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“By a Prophet” How God Used Ellen White to Guide our Church.

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Presentation on theme: "“By a Prophet” How God Used Ellen White to Guide our Church."— Presentation transcript:

1 “By a Prophet” How God Used Ellen White to Guide our Church

2 Bleak Prospects Few believers Few believers Little money Little money No doctrinal unity No doctrinal unity Hiram Edson and friends studying sanctuary Hiram Edson and friends studying sanctuary Joseph Bates promoting Sabbath Joseph Bates promoting Sabbath Whites accepted it on Bible evidence Whites accepted it on Bible evidence EGW vision confirmed, seven months later EGW vision confirmed, seven months later

3 1840s: God’s First Priority– Doctrine Hiram Edson and friends—Sanctuary Hiram Edson and friends—Sanctuary Whites and Joseph Bates—Sabbath Whites and Joseph Bates—Sabbath Needed unity, further light Needed unity, further light Studied together, sometimes all night Studied together, sometimes all night EGW’s mind “locked” EGW’s mind “locked” When they could go no further, vision When they could go no further, vision Solution evident; they could unite Solution evident; they could unite

4 1840s: God’s First Priority– Doctrine How give messages to others? How give messages to others? Sabbath and Sanctuary Confs, Sabbath and Sanctuary Confs, Leaders went out: James and Ellen White, Joseph Bates, Hiram Edson, others Leaders went out: James and Ellen White, Joseph Bates, Hiram Edson, others Met with little groups: 20, 30, 50 Met with little groups: 20, 30, 50 Presented truths, dealt with questions Presented truths, dealt with questions Studied and prayed Studied and prayed By 1850, unity on clear set of doctrines By 1850, unity on clear set of doctrines

5 1840s: God’s First Priority— Doctrine How spread message further? How spread message further? 1848 vision: start paper 1848 vision: start paper 1849, JW started Present Truth 1849, JW started Present Truth Reached new people, strengthened believers Reached new people, strengthened believers

6 1850s: God’s Second Priority— Organization Dec. 13, 1850, EGW: “We know that we have the truth” Dec. 13, 1850, EGW: “We know that we have the truth” Eleven days later, Dec. 24, first vision on “gospel order”—organization Eleven days later, Dec. 24, first vision on “gospel order”—organization

7 1850s: God’s Second Priority— Organization Why need organization? Why need organization? Own property Own property Define doctrine officially Define doctrine officially Have criteria for membership, apply them Have criteria for membership, apply them Discipline church members when needed Discipline church members when needed Provide financial support for workers Provide financial support for workers Establish institutions Establish institutions Enter new fields Enter new fields

8 1850s: God’s Second Priority— Organization Believers resisted organization: “Babylon” Believers resisted organization: “Babylon” Visions urged “gospel order,” organizing Visions urged “gospel order,” organizing 1850: Heaven is orderly 1850: Heaven is orderly 1851: Disfellowship unruly members 1851: Disfellowship unruly members 1854: Gospel order “feared, neglected” (Early Writings, pp ) 1854: Gospel order “feared, neglected” (Early Writings, pp )

9 1850s: God’s Second Priority— Organization May 13, 1860, first steps in organization: first legal org. of a local church May 13, 1860, first steps in organization: first legal org. of a local church Oct. 1, 1860: adopted name SDA; also organized first legal body: SDA Pub. Assn. Oct. 1, 1860: adopted name SDA; also organized first legal body: SDA Pub. Assn. Oct. 5, 6, 1861: first conference: Michigan Oct. 5, 6, 1861: first conference: Michigan May 21, 1863: General Conf. organized May 21, 1863: General Conf. organized

10 1860s: God’s Third Priority—Health June 6, 1863: First major vision on health June 6, 1863: First major vision on health Some earlier instruction: Some earlier instruction: 1848: Tobacco, tea, coffee 1848: Tobacco, tea, coffee 1851: Tobacco again 1851: Tobacco again 1854: Cleanliness; eat simple food 1854: Cleanliness; eat simple food

11 1860s: God’s Third Priority—Health 1863 vision repeated earlier instruction, added more; health a religious duty (1 Cor. 6:20) 1863 vision repeated earlier instruction, added more; health a religious duty (1 Cor. 6:20) Disease from violating laws of health Disease from violating laws of health Temperance: items to avoid Temperance: items to avoid Diet: no pig; vegetarianism; not overeat Diet: no pig; vegetarianism; not overeat Cleanliness: body, clothing, living quarters Cleanliness: body, clothing, living quarters Avoid dangerous drugs; use simple treatments Avoid dangerous drugs; use simple treatments

12 1860s: God’s Third Priority—Health Basis for reform: relationship to God Basis for reform: relationship to God Dec. 25, 1865: vision that we should have health-care institution of our own Dec. 25, 1865: vision that we should have health-care institution of our own Nine months, built Western Health Reform Institute; became Battle Creek Sanitarium Nine months, built Western Health Reform Institute; became Battle Creek Sanitarium 1860s, EGW warned against alcohol 1860s, EGW warned against alcohol Visions have blessed us Visions have blessed us

13 1870s and on: Education emphasis Many visions touching on education, not one comprehensive vision Many visions touching on education, not one comprehensive vision See 3T (1872); 3T 468 (1875), FCE (1894) See 3T (1872); 3T 468 (1875), FCE (1894) Establish school to train workers Establish school to train workers Not impractical education, classics Not impractical education, classics Center on Bible and train for practical living Center on Bible and train for practical living Whole man: head, hand, heart Whole man: head, hand, heart

