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What will we learn today? What will we learn today? 10.4.1 The rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism. 10.4.2 The locations of colonial.

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Presentation on theme: "What will we learn today? What will we learn today? 10.4.1 The rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism. 10.4.2 The locations of colonial."— Presentation transcript:

1 What will we learn today? What will we learn today? The rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism The locations of colonial rule of such nations as England, France, etc Imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized. Unit 4: Imperialism Pretend you are an imperialist who is setting out to conquer new land. Pick a place on the map to conquer and explain why.

2 Strategic location, good agriculture Strategic location to cut through Americas Natural resources, diamonds Natural resources, timber and rubber OIL Natural resources, stones, spices, and consumers Natural resources, coal, iron, minerals

3 Reflection  How did your group and other groups act when you were marking your territories?  Do you think this was a fair way to claim land?  If unclaimed land remains, who should get it?

4 11.1 The Scramble for Africa

5 Big Idea Ignoring the claims of African ethnic groups, kingdoms, and city-states, Europeans established colonies. African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100 years later.

6 Objectives  Describe Africa before European domination.  Summarize the motives of European colonizers and the factors that allowed them to control Africa.  Identify the three groups that clashed in South Africa.

7 Essential Question How did the Industrial Revolution lead to European colonization? What were the effects of colonization on Africa?

8 Imperialism A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.

9 Industrialization to Imperialism The Industrial Revolution pushed Europe to find more. resources to fuel their industries They competed for new markets and goods  Africa became the target. Colonial Powers seized vast areas of Africa during the 19 th and 20 centuries.

10 Check for Understanding What continent was a target for European imperialism?

11 Africa Before European Dominance The African People:  Ethnic groups – hundreds  Languages – there were more than a thousand  Religion – mainly traditional, also Islamic or Christian  Politically – large empires to small tribes

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13 Africa is a CONTINENT not a country… In case you forgot!

14 Europeans actually controlled very little African territory at the beginning of the 19 th century. Europeans actually controlled very little African territory at the beginning of the 19 th century.

15 Check for Understanding Is having thousands of languages going to help Africa defend itself or hurt it?

16 Check for Understanding What is Africa: country or continent?

17 Check for Understanding Why was most of the European territory on the coast?

18 Europeans saw Africa as an unoccupied land waiting to be taken. Myth of the “Dark Continent”

19 Europeans were unable to penetrate the interior of Africa because of disease and travel difficulties. Dr. David Livingstone and Henry Stanley Stanley – an American journalist found Livingstone and then charted the Congo King Leopold II of Belgium began to claim parts of the Congo through treaties made by Stanley. This began the land scramble.

20 Check for Understanding Was King Leopold II’s interest in Africa good or bad for native Africans?

21 “ I don't want to miss the chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent African cake. ” King Leopold II of Belgium Afric a

22 Congo

23 Soldiers in the Belgian Congo

24 Congo Rain Forest

25 Downtown Kinshasa

26 Do you agree with this statement: Successful people have earned their success through hard work.

27 Do you agree with this statement: I don’t feel bad that we killed all the Indians. Survival of the fittest, baby..

28 Social theory (based on Charles Darwin’s scientific theories) that said that those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and were considered superior to others.

29 Line up around the room according to your shirt color Blue shirts Green shirts Yellow shirts Red shirts Orange shirts Brown shirts Black shirts White shirts Social Darwinism Smartest and most evolved! Dumb and need the blue shirts help to educate and civilize you

30 Driving Forces of Imperialism European nations needed natural resources and markets for their goods to improve their economies. Belief in European Superiority: 1.National pride 2.Competition 3.Racism 4.Social Darwinism European nations needed natural resources and markets for their goods to improve their economies. Belief in European Superiority: 1.National pride 2.Competition 3.Racism 4.Social Darwinism

31 Check for Understanding What were the driving forces of imperialism?

32 Cecil Rhodes stated “I contend that we are the finest race in the world, and the more we inhabit the better it is for the human race.” De Beers Diamonds

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36 Check for Understanding Does it bother you, or will you still buy diamonds?

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38 T TT The Europeans believed that an empire was proof of a nation’s greatness. Each nation was determined to take as much territory as possible.

39 Check for Understanding In order to be a strong nation, you needed to have a large?

40 What is the author trying to say?

41 White Man’s Burden This idea that is the White Man’s duty to civilize the world’s “savages.” This was a justification for taking over foreign lands.

42 Check for Understanding Tell me the White Man’s Burden in your own words…

43 Check for Understanding Do you think that native populations should be forced to attend school, establish government, end brutal ceremonies, etc?

44 Reality

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46 White Man’s Burden Do you think that these country’s needed “help?” Do you think in the long run imperialism will help these countries? What is the persons perspective who made the video?

47 Machine gun – superior weaponry Steam engine: boats and trains – made travel easier Variety of language and culture – did not encourage unity amongst Africans Rivalry amongst ethnic groups – kept Africans from uniting against the Europeans Maxim gun

48 Check for Understanding Which of the four advantages do you think was most important?

49 The discovery of diamonds and gold caused countries to join in the land scramble Berlin Conference ( )- 14 European countries met to divide up African lands.  A country could land claim by notifying other countries and controlling the area  No African ruler was invited to attend

50 Check for Understanding What was decided at the Berlin Conference?

51 Check for Understanding How many representatives from Africa were at the Berlin Conference?

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53 Shaka ZuluA Zulu Family

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55 South Africa

56 West Coast National Park

57 Cape Town, South Africa

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62 Zulu Tribe

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64 Zulu Dance

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66 The Clash Over Africa Three groups mainly fought over Africa: Africans, Dutch and British – Europeans saw the lands as empty Local Wars in South Africa – (Zulus v. British) Shaka Zulu controlled a large centralized state. When he died the British invaded the Zulu nation and was defeated by their superior weaponry.

67 Check for Understanding What was the name of the African tribe that was most troublesome for the British to defeat?

68 Local Wars in South Africa Continued Boer Wars (Boers v. British) – Boers are Dutch farmers, also known as Afrikaners who settled in South Africa Diamonds and gold were discovered in S. Africa a rush of people came to get rich A rebellion broke out – the Boers blamed the British – This was the first “total” war Ultimately the British won the war

69 Check for Understanding How many representatives from Africa were at the Berlin Conference?

70 Check for Understanding Who won the Boer War?

71 Summary How did Industrialization lead to Imperialism?

72 Political Cartoon Draw a political cartoon representing the concept of Social Darwinism and White Man’s Burden

73 Assignment: European Imperialism in Africa

74 Name______________________Date___________ Per___

75 Who had the biggest piece of the “cake”?

76 Reminder Quiz next class on geography. Study your map!


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