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Coming Soon…. Extended Bellringer. Agenda Extended Bellringer Notes: Imperialism in Africa Video clip Exit Ticket.

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Presentation on theme: "Coming Soon…. Extended Bellringer. Agenda Extended Bellringer Notes: Imperialism in Africa Video clip Exit Ticket."— Presentation transcript:

1 Coming Soon…. Extended Bellringer

2 Agenda Extended Bellringer Notes: Imperialism in Africa Video clip Exit Ticket

3 Extended Bellringer Complete top line of the chart and all questions on page 27 of packet In the blank space, identify the main beliefs of each of our four economic theorists: Jeremy Bentham, Karl Marx, Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus

4 Mod 7 Essay Time! Complete the assigned thematic essay by Friday Turn in with a completed rubric and writing checklist Worth 50 points, 2 points off each day late

5 New Imperialism

6 Objectives Students will identify why European Nations began imperializing other countries Students will identify the various forms of imperialism in Africa

7 Imperialism Control of one country over the political, economic, or cultural life of another country (complete takeover)

8 Two forms: Old Imperialism: 1500-1800 European colonization of new world New Imperialism: 1870-1914 Industrialized European nations expand into non-industrialized nations

9 Causes of New Imperialism 1. Nationalism (pride in your country; desire to be free) ◦Industrialized nations believed the bigger you were, the more powerful you were 2. Military motives ◦Establish military bases to resupply ships around the world 3. Economic motives ◦Need raw materials and new markets to sell goods in 4. Social Darwinism ◦“White Man’s Burden” – Rudyard Kipling ◦White imperialists have a moral duty to educate and civilize people in less developed, “barbarian” nations

10 Page 48 “White Man’s Burden” by Rudyard Kipling

11 Types of Imperialism Colony: direct control, impose culture/gov’t, transform society Protectorate: leave local rulers in place as puppets, indirect control Sphere of Influence: Control the money and trade within and around an area, indirect control


13 Check for Understanding With a partner: ◦1. Define imperialism ◦2. Explain the difference between new and old imperialism ◦3. Identify the four reasons why imperialism began

14 Agenda Bellringer Review Questions Notes: Imperialism in Africa Video Clip Exit Ticket

15 Review Questions What is the difference between a colony and a protectorate? ◦Colony: direct control, protectorate: indirect control, local leaders are puppet government Define invisible hand ◦Supply and Demand work together to run economy What are the four causes of Imperialism ◦Economic incentives, Military bases, nationalism, social Darwinism What was the result of the Sadler report? ◦Factory Act 1833 (labor regulations) What two countries industrialized after Great Britain? ◦Germany and United States

16 Objectives Students will identify how the scramble for Africa began Students will identify the various ways Europeans controlled Africans

17 Imperialism in Africa

18 The “Dark” Continent Called “Dark” because it was huge and little was known about it Thousands of different tribal languages Many different religions – polytheism, animism, Islam, etc… What was animism? Belief all living and nonliving things have a spirit

19 Africa Up until this point undeveloped Only the Portuguese and Dutch had some colonies on the coast lines due to early exploration (remember Vasco de Gama? Bartholomeu Dias?) Industrialized, white, Europeans viewed Africans as barbaric and behind the times Motivated by social Darwinism

20 Story of King Leopold II Slimey liar King of Belgium, which was tiny Wanted to increase size of country and hopefully power (nationalism) Sent Henry Stanley, a reporter, into Africa to explore under the pretense of “helping” the natives accept Christianity (missionary activity) Stanley was really sent to have native leaders sign over their rights, create plantation farms, control natives Other countries let him do this because they thought he was being nice (social Darwinism)

21 King Leopold II Stanley

22 Result When the new African territory became big enough, he handed control over to the Belgian Parliament which made the area an official part of Belgium, called the Belgian Congo Every other industrialized country tweeked out This wasn’t missionary activity, this was actual an act of imperialism that tilted balance of power Now every other country is going to want a piece of Africa



25 Scramble for Africa When industrialized countries all try to imperialize parts of Africa Uh oh – what if a world war happens? What happens if all the industrialized countries begin fighting over the African territory? How can we prevent this from happening? The question that no one asked: What do the Africans want?

26 Berlin Conference 1884 in Germany European countries came together and decided: ◦1. Any country can lay claim to territory in Africa IF: ◦A. They notify other European nations of the takeover, and ◦B. They demonstrate an ability to properly control the area

27 Berlin Conference

28 Methods of Control Indirect vs. Direct Get rival tribes to fight one another Divide territories by linguistic differences Europeans had the maxim gun, Africans still had exploration age rifles

29 Imperialism

30 Effects of Imperialism Positive: New schools, libraries, railroads built. Literacy increased. Hospitals built, sanitation improved. Telephone lines installed. Negative: Many Africans killed by weapons or disease (smallpox). Lost land and independence. Famines were a problem. Traditional lifestyle destroyed. Boundaries created by Europeans continue to plague Africa today.

31 Video…

32 Exit Ticket How did the Scramble for Africa begin? ◦King Leopold II took over Congo for Belgium What arrangement was made at the Berlin Conference? ◦Any country can take a piece of Africa if they declare it/control it What are some methods Europeans used to control the Africans? ◦Tribal rivalries, advanced weapons, boundaries What were the two forms of governmental control used by Europeans? ◦Direct and indirect (colony vs. Protectorate vs. Sphere of Influence) Explain how social Darwinism was a cause of imperialism in Africa? ◦Acted like they were helping unfortunates, but really wanted resources

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