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Methods of Colonial Control: Sudan and the Boer War HIST 4339
Room Change Starting Mon, Nov 26, we will meet in CLUB 4
Outline Methods of colonial control: – Sudan – Southern Africa
Sudan (cont): The Anglo-Egyptian Condominium 1899: Sudan made a condominium (territory ruled jointly by Britain and Egypt) Condominium really dominated by Britain
Southern Africa: The Boers 1815: British annexure of Cape of Good Hope (Cape Colony)
Southern Africa: The Boers 1881: British-Boer agreement leaves Transvaal to Boers 1886: Major gold strike in Transvaal
Cecil Rhodes Fortune in diamond mines 1889: Rhodes’ British South Africa Co. granted charter for Rhodesia
Cecil Rhodes 1890: Rhodes prime minister of Cape Colony 1895: Jameson Raid scandal
Boer War 1899: British provoke war Early example of total war Concentration camps kill tens of thousands
Boer War Greatest test of Br imperial power since Indian uprising of : Boer & British territory in Southern Africa combined to form South Africa
Darfur Condominium’s boundaries unclear Darfur region autonomous under Sultan Ali Dinar of the Keira dynasty
Darfur French pressure, Ali Dinar’s WWI alliance with Ottomans 1916: Darfur officially annexed to condominium
Conclusions Anglo-Egyptian Condominium – “joint” rule of Sudan Boer War – Motivated British to improve army – Led to establishment of apartheid South Africa
Conclusions Darfur – Context for present-day conflict Room change: after break, meet in CLUB 4
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