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The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson One WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS.

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Presentation on theme: "The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson One WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson One WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS

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4 North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:  HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.

5 I Can….Define in writing and create a memory device for key words related to “The Age of Imperialism”

6 USE THE CORNELL NOTE TEMPLATE FOR OF YOUR NOTES TODAY! Relax and enjoy the ride In History Class! Focus Up and……

7 The Age of Imperialism

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9 THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM: CONCEPT DEFINITION MAP DIRECTIONS: FILL IN THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION AS YOU READ ABOUT THE CONCEPT.

10 The Age of Imperialism What is it? (Definition): Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.

11  The Industrial Revolution caused a need for resources to fuel industrial production in Europe and the United States.

12 THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM: CONCEPT DEFINITION MAP DIRECTIONS: FILL IN THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION AS YOU READ ABOUT THE CONCEPT. OTHER CAUSES  Economic competition between European nations; new markets to sell their goods.  The need of European nations to add colonies to their empires as a measure of national greatness.  Growing racism, or the belief that one race was superior to another. –Because they were more technologically advanced, many Europeans and Americans felt they had the right to dominate the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

13 FORMS OF IMPERIALISM Colony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic Imperialism

14 Where would these resources come from? PLEASE COPY THE QUESTION ABOVE AND WRITE THE FOLLOWING AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE. PLEASE INCLUDE A “MEMORY DEVICE”  Africa  Asia  Latin America

15 Imperialism in 1914

16 FORMS OF IMPERIALISM CHARACTERISTICS ColonyA country or region governed internally by a foreign power ProtectorateA country with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power Sphere of InfluenceAn area in which an outside power claims exclusive trading privileges Economic ImperialismIndependent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other government

17 Work on your “Age of Imperialism” KIM Vocabulary I.

18 The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson TWO WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS

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20 North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:  HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.

21 I Can…. Explain in writing and complete map activities related to: “The Scramble for Africa!”

22 USE THE CORNELL NOTE TEMPLATE FOR OF YOUR NOTES TODAY! Relax and enjoy the ride In History Class! Focus Up and……

23 The Age of Imperialism

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25 IMPERIALISM The Age of Imperialism What is it? (Definition): Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.

26 IMPERIALISM Study Guide: Imperialism Final Test (Semester Final): 100 Points-Summative Final Date: Thursday January 22, 2015

27  Europeans’ technological superiority (including the machine gun)  Improvements in transportation to and within Asian and African colonies  Medical advances, such as Quinine, which protected Europeans from foreign diseases (malaria)  Disunity among ethnic groups in Africa. Highlight/SHARE: “Key motivations for Imperialism” In your Cornell Notes!

28 THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA King Leopold II:  King of Belgium – Believed his country needed to create colonies but couldn’t get his nation’s support.  In 1876, he created his own holding company and hired Henry Morton Stanley to create a colony in the Congo.  This began the “scramble for Africa”.  PLEASE READ THIS SECTION IN YOUR CORNELL NOTES AND HIGHLIGHT THE KEY WORDS  PAIR/SHARE

29 THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA  By 1882, his private company controlled most of the Congo.  His company, under Stanley’s leadership, negotiated treaties with several African chiefs – many of whom were tricked.  As a result, Leopold privately owned the Congo

30 THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA  Leopold told world leaders he was establishing Christianity and abolishing slavery.  What he really did was much worse:  Forced Congolese to collect rubber and live under harsh conditions  Over 10 million died

31 THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA  Eventually, information began to leak out to the world about Leopold’s abuses.  Photos and accounts outraged Americans and British.  The Belgium govt. seized the Congo from Leopold, He died shortly afterward

32  Berlin Conference,  European nations met to lay down rules for the division of Africa. (Read/Highlight/Share) European leaders decided the following:  The Congo would still be under the control of Leopold II (this is before they knew of his abuses)  No nation could stake a claim without telling other nations  Territory cannot be claimed unless occupied, and the occupying nation must retain control over the area

33 What were the consequences of the Berlin conference?  By 1914, Britain had 30% of Africa, France 15%, and Germany and Belgium each about 10%. of Africa.  Liberia and Ethiopia remained independent.  Little thought was given to ethnic and language groups leading to much conflict later.  No Africans present to share their thoughts and opinions.

34 SUMMARY PARAGRAPH: Summarize today’s lesson in a paragraph you could read and explain to a 5 th grader:

35 PASS OUT “SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA” MAP PACKET

36 Work on “Scramble for Africa” Map Packet

37 The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson THREE WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS

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39 North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:  HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.

40 I Can…. Analyze and write about two poems related to Imperialism in Africa

41 USE THE CORNELL NOTE TEMPLATE FOR OF YOUR NOTES TODAY! Relax and enjoy the ride In History Class! Focus Up and……

42 The Age of Imperialism

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44 IMPERIALISM The Age of Imperialism What is it? (Definition): Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.

