’VE PLAGIARIZED!

5 And possibly broken copyright law Words, Ideas, and pictures

6 Recent Example According to an article in The New York Times on April 12 th, 2007 CBS fired a producer who wrote an article for “Katie Couric’s Notebook” after concluding that it was basically identical to an article in “The Wall Street Journal” from the previous month.

7 To Avoid Plagiarism Do your own work! Take accurate notes, always keeping track of your sources Use direct quotes when needed Paraphrase carefully Include an accurate works cited or bibliography page with every assignment

8 What is a direct quote? “Several influential Hollywood stars and musicians -- from BEN AFFLECK and ELLEN POMPEO to CHRIS DAUGHTRY and GWYNETH PALTROW -- have joined forces with ONE.org and socially conscious fashion label EDUN to help in the fight against global AIDS and extreme poverty in Africa”ONE.orgEDUN (“Stars Come Together As One”). A word for word repetition of what someone else has said or written. Direct quotes should always be enclosed in quotation marks.

9 What is a paraphrase? To paraphrase well… Read the passage carefully. Pick out key words and take notes. Rephrase notes into YOUR words. Compare paraphrase to original being sure to use quotes around exact phrases. AND include a citation. When you put something someone else has written or spoken into your own words.

10 Let’s practice! “Several influential Hollywood stars and musicians -- from BEN AFFLECK and ELLEN POMPEO to CHRIS DAUGHTRY and GWYNETH PALTROW -- have joined forces with ONE.org and socially conscious fashion label EDUN to help in the fight against global AIDS and extreme poverty in Africa.”ONE.orgEDUN What are the key words? Hollywood stars One.org Edun Fight Aids Poverty in Africa

11 One Possible Paraphrase Reducing AIDS around the world and poverty in Africa are challenging goals. However, One.org and EDUN are now getting help from several celebrities who have joined their fight Compare to Original: Several influential Hollywood stars and musicians -- from BEN AFFLECK and ELLEN POMPEO to CHRIS DAUGHTRY and GWYNETH PALTROW -- have joined forces with ONE.org and socially conscious fashion label EDUN to help in the fight against global AIDS and extreme poverty in Africa.”ONE.orgEDUN (“Stars Come Together As One).

12 Is it Plagiarism? You read: “Nineteen percent of full- time freshmen say they spend only 1 to 5 hours per week preparing for classes…” From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002. You write: Nineteen percent of full-time freshmen say they spend only 1 to 5 hours per week preparing for classes. YES! You need to use quotes and to cite your source

13 Is it Plagiarism? You read: "Students are studying about one-third as much as faculty say they ought to, to do well," said George D. Kuh, director of the survey and a professor of higher education at Indiana University at Bloomington. From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002 You write: Most students spend about one-third as much time studying as faculty say they should. Yes! You must credit your source if you paraphrase text.

14 Is it Plagiarism? You read : "Students are studying about one- third as much as faculty say they ought to, to do well," said George D. Kuh, director of the survey and a professor of higher education at Indiana University at Bloomington. From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002 You write : According to George D. Kuh, Indiana University at Bloomington, students study about one-third of the time that is expected by faculty (Young 2002). No. As long as you have included the Young article in your bibliography, you have properly cited your source.

15 Is it Plagiarism? You read : “The tip given most consistently by professors and college officials is that students should simply do their homework. The most commonly prescribed amount is at least two hours of class preparation for every hour spent in the classroom…” From: Young, Jeffrey R. Homework? What Homework? Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (15).12/6/2002 You write : College students should do their homework. No. Commonly known facts or ideas do not have to be cited. (Can you find this information in at least five sources?)

16 Is it Plagiarism? Yes! You need to credit the source of images and other media as well as text. Gray wolf (Canis lupus). © Jeff Lepore/Photo Researchers Wolf. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 31, 2004, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Should we or shouldn’t we protect the gray wolf? By Ima Lamb Eng 110 Apr. 1, 2004 You find : Your title page :

17 Is it Plagiarism? When in doubt, ask a teacher or librarian for help. Otherwise, cite it! You’ll never get in trouble for giving too much credit to others.

18 Works Cited Briggs, Brian. "BBspot." BBspot Oct confused face Meyering, Ken. "bighappyfaces.com." 11 Oct "Stars Come Together As 'One'." ETonline.com CBS Studios Inc.. 11 Oct Valenza, Joyce. Power Tools Recharged. Chicago: American Library Association, “Real Life Consequences”


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