8The Age of Imperialism: Concept Definition Map Directions: Fill in the following information as you read about the concept.
9The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914 The Age of Imperialism: Concept Definition Map Directions: Fill in the following information as you read about the concept.The Age of ImperialismWhat is it?(Definition):Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.
10Causes of ImperialismThe Industrial Revolution caused a need for resources to fuel industrial production in Europe and the United States.
11Growing racism, or the belief that one race was superior to another. The Age of Imperialism: Concept Definition Map Directions: Fill in the following information as you read about the concept.OTHER CAUSESEconomic competition between European nations; new markets to sell their goods.The need of European nations to add colonies to their empires as a measure of national greatness.Growing racism, or the belief that one race was superior to another.Because they were more technologically advanced, many Europeans and Americans felt they had the right to dominate the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
12Colony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic Imperialism Forms of ImperialismColonyProtectorateSphere of InfluenceEconomic Imperialism
13Where would these resources come from? PLEASE COPY THE QUESTION ABOVE AND WRITE THE FOLLOWINGAT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE. PLEASEINCLUDE A “MEMORY DEVICE”AfricaAsiaLatin America
15Forms of Imperialism FORMS OF IMPERIALISM CHARACTERISTICS Colony A country or region governed internally by a foreign powerProtectorateA country with its own internal government but under the control of an outside powerSphere of InfluenceAn area in which an outside power claims exclusive trading privilegesEconomic ImperialismIndependent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other government
16Work on your “Age of Imperialism” KIM Vocabulary I. The End
17The Age of ImperialismUnit 4: Lesson TWOWORLD HISTORYKirbyCHS
18Concentration on these slides is guarantied WarningConcentration on these slides is guarantiedto improve your World History grade.
19Unit Learning Objectives: North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.
20Lesson Four : Daily Learning Target I Can…. Explain in writing and complete map activities related to: “The Scramble for Africa!”
21use the Cornell Note Template for of your Notes Today! Relax and enjoy the rideIn History Class!Focus Up and……
24The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914 What is it?(Definition):Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.
25Final Date: Thursday January 22, 2015 imperialismStudy Guide: Imperialism Final Test (Semester Final):100 Points-SummativeFinal Date: Thursday January 22, 2015
26What Enabled Imperialism? Europeans’ technological superiority (including the machine gun)Improvements in transportation to and within Asian and African coloniesMedical advances, such as Quinine, which protected Europeans from foreign diseases (malaria)Disunity among ethnic groups in Africa.Highlight/SHARE: “Key motivations for Imperialism” In your Cornell Notes!
27THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA King Leopold II:King of Belgium – Believed his country needed to create colonies but couldn’t get his nation’s support.In 1876, he created his own holding company and hired Henry Morton Stanley to create a colony in the Congo.This began the “scramble for Africa”.PLEASE READ THIS SECTION IN YOUR CORNELL NOTES AND HIGHLIGHT THE KEY WORDSPAIR/SHARE
28The Scramble for africa By 1882, his private company controlled most of the Congo.His company, under Stanley’s leadership, negotiated treaties with several African chiefs – many of whom were tricked.As a result, Leopold privately owned the Congo
29The scramble for africa Leopold told world leaders he was establishing Christianity and abolishing slavery.What he really did was much worse:Forced Congolese to collect rubber and live under harsh conditionsOver 10 million died
30The Scramble For africa Eventually, information began to leak out to the world about Leopold’s abuses.Photos and accounts outragedAmericans and British.The Belgium govt. seized the Congo from Leopold, He died shortly afterward
31Imperialism in Africa Berlin Conference, 1884-1885 European nations met to lay down rules for the division of Africa. (Read/Highlight/Share)European leaders decided the following:The Congo would still be under the control of Leopold II (this is before they knew of his abuses)No nation could stake a claim without telling other nationsTerritory cannot be claimed unless occupied, and the occupying nation must retain control over the area
32HOT question #3; What were the consequences of the Berlin conference? By 1914, Britain had 30% of Africa, France 15%, and Germany and Belgium each about 10%. of Africa.Liberia and Ethiopia remained independent.Little thought was given to ethnic and language groups leading to much conflict later.No Africans present to share their thoughts and opinions.
33Summary Paragraph: Summarize today’s lesson in a paragraph you could read and explain to a 5th grader:
43The Age of Imperialism 1850-1914 What is it?(Definition):Imperialism: The takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the economic, political and social life of the people of that nation.
44Changes for Africans:Europeans wanted colonies mostly for natural resources such as copper, rubber, and tin.European occupiers wanted cash crops such as peanuts
45Changes for Africans:Improvements in transportation – Europeans built roads and bridges and thousands of miles of railroad to move goods and people across the continent.Built telegraph lines to improve communication.Helped Europeans exploit natural resources and gain political control, but obviously benefited Africans as well.
