Industrial Revolution *New ideas *New technology (weapons, machines, factories!) *Spread of goods (increase in trade) !
Palm Oil Areas Affected: West and Southwest Africa Uses Mechanical lubricant
Rubber Areas Affected: Congo Basin Uses Tires, seals, tubing, belts etc.
Gold Areas Affected: West Africa DRC South Africa Zimbabwe Uses Gold!
Part II Early Exploration & Slavery
Portugal: leader of the pack Population Islam Advanced sailing Borders Resources Proximity Explorers
*1444 Portuguese trade sea routes est. beginning in Mauritania and ending in what is present-day Kenya *Brought slaves from Mauritania *Beginning of the slave trade
Who was involved? After the Portuguese established slave trade routes, other nations joined in. Dutch Spanish French English
Slavery 15 million people over the course of 400 years were forced into slavery The Atlantic Slave Trade took place during the 14 th and the 19 th centuries.
Chattel Slavery vs. Bonded Forced marriage Forced labor
Slave Routes The Atlantic Slave Trade had a huge effect on Africa: *shifts power to the coasts *worsens violence through increased warfare and the introduction of new/more weapons, * drains many groups of their most healthy, productive members
Slaves were used to help further establish New World colonies. Sugar Tobacco Coffee Cotton *Eventually African Kingdoms began to rely on goods produced in Europe and their colonies. Gun/slave cycle (increased warfare amongst kingdoms)
Barriers Existing communities Diseases Geography Vastness and a lack of accurate maps
Take up the White Man’s burden— Send forth the best ye breed— Go send your sons to exile To serve your captives' need To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half devil and half child Take up the White Man’s burden In patience to abide To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple An hundred times made plain To seek another’s profit And work another’s gain Take up the White Man’s burden— And reap his old reward: The blame of those ye better The hate of those ye guard— The cry of hosts ye humour (Ah slowly) to the light: "Why brought ye us from bondage, “Our loved Egyptian night?” Take up the White Man’s burden- Have done with childish days- The lightly proffered laurel, The easy, ungrudged praise. Comes now, to search your manhood Through all the thankless years, Cold-edged with dear-bought wisdom, The judgment of your peers! Source: Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden: The United States & The Philippine Islands, 1899.” Rudyard Kipling’s Verse: Definitive Edition (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1929).
“Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”
Part IV The Scramble for Africa
map of Africa Ethno-linguistic map of Africa Thomson map of Africa slave trade Exploring Africa Dr. Livingstone’s map Dr. Livingstone Exploring Africa Exploring Africa Exploring Africa interior of slave ship slave trade slave photograph Missionaries in Africa industrial revolution industrial revolution industrial revolution industrial revolution image the Portuguese in Africa The Scramble map of Portuguese forts Tsetse flies African resistance to colonialism African resistance to the slave trade triangle trade “White Man’s Burden” African resistance African resistance Battle of Adowa Battle of Asowa jungle image Drackenberg Escarpment