Essential Question What is Imperialism and how is Nationalism involved in it?
Imperialism A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially. Colony Protectorate Sphere of Influence Economic Imperialism
Imperialism Used for plunder, tribute, and glory 19 th Century more about capitalistic expansion Long-term capital off land and people Resources from land Also use free or cheap labor!
Age of Imperialism 1870-1914 Mid 1800’s Britain Most powerful nation Germany staring to become a power Challenge economically and military Other Key Players in Europe: France Russia Italy USA and Japan also started expanding America into Latin America Japan (Later lesson)
Cont. The race for colonies grew out of a strong sense of national pride as well as from economic competition. Felt technological advanced were proof of superiority Right and duty to share progress Europeans altered the way of life on every continent
Causes Industrial Revolution European Nationalism Social Darwinism Racism Slave Trade in Africa
Immediate Effects Exploitation of Colonial Resources Collapse Local Economics Inhumane treatment of Local Population Increase European Conflicts Spread of Christianity
Long Range Effects Breakdown of Traditional Culture Spread of European: Technology Culture Values 3 rd World Debt Improved Healthcare and Education Ethnic Conflicts Artificial Boundaries
Why Africa? Resources Diamonds Gold Coal Slaves Land
Sequence of Events Slave Trade Weakens Africa Racism Exploration of Africa King Leopold II sent ambassadors to Congo Started the Scramble for Africa Nations claiming parts of Africa Colonization People begin living there
Berlin Conference (1885) 6 Countries carved up Africa (1884) Laid Down rules No slave trade No interference
Racism Racism was a major part of Imperialism and Colonialism For Britain and America Justification for taking of lands and resources
“White Man’s Burden”- Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden, Send forth the best ye breed Go bind your sons to exile, to serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half- devil and half-child. Take up the White Man's burden, The savage wars of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest The end for others sought, Watch sloth and heathen folly bring all your hopes to nought. Take up the White Man's burden, In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain To seek another's profit, And work another's gain.
Discussion What did he mean by “The White Man’s Burden”? What does the phrase “Watch sloth and heathen folly bring all your hopes to nought.” mean?