Presentation on theme: "CLEANLINESS OF THE WARD AND ITS ANNEXES"— Presentation transcript:
1 CLEANLINESS OF THE WARD AND ITS ANNEXES HAMENU VAVA CYRIL
2 Environmental Management / Controls (Housekeeping and Waste Disposal) Environmental controls are practices that are performed to render the health care facility environment safe from infections or reduce the infections to the barest minimum.General cleanliness and hygiene of a facility (housekeeping) are vital to the health and safety of staff, clients, visitors and the community at large.
3 General cleanliness and hygiene are vital for safety
4 General cleanliness and hygiene are vital for safety
5 General Cleaning Guidelines Ward/Unit supervisors shall draw up cleaning schedules for the different areas of the ward and post them where all housekeeping staff can see them.To reduce the spread of dust and microorganisms, use a damp or wet mop or cloth for walls, floors and surfaces instead of dry-dusting or sweeping.
6 General Cleaning Guidelines Scrubbing is the most effective way to remove dirt and microorganismsWash surfaces from top to bottom so that debris falls to the floor and is cleaned up last. Clean the highest fixtures first and work downwards e.g. from shelves to tables, lockers and then the floor.Change cleaning solutions whenever they appear to be dirty as a solution is less likely to kill infectious microorganisms if it is heavily soiled
7 General Cleaning Guidelines Clean and disinfect surfaces that are likely to be contaminated with pathogens that are touched frequently such as bed rails, bed tables, door knobs frequently compared to other surfaces such as walls that are not touched.Clean from less contaminated area to heavily contaminated area.
8 General Cleaning Guidelines Use separate equipment (brushes and cloths) for high risk areas which are more likely to be contaminated e.g. toiletsHousekeeping staff shall have regular in-service training.
10 Cleaning Procedures for Different Clinic Areas Non-patient Care Areas: Low Risk Areas (waiting rooms, administrative areas) where clinical services are not provided. These areas are not usually heavily contaminated with infectious microorganism and so the risk of infection is very minimal.Routine cleaning (daily, or when the area is dirty) is good enough.Toilets and sluice Rooms
11 Cleaning Schedule: Toilets and sluice Rooms TaskClean wallsClean ceilingsClean counter and other surfacesSchedule Wipe with a disinfectant cleaning solution each day (or more often if necessary) Wipe with a disinfectant solution each week Wipe with disinfectant solution each day
12 Cleaning Schedule: Toilets and sluice Rooms Clean floorsClean sinks and toiletsEmpty waste containersClean waste containersUse mop and disinfectant cleaning solution each day or more oftenScrub with a disinfectant cleaning solution and rinse with clean water each day or more often.Each day or more oftenscrub to remove soil or organic material with disinfectant cleaning solution each day or more often
13 Cleaning SchedulesClient Care Areas (operating theatres, procedure rooms, laboratories, areas where instruments are processed, wards, toilets, sluice rooms etc.). In these area, there is greater potential for contamination with infectious materials hence needs special care using a disinfectant cleaning solutions.
14 Cleaning Schedule for Client-Care Areas Clean operating/procedure tables, examination couches, chairs, trolley tops, Mayo stands, lamps, counters with disinfectant solutions to remove dust that has accumulated overnight. couches, trolley tops or Mayo stands, counters, lamps and any other potentially contaminated surfaces in operating theatres and procedure room with a cloth dampened with a disinfectant cleaning solution. Alternatively, spray the solution onto the surfaces and wipe off with a damp cloth.A the beginning of each day Between Clients
15 Cleaning Schedule for Client-Care Areas Between ClientsAt the end of each clinic session or dayClean spills of blood or other body fluids with 0.5% chlorine solution immediatelyClean visibly soiled areas of the floor; walls, or ceiling.Put waste in a leak-proof container and empty the container when it is ¾ full.Wipe down all surfaces including counter, tables, sinks, lights, door handles and wall with a cloth dampened with a disinfectant cleaning solution or spray the solution. Always wipe from top to bottom paying particular attention to the base, sides and legs. Rinse sinks with clean water.
16 Cleaning Schedule for Client-Care Areas At the end of each clinic session or dayEach weekMop the floors with a mop soaked in disinfectant cleaning solutionCheck sharp-disposal containers: remove and replace when ¾ full Remove medical or hazardous chemical waste and burn or bury as soon as possible to limit contact.Wash containers with a disinfectant cleaning solution and rinse with waterClean ceilings with a mop dampened with a disinfectant cleaning solution.
17 Cleaning of SpillsIf spill is small, wipe it with a cloth that has been saturated with a disinfectant (0.5% chlorine) solution immediately.If the spill is large, cover or flood the area with a disinfectant (0.5%) solution, mop up the solution, and then clean the area with a disinfectant cleaning solution immediately.
18 Supplies and equipment used for cleaning (mops, buckets, and cloths) should be decontaminated with a disinfectant 0.5% chlorine solution cleaned in detergent and water, rinsed in clean water and dried before reuse
19 Types of Cleaning Solutions Three kinds of cleaning solutions are used during housekeeping at a health facility:Detergent or Plain Soap and WaterThis is used for low-risk areas and general tasks. Detergents remove dirt and organic material and dissolve or suspend grease, oil and other matter for easy removal by scrubbing
20 Types of Cleaning Solutions Disinfectant (0.5% Chlorine SolutionThe disinfectant rapidly kill or inactivate infectious microorganisms during the cleaning process. Disinfectants are used to clean up spills or blood or other body fluids.
21 Types of Cleaning Solutions Disinfectant Cleaning SolutionsThis solution contains detergent, disinfectant and water is used for cleaning areas that may be contaminated with infectious materials e.g. OT rooms, sluice room, toilets etc. The disinfectants kill/inactivates the microorganisms while the detergents remove dirt and organic material.To constitute a disinfectant cleaning solution, prepare 0.5% chlorine solution and add liquid/powdered detergent until foamy
22 Types of Cleaning Solutions Other equally good disinfectants that can be used includePhenolLysolQuaternary ammonium compounds
23 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution Chlorine is commonly used for disinfection because itIs a powerful killer of microorganismsDeordourisesIs not poisonous to humans in the accepted concentrations usedLeaves no poisonous residuesColourless, easy to handle and economical to use.
24 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution Chlorine may be supplied in the following forms:Liquid (sodium hypochloride)Powder (calcium hypochloride or chlorinated lime)Chlorine Releasing Tablets (Sodium dichlorocyanurate)
25 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution The amount of active chlorine in a chlorine containing compound is usually described in percentage (or in degrees chlorum in some francophone countries). Chlorine in the various preparations comes in different concentrations. When the solution is prepared, the active chlorine available should be 0.5%.
26 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution Using the liquid household bleachParts of water = % of active chlorine in liquid bleach -10.5%OrParts of water = 2X – 1Where X is the figure/numeral in the expressed percentage indicating the active chlorine in the stock solution
27 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution 2. Using Bleach Powder; calculate the ratio of bleach to water as followsGrams of powder = % (desired strength active chlorine in bleach powder X 1000
28 Preparation of 0.5% Chlorine Solution Using Chlorine-Releasing TabletsSince the percentage of active chlorine in these products varies, the manufacturer’s instructions should be followed