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ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Four: Chapter 23 analogy placebo annihilation proficient criterion staunch emanate subversive holisticvindicate

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 analogy Analogy means A. a picture. B. a comparison. C. a standard. To help students understand vision, teachers often draw an analogy between the eye and a camera. The commencement address, titled “You Are the Captain of Your Ship,” used the analogy of life as an ocean-going vessel that the captain must steer between rocks. – noun

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Analogy means A. a picture. B. a comparison. C. a standard. To help students understand vision, teachers often draw an analogy between the eye and a camera. The commencement address, titled “You Are the Captain of Your Ship,” used the analogy of life as an ocean-going vessel that the captain must steer between rocks. Teachers would draw a comparison between the eye and a camera to explain vision. In the second item, the title and description of the address suggest that the word analogy means “a comparison.” 1 analogy – noun

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 annihilate – verb Annihilate means A. to escape from. B. to seize. C. to wipe out. The movie was about a plot to annihilate entire cities by poisoning their water supply. “Universal Destroyer” is a warlike video game in which the aim is to annihilate the opponents.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Annihilate means A. to escape from. B. to seize. C. to wipe out. The movie was about a plot to annihilate entire cities by poisoning their water supply. “Universal Destroyer” is a warlike video game in which the aim is to annihilate the opponents. Poisoning a city’s water supply would wipe out the city. The name “Universal Destroyer” suggests that the aim of the game is to wipe out the opponents. 2 annihilate – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 criterion – noun Criterion means A. a standard. B. a beginning. C. an answer. One criterion by which writing teachers judge a paper is clear organization. Some advertisers aren’t concerned about telling the truth. Their only criterion for a good commercial is selling the product.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Criterion means A. a standard. B. a beginning. C. an answer. One criterion by which writing teachers judge a paper is clear organization. Some advertisers aren’t concerned about telling the truth. Their only criterion for a good commercial is selling the product. Writing teachers use standards (such as clear organization) to judge a paper. Telling the truth is one standard advertisers could use to judge a commercial (but some advertisers choose to ignore that standard). 3 criterion – noun

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT As the cinnamon bread baked, a wonderful smell emanated from the kitchen. The screeching and scraping emanating from Keisha’s bedroom tell me that she is practicing her violin. 4 emanate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Emanate means A. to disappear. B. to come out. C. to expand. – verb Light emanating from the setting sun

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT As the cinnamon bread baked, a wonderful smell emanated from the kitchen. The screeching and scraping emanating from Keisha’s bedroom tell me that she is practicing her violin. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Emanate means A. to disappear. B. to come out. C. to expand. Baking cinnamon bread would cause a wonderful smell to come out of the kitchen. If Keisha is practicing her violin, the screeching and scraping would come out of her room. Light emanating from the setting sun 4 emanate – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Holistic means A. easygoing. B. concerned with the whole. C. nonfinancial. 5 holistic – adjective A good drug center takes a holistic approach to treatment, seeing each client not just as “an addict” but as a whole person. Along with medical aid, it provides emotional support, individual and family counseling, and follow-up services. Eastern cultures tend to take a more holistic view of learning than Western societies, focusing on the whole rather than analyzing parts.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Holistic means A. easygoing. B. concerned with the whole. C. nonfinancial. A good drug center takes a holistic approach to treatment, seeing each client not just as “an addict” but as a whole person. Along with medical aid, it provides emotional support, individual and family counseling, and follow-up services. Eastern cultures tend to take a more holistic view of learning than Western societies, focusing on the whole rather than analyzing parts. In both items, the word whole suggests that holistic means “concerned with the whole.” 5 holistic – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Placebo means A. a fake medicine. B. a over-the-counter pill. C. an expensive cure. When the little boy had a headache and there was no aspirin in the house, his mother gave him a placebo: a small candy that she told him was a “pain pill.” It seemed to work—his headache went away. The doctor lost his license when it was found that the pills for depression he had been giving to many of his patients were actually a placebo—just sugar pills. 6 placebo – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Placebo means A. a fake medicine. B. a over-the-counter pill. C. an expensive cure. When the little boy had a headache and there was no aspirin in the house, his mother gave him a placebo: a small candy that she told him was a “pain pill.” It seemed to work—his headache went away. The doctor lost his license when it was found that the pills for depression he had been giving to many of his patients were actually a placebo—just sugar pills. If the mother gave the little boy a small candy and said it was a “pain pill,” she gave him a fake medicine. If the doctor gave his patients sugar pills instead of pills for depression, he was giving them fake medicine. 6 placebo – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proficient means A. expert. B. hard-working. C. enthusiastic. It’s not all that hard to become proficient on a computer. Be patient, and you’ll develop the necessary skill. Wayne is a proficient woodworker. He is able to make professional-quality desks, bookshelves, and cabinets. 7 proficient – adjective A proficient pair of high wire performers

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proficient means A. expert. B. hard-working. C. enthusiastic. It’s not all that hard to become proficient on a computer. Be patient, and you’ll develop the necessary skill. Wayne is a proficient woodworker. He is able to make professional-quality desks, bookshelves, and cabinets. The word skill suggests that proficient means “expert.” If Wayne makes professional-quality furniture, he is an expert woodworker. 7 proficient – adjective A proficient pair of high wire performers

