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CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION : HOW CAN WE ENSURE CLIMATE CHANGE INVESTMENTS ARE TARGETED AT THE POOR? PACC2011 Moscow, Russia November 7 - 9, 2011 Presented.

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Presentation on theme: "CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION : HOW CAN WE ENSURE CLIMATE CHANGE INVESTMENTS ARE TARGETED AT THE POOR? PACC2011 Moscow, Russia November 7 - 9, 2011 Presented."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION : HOW CAN WE ENSURE CLIMATE CHANGE INVESTMENTS ARE TARGETED AT THE POOR? PACC2011 Moscow, Russia November 7 - 9, 2011 Presented by: Yulia Yevtushok – Oxfam in Russia Umida Tulieva – Oxfam in Tajikistan

2 OXFAM Confederation of 15 organisations working in 99 countries to overcome poverty and injustice Long-term development programmes Emergency humanitarian assistance Advocacy and campaigning “GROW” – Oxfam’s biggest ever campaign – food justice in a resource-constrained world

3 CLIMATE CHANGE AND POVERTY Climate change is not just about polar bears, but about people Exacerbates vulnerabilities amongst the poorest Increased frequency of extreme weather Diseases spreading to new areas Increased water stress Climate forced migration The most savage impact in the 21st Century is likely to be hunger

4 CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUNGER Rising temperatures and changing rainfall means declining yields of key crops rising food prices An increase in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events can wipe out harvests The increasing unpredictability of seasons makes it hard for farmers to know when to plant or sow their crops

5 CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN TAJIKISTAN Extreme weather (drought, flashfloods) Natural disasters wiping out crops, destroying infrastructure, livelihoods and houses High food prices increasing the level of poverty Lack of Information on climate change at community level

6 CLIMATE CHANGE AND WOMEN SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN TAJIKISTAN Most of the debate on climate so far has been gender-blind Many women in rural Tajikistan carry three burdens – working for income, caring for family and growing food for household consumption Most farm labourers are women, due migration of able-bodied men Agricultural extension and training projects often target men and are not designed around women’s needs and availability Smallholders farming needs skills in more cost effective sustainable approaches Climatic patterns are becoming more unpredictable and that this is making planting decisions a riskier

7 FINANCE FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE The Cancun Agreements: –Re-iterated the developed country commitment to “Fast Start Finance” of $30 billion , but did not decide any common reporting format –Re-iterated the developed country commitment to “jointly mobilise $100bn / year by 2020” “from a wide-range of sources – public, private & alternative” –Established the Green Climate Fund & launched the Transitional Committee to carry out design process in 2011

8 WHAT DIFFERENCE CAN THE GREEN CLIMATE FUND MAKE? The Green Climate Fund can mark a new path: The new fund should be a one-stop-shop, which channels a large proportion of climate finance flows Current climate funds are donor-dominated. The Green Climate Fund will ensure national ownership by recipient countries and “direct access” to funds Current climate funds largely ignore the particular concerns of women. The Green Climate Fund will put women at its heart

9 WHAT DIFFERENCE CAN THE GREEN CLIMATE FUND MAKE FOR TAJIKISTAN? Additional investments could limit negative impacts on the poorest: Improved weather forecasting system Adaptation mechanisms in Tajikistan could reduce the level of poverty and improve the social economy in rural areas of Tajikistan Effective techniques and technologies could be transferred to Tajikistan in the energy, agricultural and water sectors A gender balanced approach would help to have equitable distribution of adaptation funds, especially in agricultural sector for women smallholder farmers in Tajikistan

10 HOW SHOULD THE GREEN CLIMATE FUND BE IMPLEMENTED IN TAJIKISTAN? The Green Climate Fund needs a more publicly accountable mechanism for decision making – and a focus on those who will be most affected by climate change

11 RECOMMENDATIONS In Durban, governments must adopt the recommendations of the Transitional Committee – ensuring in particular that provisions around gender, national ownership and direct access are supported Governments must ensure that substantial new resources are available for the initial capitalisation of the fund so that it can begin disbursement from Russia should contribute Contributors should guarantee that at least 50% of the resources provided to the fund are for adaptation

12 FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT: OR VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT: Thank you Tashakkur


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