Presentation on theme: "Pronouns Pronoun-antecedent agreement And Understanding subject, object, and possesive pronouns."— Presentation transcript:
Pronouns Pronoun-antecedent agreement And Understanding subject, object, and possesive pronouns
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement The antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to. Maria shared her favorite book, The Friends. The story is set in Harlem. It tells about young girls growing up.
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Use a singular pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent At first, Phyllis doesn’t like her new classmates. Use a plural pronoun to refer to a plural antecedent. Later the girls share their dreams together.
Antecedents, Pronouns 1. This story is by Lois Lowry. It is set in Denmark during World War II. 2. Annemarie Johansen and her best friend Ellen Rosen live happily-until the Nazis come. 3.Then the girls are scared as their lives turn upside down. 4.Ellen is in special danger because her family is Jewish. 5.The Nazis have targeted all Jews as their enemies.
Practice 1.Annemarie’s parents hide Ellen in their home. 2.The Johansens know that they must also try to protect Ellen’s family. 3.Uncle Henrik uses his boat to carry some Jews to safety. 4.When Annemarie is asked to go on this dangerous ride, she agrees. 5.She must find the strength to save her best friend’s life.
Indefinite Pronouns An indefinite pronoun does not refer to a specific person, place or thing. They often do not have antecedents. Indefinite pronouns can be singular, plural, or either singular or plural.
Singular indefinite pronouns Use a singular personal pronoun to refer to a singular indefinite pronoun. Anyone in trouble depends on his or her friends. On the Endurance, everybody had to keep up his spirits while waiting for rescue.
plural indefinite pronouns Use a plural personal pronoun to refer to a plural indefinite pronoun. Many shared their food and clothing. None realized they would not return home for 20 months.
Singular or plural indefinite pronouns Some indefinite pronouns can be singular or plural. Often the phrase that follows the indefinite pronoun will tell you whether the pronoun is singular or plural. Most of the mast had lost its sail. (singluar) Most of the masts had lost their sails. (plural)
practice 1.In 1915, all of the men became trapped with (his, their) ship in the Antarctic ice. 2.No one could send (his, their) family a message. 3.Few of them were able to avoid sleeping on the ice in (his, their) wet clothes. 4.When spring came, all the men had to board three lifeboats. (He, They) sailed toward a splinter of land. 5.Each was relieved when (he, they) reached the land safely. 6.Shackleton chose a few of the men and asked (him, them) to row 800 icy miles to get help. 7.Each was chosen for (his, their) special courage. 8.One used (his, their) carpentry skills to make new boat parts from packing crates! 9.Some of the waves were 50 feet high. The men had to face (it, them) in only a lifeboat! 10.Incredibly, nobody in Shackleton’s crew lost (his, their) life during the voyage.
Use nominative, objective, and possessive pronouns correctly. subject verb direct object 1. Fluffy loves Horsie and (I, me, myself). subject verb indirect object direct obj. 2. Fluffy told Cowie and (I, me, myself) a story. subject verb direct obj. (prepositional phrase ending w/obj. of prep.) 3. Fluffy told a story to Horsie and (I, me, myself). subjects verb direct obj. 4. Horsie and (I, me, myself) love Fluffy. Can you select the correct pronouns?
pronouns just eliminate the “Cowie and…” and listen for what sounds right. Listen… Fluffy told I a story. Fluffy told me a story. Fluffy told myself a story. The answer is me.
Practice subject verb direct object 1. Fluffy loves Horsie and (I, me, myself). subject verb indirect object direct obj. 2. Fluffy told Cowie and (I, me, myself) a story. 3. Fluffy told a story to Horsie and (I, me, myself). 4. Horsie and (I, me, myself) love Fluffy.
practice 1.Our social studies teacher asked Danielle and (I, me) to do a report on Harriet Tubman. 2.The librarian helped (her, she) and me with the research. 3.Both (she, her) and I knew that Tubman led slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad. 4.Many facts about Tubman were new to (she, her) and me. 5.More than 300 slaves, including Harriet’s own sister, owed (their, her) freedom to Tubman.
practice 6.(She, Her) and the runaways had to move secretly from one house to another along the Underground Railroad. 7.Tubman, like other conductors, wouldn’t let any of (her, their) runaways turn back. 8.Slave owners placed a $40,000 reward on her head. That fact surprised Danielle and (me, I). 9.John Brown, another of the freedom fighters, praised Tubman in (his, their) letters and speeches. 10.The librarian gave copies of some letter to Danielle and (I, me).