14 1870s and on: Education emphasis In response, Battle Creek College, 1874 In response, Battle Creek College, 1874 Bought 14 acres, not 40, and in town Bought 14 acres, not 40, and in town Sold 6 acres for houses! Sold 6 acres for houses! Taught classics; no required Bible classes Taught classics; no required Bible classes EGW went to Australia, 1891 EGW went to Australia, 1891 Called for large tract of land, away from city Called for large tract of land, away from city Had vision of land ill spoken of; saw furrow Had vision of land ill spoken of; saw furrow Found it, 1894: Avondale College today Found it, 1894: Avondale College today

15 1870s and on: Education emphasis Reform of Battle Creek College Reform of Battle Creek College Too cramped; unsuitable program Too cramped; unsuitable program E. A. Sutherland, president, saw site in Berrien Springs, Mich., 1899 E. A. Sutherland, president, saw site in Berrien Springs, Mich., , college moved there 1901, college moved there Followed EGW’s plan: agriculture and other work, and Bible the center of the education Followed EGW’s plan: agriculture and other work, and Bible the center of the education

16 1870s and on: Education emphasis We had a few elementary schools and one small high school early We had a few elementary schools and one small high school early In response to visions, Battle Creek College was established (1874), then other elementary and high schools In response to visions, Battle Creek College was established (1874), then other elementary and high schools Our young people belong in our schools Our young people belong in our schools

17 1870s and on: Mission Outreach “Go into all the world” Mark 16:15 “Go into all the world” Mark 16:15 Early believers thought fulfilled in America Early believers thought fulfilled in America Also sent literature to far-away places Also sent literature to far-away places Appeals started coming to GC for workers Appeals started coming to GC for workers Europe first field we thought we could help Europe first field we thought we could help Mrs. White encouraged it Mrs. White encouraged it 1874, sent J. N. Andrews as first official missionary 1874, sent J. N. Andrews as first official missionary

18 1870s and on: Mission Outreach Other missionaries followed, with EGW’s encouragement and urging Other missionaries followed, with EGW’s encouragement and urging 1875, vision of work in many places 1875, vision of work in many places Remembered that Australia was one of them Remembered that Australia was one of them Went to Europe herself, Went to Europe herself, Recognized places in Europe she had seen in the vision Recognized places in Europe she had seen in the vision Missionaries went to Africa and other places Missionaries went to Africa and other places EGW went as missionary to Australia EGW went as missionary to Australia

19 1880s, 1890s: Revival of Christ-centered Message Pioneers knew saved by faith, not works Pioneers knew saved by faith, not works But “present truth” included law, Sabbath But “present truth” included law, Sabbath Gradually became focus of preaching Gradually became focus of preaching Law not savior; Jesus is! Law not savior; Jesus is! We keep law because He has saved us; He enables us to keep it We keep law because He has saved us; He enables us to keep it

20 1880s, 1890s: Revival of Christ-centered Message EGW urged reform: trust merits of Jesus EGW urged reform: trust merits of Jesus Early 1880s, she emphasized Jesus as Savior and Redeemer Early 1880s, she emphasized Jesus as Savior and Redeemer E. J. Waggoner, A. T. Jones did, too E. J. Waggoner, A. T. Jones did, too Came to focus at 1888 General Conference Came to focus at 1888 General Conference EGW: “Matchless charms of Jesus” EGW: “Matchless charms of Jesus” 1892, EGW released Steps to Christ 1892, EGW released Steps to Christ

21 1890s, 1900s: Reorganization Early organization simple: churches, conferences, General Conference Early organization simple: churches, conferences, General Conference Work grew, structure didn’t Work grew, structure didn’t Authority concentrated in BC, a few men Authority concentrated in BC, a few men “Kingly power” “Kingly power” Needed better, coordinated structure Needed better, coordinated structure

22 1890s, 1900s: Reorganization EGW called for reorganization, conversion EGW called for reorganization, conversion Leaders set aside regular agenda; results: Leaders set aside regular agenda; results: Established Union Conferences Established Union Conferences Organized departments Organized departments Expanded GC Committee to 25 Expanded GC Committee to 25 EGW thrilled with developments EGW thrilled with developments Later we established Divisions Later we established Divisions EGW pointed way; leaders developed plans EGW pointed way; leaders developed plans

23 Other EGW Contributions Opened way for understanding of Trinity Opened way for understanding of Trinity Saved church from pantheism, 1900s Saved church from pantheism, 1900s Major literary output, 1890s, 1900s Major literary output, 1890s, 1900s PP, GW, SC, MB, DA, in 1890s PP, GW, SC, MB, DA, in 1890s COL, Ed, MH, AA, GC rev., GW rev., CT, PK in 1900s and 19-teens COL, Ed, MH, AA, GC rev., GW rev., CT, PK in 1900s and 19-teens Testimonies for the Church, Testimonies for the Church, “Nothing to fear for the future” LS 196 “Nothing to fear for the future” LS 196

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26 Origin: Millerite Movement After 1844 disappointment, movment in ruins After 1844 disappointment, movment in ruins Ellen Harmon had given it up as error Ellen Harmon had given it up as error Dec. 1844, first vision: high path Dec. 1844, first vision: high path Millerite message was light for whole path Millerite message was light for whole path Jesus is still leading; city is ahead Jesus is still leading; city is ahead Stay on path, don’t deny light behind Stay on path, don’t deny light behind Jesus will take you all the way to the city Jesus will take you all the way to the city


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