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Staunch means A. busy. B. unsteady. C. faithful. Although the mayor had been accused of taking bribes, he still had some staunch supporters. The newspaper’s astrological predictions are often way off the mark, yet Teresa remains a staunch believer in astrology and checks her horoscope every day. 8 staunch – adjective

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Staunch means A. busy. B. unsteady. C. faithful. Although the mayor had been accused of taking bribes, he still had some staunch supporters. The newspaper’s astrological predictions are often way off the mark, yet Teresa remains a staunch believer in astrology and checks her horoscope every day. In spite of the accusations, the mayor had some faithful supporters. If Teresa checks her horoscope every day (in spite of the inaccuracy of the predictions), she must be a faithful believer in astrology. 8 staunch – adjective

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Subversive means A. having faith. B. intended to destroy. C. blameless. To some Americans, criticizing the President is a subversive act, aimed at undermining his power. To others, it is simply an example of freedom of speech. The so-called “consulting company” was a cover for subversive activities; it was actually a ring of antigovernment agents. 9 subversive – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Subversive means A. having faith. B. intended to destroy. C. blameless. To some Americans, criticizing the President is a subversive act, aimed at undermining his power. To others, it is simply an example of freedom of speech. The so-called “consulting company” was a cover for subversive activities; it was actually a ring of antigovernment agents. An act aimed at undermining the President’s power would be an act that is intended to destroy him. A ring of antigovernment agents would carry out activities intended to destroy the government. 9 subversive – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Vindicate means A. to prove innocent. B. to make a commitment. C. to weaken. 10 vindicate When Kai was accused of cheating on a geometry test, he vindicated himself by reciting several theorems from memory, proving that he knew the material. In our society, people falsely accused of crimes often must spend a great deal of money on legal fees in order to vindicate themselves. – verb

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Vindicate means A. to prove innocent. B. to make a commitment. C. to weaken. When Kai was accused of cheating on a geometry test, he vindicated himself by reciting several theorems from memory, proving that he knew the material. In our society, people falsely accused of crimes often must spend a great deal of money on legal fees in order to vindicate themselves. If Kai proved he knew the material, he proved himself innocent of the accusation of cheating on the test. People falsely accused would want to prove themselves innocent. 10 vindicate – verb

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Passenger pigeons no longer exist. They were _______(e)d by hunters. 1.During the Vietnam War, some protesters poured blood over draft records. Supporters of the war considered this a __________ act. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Passenger pigeons no longer exist. They were __________ by hunters. 1.During the Vietnam War, some protesters poured blood over draft records. Supporters of the war considered this a __________ act. subversive annihilated To war supporters, the act seemed intended to undermine the government. If passenger pigeons no longer exist, they must have been destroyed completely. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

25 4.One __________ used to judge the children’s artwork was their use of vivid colors. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Although I’m quite a good cook, I’m not very __________ at baking. My pies tend to be runny, and my bread won’t rise. 3.I’m a __________ fan of Alicia Keys. I have all her recordings. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

26 4.One __________ used to judge the children’s artwork was their use of vivid colors. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Although I’m quite a good cook, I’m not very __________ at baking. My pies tend to be runny, and my bread won’t rise. 3.I’m a __________ fan of Alicia Keys. I have all her recordings. Someone who has all of Keys’s recordings must be a loyal fan. People use standards when judging artwork. If the pies are runny and the bread won’t rise, the person is not a very skilled baker. staunch criterion proficient Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.As the garbage-collectors’ strike went into its third week, a dreadful odor began to __________ from all the garbage bags piled up in the city streets. 7.Explaining the importance of using a search engine to find information on the Internet, the instructor used a(n) _______. “The Internet is a huge ocean. The search engine is a guide showing you the best places to fish.” Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

28 6.As the garbage-collectors’ strike went into its third week, a dreadful odor began to __________ from all the garbage bags piled up in the city streets. SENTENCE CHECK 1 A dreadful odor would come out of the piled-up bags of garbage. emanate 7.Explaining the importance of using a search engine to find information on the Internet, the instructor used an ________. “The Internet is a huge ocean. The search engine is a guide showing you the best places to fish.” The instructor’s statement is an example of a comparison used to clarify a point. analogy Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

29 9.Accused of shoplifting, the customer insisted that she had already paid for the items. She was _______(e)d when she pulled the receipt out of her purse. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.A __________ view of business would take into account not just profits but also such things as the work environment and employees’ job satisfaction. 10.To test a new painkiller, researchers gave it to one group of volunteers, while a second group got a __________, identical in appearance to the new medicine but with no built-in power to relieve pain. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate

30 9.Accused of shoplifting, the customer insisted that she had already paid for the items. She was __________ when she pulled the receipt out of her purse. 10.To test a new painkiller, researchers gave it to one group of volunteers, while a second group got a __________, identical in appearance to the new medicine but with no built-in power to relieve pain. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.A __________ view of business would take into account not just profits but also such things as the work environment and employees’ job satisfaction. vindicated Having the receipt would clear her from the accusation of shoplifting. The sentence describes a business view that emphasizes the whole picture. holistic placebo The second group got a substance that was a fake medicine. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. analogyB. annihilateC. criterionD. emanateE.holistic F. placeboG. proficientH. staunchI. subversiveJ.vindicate


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