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Methods of Colonial Control: Sudan and the Boer War HIST 4339
Room Change Starting Mon, Nov 26, we will meet in CLUB 4
Outline Methods of colonial control: – Sudan – Southern Africa
Sudan (cont): The Anglo-Egyptian Condominium 1899: Sudan made a condominium (territory ruled jointly by Britain and Egypt) Condominium really dominated by Britain
Southern Africa: The Boers 1815: British annexure of Cape of Good Hope (Cape Colony) http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ward_1912/south_africa_1815.jpg
Southern Africa: The Boers 1881: British-Boer agreement leaves Transvaal to Boers 1886: Major gold strike in Transvaal http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ward_1912/south_africa_1815.jpg
Cecil Rhodes Fortune in diamond mines 1889: Rhodes’ British South Africa Co. granted charter for Rhodesia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Rhodes
Cecil Rhodes 1890: Rhodes prime minister of Cape Colony 1895: Jameson Raid scandal http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Rhodes
Boer War 1899: British provoke war Early example of total war Concentration camps kill tens of thousands
Boer War Greatest test of Br imperial power since Indian uprising of 1857 1910: Boer & British territory in Southern Africa combined to form South Africa
Darfur Condominium’s boundaries unclear Darfur region autonomous under Sultan Ali Dinar of the Keira dynasty www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ward_1912/egypt_under_british.jpg
Darfur French pressure, Ali Dinar’s WWI alliance with Ottomans 1916: Darfur officially annexed to condominium www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ward_1912/egypt_under_british.jpg
Conclusions Anglo-Egyptian Condominium – “joint” rule of Sudan Boer War – Motivated British to improve army – Led to establishment of apartheid South Africa
Conclusions Darfur – Context for present-day conflict Room change: after break, meet in CLUB 4
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