Presentation on theme: "Unit 4: Imperialism What will we learn today? 10.4.1 The rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism. 10.4.2 The locations of colonial rule."— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 4: ImperialismWhat will we learn today? The rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism.The locations of colonial rule of such nations as England, France, etc.Imperialism from the perspective of the colonizers and the colonized.Pretend you are an imperialist who is setting out to conquer new land. Pick a place on the map to conquer and explain why.
2what should your group own? OILNatural resources, diamondsNatural resources, coal, iron, mineralsStrategic location, good agricultureNatural resources, stones, spices, and consumersStrategic location to cut through AmericasNatural resources, timber and rubber
3ReflectionHow did your group and other groups act when you were marking your territories?Do you think this was a fair way to claim land?If unclaimed land remains, who should get it?
5Big IdeaIgnoring the claims of African ethnic groups, kingdoms, and city-states, Europeans established colonies. African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100 years later.
6Objectives Describe Africa before European domination. Summarize the motives of European colonizers and the factors that allowed them to control Africa.Identify the three groups that clashed in South Africa.
7Essential QuestionHow did the Industrial Revolution lead to European colonization? What were the effects of colonization on Africa?
8ImperialismA policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.
9Industrialization to Imperialism The Industrial Revolution pushed Europe to find more. resources to fuel their industriesThey competed for new markets and goods Africa became the target.Colonial Powers seized vast areas of Africa during the 19th and 20 centuries.
10What continent was a target for European imperialism? Check for UnderstandingWhat continent was a target for European imperialism?
11Africa Before European Dominance The African People:Ethnic groups – hundredsLanguages – there were more than a thousandReligion – mainly traditional, also Islamic or ChristianPolitically – large empires to small tribes
13Africa is a CONTINENT not a country… In case you forgot!
14Europeans actually controlled very little African territory at the beginning of the 19th century.
15Check for Understanding Is having thousands of languages going to help Africa defend itself or hurt it?
16What is Africa: country or continent? Check for UnderstandingWhat is Africa: country or continent?
17Why was most of the European territory on the coast? Check for UnderstandingWhy was most of the European territory on the coast?
18Europeans saw Africa as an unoccupied land waiting to be taken. Myth of the “Dark Continent”
19The African CongoEuropeans were unable to penetrate the interior of Africa because of disease and travel difficulties.Dr. David Livingstone and Henry StanleyStanley – an American journalist found Livingstone and then charted the CongoKing Leopold II of Belgium began to claim parts of the Congo through treaties made by Stanley. This began the land scramble.
20Check for Understanding Was King Leopold II’s interest in Africa good or bad for native Africans?
21King Leopold II of Belgium “I don't want to miss the chance of getting us a slice of this magnificent African cake.”Africa
26Do you agree with this statement: Successful people have earned their success through hard work.
27Do you agree with this statement: I don’t feel bad that we killed all the Indians. Survival of the fittest, baby..
28SOCIAL DARWINISMSocial theory (based on Charles Darwin’s scientific theories) that said that those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and were considered superior to others.
29Line up around the room according to your shirt color Blue shirtsGreen shirtsYellow shirtsRed shirtsOrange shirtsBrown shirtsBlack shirtsWhite shirtsSmartest and most evolved!White Man'sBurdenSocial DarwinismDumb and need the blue shirts help to educate and civilize you
30Driving Forces of Imperialism European nations needed natural resources and markets for their goods to improve their economies.Belief in European Superiority:National prideCompetitionRacismSocial Darwinism
31What were the driving forces of imperialism? Check for UnderstandingWhat were the driving forces of imperialism?
32RACIST ATTITUDESCecil Rhodes stated “I contend that we are the finest race in the world, and the more we inhabit the better it is for the human race.”De Beers Diamonds
46White Man’s Burden Do you think that these country’s needed “help?” Do you think in the long run imperialism will help these countries?What is the persons perspective who made the video?
47European Advantages Machine gun – superior weaponry Steam engine: boats and trains – made travel easierVariety of language and culture – did not encourage unity amongst AfricansRivalry amongst ethnic groups – kept Africans from uniting against the EuropeansMaxim gun
48Check for Understanding Which of the four advantages do you think was most important?
49The Division of AfricaThe discovery of diamonds and gold caused countries to join in the land scrambleBerlin Conference ( )- 14 European countries met to divide up African lands.A country could land claim by notifying other countries and controlling the areaNo African ruler was invited to attend
50Check for Understanding What was decided at the Berlin Conference?
51Check for Understanding How many representatives from Africa were at the Berlin Conference?
66The Clash Over AfricaThree groups mainly fought over Africa: Africans, Dutch and BritishEuropeans saw the lands as emptyLocal Wars in South Africa(Zulus v. British)Shaka Zulu controlled a large centralized state. When he died the British invaded the Zulu nation and was defeated by their superior weaponry.
67Check for Understanding What was the name of the African tribe that was most troublesome for the British to defeat?
68Local Wars in South Africa Continued Boer Wars (Boers v. British)Boers are Dutch farmers, also known as Afrikaners who settled in South AfricaDiamonds and gold were discovered in S. Africa a rush of people came to get richA rebellion broke out – the Boers blamed the BritishThis was the first “total” warUltimately the British won the war
69Check for Understanding How many representatives from Africa were at the Berlin Conference?