Presentation on theme: "Everybody’s doing it! Do you know why?. Imperialists Activity Imperialism – extending a nation’s power over other lands Economic Interests – New Markets."— Presentation transcript:
Everybody’s doing it! Do you know why?
Imperialists Activity Imperialism – extending a nation’s power over other lands Economic Interests – New Markets & New Resources Military Needs – Need military bases, protect shores and trade, strong navy
Ideology Nationalism Love of one’s country White Power: Cultural Superiority Social Darwinism Christian Missionaries Duty to convert others
Scramble for Territory Late 1800s European powers dominated Asia and Africa Great Britain controlled one-fourth of world’s land and population “The sun never sets on the British Empire” United States North America - Alaska Pacific – Hawaii, Japan, China
Taking Control Of Hawaii Early Contact Captain Cook (1778) King Kamehameha – united eight major Islands Diseases Population 1770s – 300,000 1893 – 40,000 Sugar Money for Americans 1875 – Hawaiian sugar sold to USA tax free
Plotting Against the King Hawaiian League Members – Americans Purpose – Overthrow Monarchy Bayonet Constitution Restricted the king’s power Most Hawaiians lost ability to vote Pearl Harbor Forced to give to USA Port for the US Navy Sugar in USA taxed again (1890) Angered American Planters Wanted to make HI a USA territory
End of the Monarchy Queen Liliokalani – 1891 Announced plan to restore monarchy US businessman had Marines overthrow her Sanford B. Dole Appointed himself the President of Hawaii Annexation (1898) President McKinley approved Annexation
Influence in China Spheres of Influence Area where outside nation exerts control Open Door Policy Give all nations equal trading rights in China Boxer Rebellion Boxers – Chinese rebels that hated/attacked foreigners Laid siege to Beijing 20,000 international troops crushed them
Influence in Japan Japan = Isolated US sailed fleet of modern battleships into Tokyo Bay in 1853 1854 agreed to open trade with US Started rapid modernization Russo Japanese War Japan = Imperialists Great White Fleet—U.S. flexes military muscles for the world to see!