Presentation on theme: "V.11.D The Emerging Role of China in Africa ECON 3510 Arch Ritter June 10, 2014 Source: Class notes."— Presentation transcript:
V.11.D The Emerging Role of China in Africa ECON 3510 Arch Ritter June 10, 2014 Source: Class notes.
China has emerged as a huge economic presence in African countries: 1.Foreign Investment 2.Trade; Including land acquisition; 3.Financier; 4.Assistance Donor
Major new participants in resource sector activity: China, India, and South Korea Concentrated in oil, minerals and now land for agricultural exports Major volumes of direct foreign investment Oil, minerals and agri. raw materials dominate African exports to Asia (86% to China in 2005) See The Economist, “Out-Sourcing’s Third Wave,” May 21, 2009 and African Development Report 2007. pp. 131-136 1. China’s Investment in Africa
“ Outsourcing's Third Wave“: Land Acquisitions Source: The Economist, May 2009
New phenomenon: Asia, especially China has captured the production of labour intensive manufactures for the world. Has Africa been “marginalized” in the “globalizing” trading system Implementation of any development strategy aimed at developing manufacturing may pose difficulties especially with competition from China, Do past prescriptions regarding trade need reconsideration?? 2. Trade:
China’s advantages: Industrious labor force; Low cost labor; Past emphases on human development Relatively new industrial capital stock Massive economies of scale; Major agglomeration economies; Undervalued exchange rate (“cheating at the “globalization game”??)
Digression on “Agglomerative Economies” (in large urban areas) providing cost advantages of large urban scale to producers, including – Developed infrastructure generally; – Lower transport costs for inputs and outputs; – diversified range of all economic activities – skilled labor pools; – availability of necessary inputs, repair services, etc. – proximity to major domestic markets; – government services and bureaucracy; – financial institutions, educational institutions – “amenities’ for citizens
Impacts of China’s “beggar-thy-neighbour” under-valued exchange rate, an unfair advantage in domestic African markets and in foreign markets that African countries could be cultivating. ;
China’s Impact on Africa: On the positive side??? On the negative side???
China’s Impact on Africa: On the positive side, 1. China has helped accelerate economic growth by contributing to commodity boom due to higher prices of oil and metals 2.Deepened trade and investment on a continent that has been marginalized from flows of international trade and global capital, 3.Investing in Africa's transport and education infrastructure. 4.Given many Africans access to low-cost consumer goods.
China’s Impact on Africa: On the positive side, 5. Low-transactions cost way of doing business and noninterference in countries' internal affairs 6, More competition regarding aid; increased recipient countries' bargaining power with donors. 7. Generous development assistance 8. Major new investment China is contributing to the continent's economic development and acting as a force for change in Africa.
China’s Impact on Africa: On the negative side: some challenges and risks. 1.Chinese investment is based on capital-intensive natural resource extraction with minimal employment generation 2.China's influence on global energy demand leads to increased energy prices for net oil importers in Africa and a worsening of terms of trade.
China’s Impact on Africa: On the negative side: some challenges and risks. 3. A New “Scramble for Africa’s Resources”? 4. Is China “de-industrializing” Africa? Imports of cheap Chinese goods in Africa, plus competition between Chinese and African goods in third-country markets, hinders economic diversification and manufacturing. 5. Allegations of improper labor and human rights standards, may gather momentum.
China’s Impact on Africa, continued: On the negative side: some challenges and risks 5. Issues like corruption and governance, which had moved to the forefront of the development agenda, may slide back down again. 6. There may be some slippage in the progress with regard to transparency and civil society participation.
China in Africa: Some References Chinese-Built Ghost Town In The Middle Of Angola Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/chinese-built-ghost-town-kilamba-angola-2012- 7?op=1#ixzz2yc1Qiu4R http://www.businessinsider.com/chinese-built-ghost-town-kilamba-angola-2012- 7?op=1#ixzz2yc1Qiu4R China in Africa: The Real StoryChina in Africa: The Real Story Digging into the myths and realities http://www.chinaafricarealstory.com/2011/05/chinese-in-africa-economist-gets- some.html http://www.chinaafricarealstory.com/2011/05/chinese-in-africa-economist-gets- some.html China Is Africa's New Colonial Overlord, Says Famed...China Is Africa's New Colonial Overlord, Says Famed... www.ibtimes.com/china- africas-new-colonial-overlord-says-famed-prim... Feb 18, 2014 - Animal activist and researcher Jane Goodall compared Chinese investment in Africa to British colonialism. http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/interactive/2013/apr/29/china- commits-billions-aid-africa-interactive Alex Vines, China in Africa: A Mixed Blessing? http://www.relooney.fatcow.com/SI_Oil-Politics/Africa-China_22.pdf http://www.relooney.fatcow.com/SI_Oil-Politics/Africa-China_22.pdf Claire Provost and Rich Harris, China in Africa: soft power, hard cash, The Guardian, 29 April 2013China in Africa: soft power, hard cashThe Guardian Land Grab and Human Rights in Ethiopia