Presentation on theme: "W ORSHIP IN I SLAM Serkan Ozturk Dialog Student Association."— Presentation transcript:
W ORSHIP IN I SLAM Serkan Ozturk Dialog Student Association
F IVE P ILLARS ( OBLIGATION ) OF I SLAM 1. Declaration (testimony) of faith 2. Performing prayer (Salah) 3. Fasting during the month of Ramadan 4. Paying financial obligation (Zakat) 5. The pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj)
2- P ERFORMING P RAYERS There are five daily prayer times: Morning, noon, afternoon, evening, night Prayer times are timed by the sun The amount of rakat (rounds) for each of the 5 prayers: Morning – 2 Noon - 4 Afternoon - 4 Evening - 3 Night – 4 Friday prayer is made at noon time and together in the mosque
P REPARE FOR P RAYER Cleaning Personally (your body, clothes.. ) - Wudu The praying area
P ERSONAL C LEANING - W UDU Wudu is considered a ritual act of worship which is done with the intention of seeking the pleasure of Allah The Qur'an says: “ O you who believe! When you stand up for ritual prayer, wash your face and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe a part of your head and your feet up to ankles.” (5:6)
Wipe your head- 1 time Wash your ear- 1 time (Sunnet)
Wash your right foot – 3 times Wash your left foot – 3 times
P REPARING TO PRAYER Cleaning is also necessary Clothes (No urine, blood or any other dirty) The praying area or use praying rug Covered your necessary parts of body For man: between the navel and the knees For women: her entire body except face and palms
P REPARING TO PRAYER Praying rug- face to Kabah Pray at proper time
R AISE YOUR HANDS UP AND SAY "A LLAH – A KBAR ” (G OD IS THE GREATEST ) MenWomen
3-F ASTING THE MONTH OF R AMADAN the fast is an act of deep personal worship in which Muslims seek a richer perception of God Fasting is also an exercise in self-control whereby one's sensitivity is heightened to the sufferings of the poor.
3-F ASTING IN THE Q URAN O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may acquire piety (Taqwa). (2:183) Fast for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g., an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a poor person (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast is better for you if only you know. (2:184)
R AMADAN Begins with sighting of the new moon Abstention from eating, drinking and other sensual pleasures is obligatory from dawn to sunset Muslims start their fast at dawn with a breakfast, sahur break their fast at sunset with a special meal, iftar End of ramadan is observed by 3 days celebration
F IVE P ILLARS ( OBLIGATION ) OF I SLAM 1. Inseparable testimony 2. Performing prayer (Salah) 3. Fasting during the month of Ramadan 4. Paying financial obligation (Zakat) 5. The pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj)
4-P AYING FINANCIAL OBLIGATION (Z AKAT ) Social responsibility is considered part of one's service to God; the obligatory act of zakat enshrines this duty. Zakat prescribes payment of fixed proportions of a Muslim's possessions for the welfare of the entire community and in particular for its neediest members. It is equal to 2.5 percent of an individual's total net worth, excluding obligations and family expenses.
5- T HE PILGRIMAGE TO M AKKAH (H AJJ ) Is a significant manifestation of Islamic faith and unity in the world Hajj is a once in a lifetime duty for those Muslims who are physically and financially able to make the journey to Makkah The Hajj is a remarkable spiritual gathering of over two million Muslims from all over the world to the Kaba In performing the Hajj, a pilgrim follows the order of ritual that the Prophet Muhammad performed during his last pilgrimage.