45 CHANGES FOR AFRICANS:  Europeans wanted colonies mostly for natural resources such as copper, rubber, and tin.  European occupiers wanted cash crops such as peanuts

46 CHANGES FOR AFRICANS:  Improvements in transportation – Europeans built roads and bridges and thousands of miles of railroad to move goods and people across the continent.  Built telegraph lines to improve communication.  Helped Europeans exploit natural resources and gain political control, but obviously benefited Africans as well.

47 CHANGES FOR AFRICANS:  Other changes:  Improvements in healthcare practices, education, sanitation.  Reduced local warfare between tribes.  But these changes were mostly made to benefit the European occupiers.

48 INDIRECT CONTROLDIRECT CONTROL  Local government officials were used  Limited self-rule  GOAL: to develop future leaders  Government institutions are based on European styles but may have local rules  Foreign officials brought in to rule  No self-rule  GOAL: assimilation (the process in which a minority group adopts the customs of the prevailing culture)  Government institutions based only on European styles  Paternalism: people governed in a fatherly way where their needs are provided for but they’re not given rights HOT Question #1: Analyze the Chart below……. Which kind of control gave people Of Africa less control? Give three specific reasons to prove your point.: HOT Question #2: Define in your own Words: 1.Assimilation 2.Paternalism

49 OTHER FORMS OF IMPERIALISM  Protectorate – A country or territory with its own government but under the control of an outside power. Indirect control Ex. British colonies, U.S. colonies.  Sphere of Influence – an area in which an outside power claims exclusive trading privileges. Ex. Liberia was under sphere of influence of the U.S.  Economic Imperialism – An independent country controlled by private businesses rather than a govt. Ex. – The Dole Fruit Co. controlled Hawaii.

50  Social Darwinism: the idea that those who were fittest for survival and success were superior to others. Because of Social Darwinism, Europeans felt they had the right and duty to bring progress to other nations.  Need to Christianize the people of Asia and Africa.  Need to civilize and “westernize” others.  This not a new concept-”Manifest Destiny” Columbus, Pizarro, Cortes, Westward settlers and the list goes on and on……..

51 Social Darwinism said that strong people should rule over weak people…

52 One English writer put it this way: “Whatever happens, we have got the Maxim gun, and they have not.”

53 “Take up the White Man’s Burden – Send forth the best ye breed – Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild – Your new caught, sullen peoples Half devil and half-child.” Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book, was an Anglo-Indian – an Englishman who was born in India. His ideas about imperialism can be seen in a poem he wrote in 1889, called The White Man’s Burden:

54 The White Man’s Burden was the idea that Europeans had to conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization. This was supposed to help them…

55 SUMMARY PARAGRAPH: Describe the concepts of “Social Darwinism” And “White Man’s Burden” in a paragraph. Do This in the “Summary Paragraph” Section of your Cornell Notes.

56 “Take up the White Man’s Burden – Send forth the best ye breed – Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild – Your new caught, sullen peoples Half devil and half-child.” Pass Out “White Mans Burden” Poetry Analysis

57 Work on: “White Mans Burden” Packet

58 The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson FOUR WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS

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60 North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:  HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.

61 I Can…. Analyze and write about two poems related to Imperialism in Africa

62 USE THE CORNELL NOTE TEMPLATE FOR OF YOUR NOTES TODAY! Relax and enjoy the ride In History Class! Focus Up and……

63 The Age of Imperialism

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65 IMPERIALISM LESSON #4 Today you can work independently or with a partner. We will be working on the following in this order today. Please complete the first two tasks and get a good start on the third today:  Highlight Cornell Notes Lesson #4, answer the three HOT questions and complete the “Summary Paragraph section.  Pick up a “Imperialism Case Study: Nigeria” Packet and complete with a partner using pages in the S.S. book.  Turn the “Imperialism Case Study” packet into me directly and pick up…….  Imperialism DBQ discussion packet. Work on for the remainder of the period.  Imperialism DBQ Discussion is January 14 th (Thursday). LAST DAY FOR WORLD HISTORY-SEMEMSTER ONE.

66 The Age of Imperialism Unit 4: Lesson Five WORLD HISTORY Kirby CHS

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68 North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:  HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.

69 I Can…. Analyze and write about United States and Imperialism.

70 USE THE CORNELL NOTE TEMPLATE FOR OF YOUR NOTES TODAY! Relax and enjoy the ride In History Class! Focus Up and……

71 The Age of Imperialism

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73 Imperialism Final Semester One Project: 1. Individual Research Packet: 50 Pts-Summative 2.Group Poster/Power Point Presentation 100 Pts. –Summative DUE: Jan. 20 th (Tuesday)

74 IMPERIALISM LESSON #5  Highlight Cornell Notes Lesson #4, answer the four HOT questions and complete the “Summary Paragraph section.  Work on your Imperialism Project (Individual Research Portion) today.  You can use a chrome book and/or your phone for internet access.

75 IMPERIALISM POSTER IDEAS:

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81  POSITIVE  Local warfare reduced  Improved sanitation  Hospitals led to increased lifespan  Schools led to increased literacy  Economic growth  NEGATIVE  Loss of land and independence  Men forced to work in European owned mines and on European owned farms  Contempt for traditional culture and admiration of European culture = identity problems  Dividing up of Africa = artificial boundaries divided kinship groups and united rivals


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