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A ‘Chinese Box’ representation of grammatical structure: clauses and groups A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis.

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Presentation on theme: "A ‘Chinese Box’ representation of grammatical structure: clauses and groups A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis."— Presentation transcript:

1 A ‘Chinese Box’ representation of grammatical structure: clauses and groups A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden the garden clause

2 Tree diagram: constituency structure A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden hishands wiped Asmallgnome the garden -edwipehehand-s in

3 ‘Tree diagram’ representation of grammatical structure A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden the garden clause hishands wiped -edwipehehand-s Asmallgnome in group word morphemes

4 The Rank Scale Clauses Groups & Phrases Words Morphemes

5 Names of parts: Rank Units A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden the garden clause hishands wiped -edwipehehand-s Asmallgnome in group word morphemes

6 ‘Tree diagram’ representation of grammatical structure: down to groups A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden the garden clause in nominal group prepositional phrase verbal group nominal group nominal group preposition

7 Rank Units: down to groups A small gnome in the garden wiped his hands. A small gnome in the garden wipedhis hands in the garden the garden clause in nominal group prepositional phrase verbal group nominal group nominal group preposition

8 The Rank Scale clauses groups and phrases –nominal groups –verbal groups –adjectival groups –adverbial groups –prepositional phrases words morphemes are made up of

9 A map of linguistic structure Thomas T. Tatimus has been tying his tubs tentatively to two tall trees Ranked Constituents (minimal bracketting)

10 Functional structure: clauses Process Participants Circumstances verbal group prepositional phrases adverbial groups nominal groups consist of functionFORM

11 A map of linguistic structure Thomas T. Tatimus has been tying his tubs tentatively to two tall trees Ranked Constituents (minimal bracketting) Useful as a way of decomposing a sentence into parts that can be quickly related to functional elements


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