46But these changes were mostly made to benefit the European occupiers. Changes for Africans:Other changes:Improvements in healthcare practices, education, sanitation.Reduced local warfare between tribes.But these changes were mostly made to benefit the European occupiers.
47Forms of Imperialism Types of Management HOT Question #1: Analyze the Chart below…….Which kind of control gavepeople Of Africa less control?Give three specific reasons to prove your point.:INDIRECT CONTROLDIRECT CONTROLLocal government officials were usedLimited self-ruleGOAL: to develop future leadersGovernment institutions are based on European styles but may have local rulesForeign officials brought in to ruleNo self-ruleGOAL: assimilation (the process in which a minority group adopts the customs of the prevailing culture)Government institutions based only on European stylesPaternalism: people governed in a fatherly way where their needs are provided for but they’re not given rightsHOT Question #2:Define in your ownWords:AssimilationPaternalism
48Other Forms of imperialism Protectorate – A country or territory with its own government but under the control of an outside power. Indirect control Ex. British colonies, U.S. colonies.Sphere of Influence – an area in which an outside power claims exclusive trading privileges. Ex. Liberia was under sphere of influence of the U.S.Economic Imperialism – An independent country controlled by private businesses rather than a govt. Ex. – The Dole Fruit Co. controlled Hawaii.
49On the Back Write: “Social Darwinism” Social Darwinism: the idea that those who were fittest for survival and success were superior to others. Because of Social Darwinism, Europeans felt they had the right and duty to bring progress to other nations.Need to Christianize the people of Asia and Africa.Need to civilize and “westernize” others.This not a new concept-”Manifest Destiny” Columbus, Pizarro, Cortes, Westward settlers and the list goes on and on……..
50Social Darwinism said that strong people should rule over weak people…
51“Whatever happens, we have got the Maxim gun, and they have not.” One English writer put it this way:“Whatever happens, we have got the Maxim gun, and they have not.”
52Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book, was an Anglo-Indian – an Englishman who was born in India.His ideas about imperialism can be seen in a poem he wrote in 1889, called The White Man’s Burden:“Take up the White Man’s Burden –Send forth the best ye breed –Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives’ need;To wait in heavy harnessOn fluttered folk and wild –Your new caught, sullen peoplesHalf devil and half-child.”
53The White Man’s Burden was the idea that Europeans had to conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization.This was supposed to help them…
54Summary Paragraph: Describe the concepts of “Social Darwinism” And “White Man’s Burden” in a paragraph.Do This in the “Summary Paragraph”Section of your Cornell Notes.
55Pass Out “White Mans Burden” Poetry Analysis “Take up the White Man’s Burden –Send forth the best ye breed –Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives’ need;To wait in heavy harnessOn fluttered folk and wild –Your new caught, sullen peoplesHalf devil and half-child.”
64Imperialism Lesson #4Today you can work independently or with a partner. We will be working on the following in this order today. Please complete the first two tasks and get a good start on the third today:Highlight Cornell Notes Lesson #4, answer the three HOT questions and complete the “Summary Paragraph section.Pick up a “Imperialism Case Study: Nigeria” Packet and complete with a partner using pages in the S.S. book.Turn the “Imperialism Case Study” packet into me directly and pick up…….Imperialism DBQ discussion packet. Work on for the remainder of the period.Imperialism DBQ Discussion is January 14th (Thursday). LAST DAY FOR WORLD HISTORY-SEMEMSTER ONE.
65The Age of ImperialismUnit 4: Lesson FiveWORLD HISTORYKirbyCHS
66Concentration on these slides is guarantied WarningConcentration on these slides is guarantiedto improve your World History grade.
67Unit Learning Objectives: North Clackamas School District Social Studies Priority Standards:HK 2. Analyze the complexity and investigate causes and effects of significant events in World History.
68Lesson Four : Daily Learning Target I Can…. Analyze and write about United States and Imperialism.
69use the Cornell Note Template for of your Notes Today! Relax and enjoy the rideIn History Class!Focus Up and……
73Imperialism Lesson #5Highlight Cornell Notes Lesson #4, answer the four HOT questions and complete the “Summary Paragraph section.Work on your Imperialism Project (Individual Research Portion) today.You can use a chrome book and/or your phone for internet access.
80Impact of Imperialism in Africa POSITIVELocal warfare reducedImproved sanitationHospitals led to increased lifespanSchools led to increased literacyEconomic growthNEGATIVELoss of land and independenceMen forced to work in European owned mines and on European owned farmsContempt for traditional culture and admiration of European culture = identity problemsDividing up of Africa = artificial boundaries divided kinship groups and united rivals