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Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 1880-1914.

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Presentation on theme: "Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 1880-1914."— Presentation transcript:


2 Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 1880-1914

3 Define the following to the best of your ability: Imperialism Colonialism Artist: New Colony Six Location: Chicago Song: Don’t you think it’s time you stopped crying

4 The World in 1900: 5 benefits

5 European Investments

6 Causes of Imperialism: 1)Agricultural Revolution 2)Industrial Revolution 3)Nationalism Explain… Also: 4) Social Darwinism

7 Causes of Imperialism: 1) Agricultural Revolution a) more food = more people b) more people need more space to live 2) Industrial Revolution a) need more and more natural resources to use in factories b) need new supplies of labor to keep wages low c) need to find new markets of people to buy products 3) Nationalism a) countries prove their greatness by acquiring colonies b) countries compete with each other to get more colonies 4) Social Darwinism a) strong countries should rule over weak countries b) spread Western Civilization

8 European Imperialism in Asia Crash Course in Imperialism (Minute 0-4) Crash Course in Imperialism (Minute 0-4) China – Potentially huge market – Closed to European trade until 1800s – Opium War (1840) – “Spheres of influence” – Chinese monarchy seriously weakened

9 Dowager Empress Tzu Hsi

10 Opium War, 1840

11 Opium War effects Treaty of Nanjing – Britain given Hong Kong – Extraterritorial Rights Taiping Rebellion Empress Cixi self-strengthening movement China Carved into Spheres of Influence – Open Door Policy Boxer Rebellion




15 Spheres of Influence in China

16 Missionary Activity in China

17 Reaction to Imperialism Rise of Nationalist Movements – India – China

18 “Take up the White Man’s Burden – Send forth the best ye breed – Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness On fluttered folk and wild – Your new caught, sullen peoples Half devil and half-child.” Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book, was an Anglo-Indian – an Englishman who was born in India. His ideas about imperialism can be seen in a poem he wrote in 1889, called The White Man’s Burden:

19 The White Man’s Burden was the idea that Europeans had to conquer the rest of the world, to spread the benefits of Western Civilization. This was supposed to help them…

20 Imperialism in India Fall of Mughal Empire- Controlled by British East India Company (“Jewel in the Crown”) Negative Impacts – Loss of self-sufficiency – Cash crops leads to famine – Indian companies go out of business – Loss of traditional culture Positive Impacts – Industrialization – Education – Sanitation

21 Mahatma Gandhi was born in India around the same time as Rudyard Kipling. Gandhi lived in India and Africa and studied law in England, but he had different ideas about imperialism. Reporter: “What do you think about Western Civilization?” Gandhi: “I think it would be a good idea!” Gandhi led India to independence from England through nonviolent resistance.

22 Gandhi and others thought that Europeans were just talking about helping the people they conquered. The West wasn’t really civilized. It was brutally conquering the entire world and taking foreign countries’ natural resources.

23 Mohandas Gandhi

24 Boxer Rebellion

25 Southeast Asia PowerLands ClaimedMajor Trade Products DutchJava, Sumatra, Borneo, Bali Oil, Tin, rubber BritishMalaysia, BurmaTin, Rubber FrenchVietnam, Laos, Cambodia Rice AmericansPhilippines, Hawaii Sugar, Bananas, Pineapples

26 Sun-Yat Sen

27 British Empire- Horrible Histories “The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire”Horrible Histories

28 Cecil Rhodes



31 Map_22.05.jpg

32 Map_22.06.jpg

33 Scramble for Africa 1882- King Leopold II of Belgium claims the Congo – Claims to end slavery 1880- Scramble for Africa begins Berlin Conference in 1884-85 – Africa divided with little thought to how African ethnic or linguistic groups were distributed By 1914 only Liberia and Ethiopia remained free from European control

34 King Leopold

35 Scramble for Africa

36 Berlin Conference

37 Africa 1914

38 African Conflicts South Africa – 1816- Shaka Zulu – Boers and the Great Trek – Boer War 1899-1902 Ethiopia – Menelik II – Battle of Adowa- Ethiopians defeat Italians

39 Shaka Zulu

40 Menelik II

41 “Heart of Darkness”

42 Impacts on Africa Positive – Reduced Local Warfare – Improved Sanitation – Life Span and Literacy Rates Increased Negative – Loss of land and independence – Breakdown of traditional culture – Division of Continent

43 The United States and Possessions


45 Cartoon of Spanish-American War

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