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Bell Ringer3-13-15  What are the 3 Compositional Guides?

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer3-13-15  What are the 3 Compositional Guides?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer3-13-15  What are the 3 Compositional Guides?

2 Bell Ringer3-16-15  What is an underpainting? Underpainting is the basic layout of a composition – it is the initial planning layer. It lays the foundation for following layers. It is typically monochromatic.

3 Bell Ringer3-17-15  What is the “Quick Start” approach? Quick Start approach is the process of setting in underpaintings to distinguish an appropriate composition for a painting. Quick because it should take no more than 15 minutes total. (2 minutes times 6 layers = 12 minutes with 3 minutes for wiggly room)

4 PAINTING Composition Observational Painting Developing a Composition

5  Composition is the design/layout of an image. It is how the Elements & Principles of Art are arranged.  It should be manipulated in sketches before starting a painting (thumbnails). Composition

6  Strong Composition is important regardless of subject treatment.  When creating a composition -  Think about focal point  Address fore/mid/background  Manipulate the Elements and Principles of Design Composition

7 Compositional Guides  Golden Section (uneven cross)  Rule of Thirds  Monumental Triangle

8 Golden Section  The Golden Section is a Law of Proportionality. It is a Law that occurs frequently in nature and its use is particularly useful in Art. First developed by Vitruvius, it is most famously known from Leonardo Da Vinci's 1509 drawing 'The Divine Proportion‘. (Bottom Left)  Essentially the law states that two unequal parts of a whole must be in relationship to each other to create a satisfactory image to the eye.

9 Golden Section (Golden Mean)  Off-Center Composition Grabs viewers attention and holds it Focal point is never in the center of the page.


11 Rule of Thirds  Creates a place of emphasis or focus within the composition.  Divide the art into three parts vertically and then horizontally; where the dividing lines meet (there are four points) are the pleasing places to put the focal points.

12 Chris Peters

13 Monumental Triangle  Composition is arranged within a triangle shape  Creates stability (on it’s base) or energy (on a point) within the composition.  Often used with figure drawing Robert Leedy

14 Dave Myers Georgia O’Keeffe

15 Compositional Movement  Linear  Eye moves across the picture plane in a line  Circular  Eye moves around the picture plane in a circle

16 Eye Movement: Linear Vincent Van Gogh

17 Eye Movement: Circular Claude Monet

18 Let’s discuss Composition…  Page Format  Picture plane  Does not have to be the traditional rectangle

19 Let’s discuss Composition…  Vantage Points  The point of view from which the artwork is created  Selecting a viewpoint changes the mood and composition of an artwork Level eye view

20 Selecting a viewpoint: Bird’s eye view Worm’s eye view

21 “Quick Start” Approach to your Texture Painting 1. Paint 2 minutes – Spray & Wipe off. 2. Begin again - new color & new section of the still life. 3. Repeat x 6. Underpainting & Quick Start

22 Underpainting Choose ONE primary color – paint your still life in this color for 2 minutes only! Work to set in the contours then add details & value. After 2 minutes, spray your canvas with water – and wipe with a rag. Then begin again with another primary color, and a different section of the still life – another 2 minutes – then spray & wipe off.

23 Underpainting Then begin again (3 layer) with the final primary color, and another different section of the still life – another 2 minutes – then spray & wipe off. You should have layers that are being left behind – the paint won’t completely wipe off – this is GOOD! (Don’t freak out!)

24 Underpainting Complete the “Quick Start” approach for a total of 6 times – twice with each primary color (red, yellow, blue). After the final layer (6 th time), repaint your best compositional layer in one color.

25 Underpainting Then take your painting and begin to divide it into different geometric sections – straight lines – no curving or zig-zag! Min. of 7 sections. 2 5 1 3 4 6 7 8

26 Underpainting Then begin deciding what type of textures are you going to have present in your painting/still life. Tactile vs. Visual 2 5 1 3 4 6 7 8

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