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European Influence and Exploitation in Africa (in four parts)

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Presentation on theme: "European Influence and Exploitation in Africa (in four parts)"— Presentation transcript:

1 European Influence and Exploitation in Africa (in four parts)

2 Part 1 European Influence


4 Borders


6 Languages

7 Religion

8 Motives Curiosity Mansa Musa etc. Explorers searching for the mouths of the rivers (Niger/Nile)

9 Motives Christianity Desire to convert Attempt to “civilize” Missionary fervor

10 Motives Conquest Fame and glory Each country was interested in getting as much land as possible

11 Motives Commerce Rubber Gold Palm Oil Ivory Slaves Pepper

12 Industrial Revolution *New ideas *New technology (weapons, machines, factories!) *Spread of goods (increase in trade) !

13 Palm Oil Areas Affected: West and Southwest Africa Uses Mechanical lubricant

14 Rubber Areas Affected: Congo Basin Uses Tires, seals, tubing, belts etc.

15 Gold Areas Affected: West Africa DRC South Africa Zimbabwe Uses Gold!


17 Part II Early Exploration & Slavery

18 Portugal: leader of the pack Population Islam Advanced sailing Borders Resources Proximity Explorers


20 *1444 Portuguese trade sea routes est. beginning in Mauritania and ending in what is present-day Kenya *Brought slaves from Mauritania *Beginning of the slave trade

21 Who was involved? After the Portuguese established slave trade routes, other nations joined in. Dutch Spanish French English

22 Slavery 15 million people over the course of 400 years were forced into slavery The Atlantic Slave Trade took place during the 14 th and the 19 th centuries.

23 Chattel Slavery vs. Bonded Forced marriage Forced labor

24 Slave Routes The Atlantic Slave Trade had a huge effect on Africa: *shifts power to the coasts *worsens violence through increased warfare and the introduction of new/more weapons, * drains many groups of their most healthy, productive members


26 Slaves were used to help further establish New World colonies. Sugar Tobacco Coffee Cotton *Eventually African Kingdoms began to rely on goods produced in Europe and their colonies. Gun/slave cycle (increased warfare amongst kingdoms)

27 Triangle Trade

28 Barriers Existing communities Diseases Geography Vastness and a lack of accurate maps

29 Existing Communities

30 Battle of Adowa 1896


32 Geography Rivers Falls Deserts Dense Forests Escarpments


34 TseTse Fly

35 Malaria



38 It is HUGE

39 Part III Missionaries and Explorers

40 Take up the White Man’s burden— Send forth the best ye breed— Go send your sons to exile To serve your captives' need To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half devil and half child Take up the White Man’s burden In patience to abide To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple An hundred times made plain To seek another’s profit And work another’s gain Take up the White Man’s burden— And reap his old reward: The blame of those ye better The hate of those ye guard— The cry of hosts ye humour (Ah slowly) to the light: "Why brought ye us from bondage, “Our loved Egyptian night?” Take up the White Man’s burden- Have done with childish days- The lightly proffered laurel, The easy, ungrudged praise. Comes now, to search your manhood Through all the thankless years, Cold-edged with dear-bought wisdom, The judgment of your peers! Source: Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden: The United States & The Philippine Islands, 1899.” Rudyard Kipling’s Verse: Definitive Edition (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1929).

41 “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”

42 Part IV The Scramble for Africa

43 1914 map of Africa Ethno-linguistic map of Africa Thomson map of Africa slave trade Exploring Africa Dr. Livingstone’s map Dr. Livingstone Exploring Africa Exploring Africa Exploring Africa interior of slave ship slave trade slave photograph Missionaries in Africa industrial revolution industrial revolution industrial revolution industrial revolution image the Portuguese in Africa The Scramble map of Portuguese forts Tsetse flies African resistance to colonialism African resistance to the slave trade triangle trade “White Man’s Burden” African resistance African resistance Battle of Adowa Battle of Asowa jungle image Drackenberg Escarpment

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