Presentation on theme: "Scramble for Africa Review. Friendly Reminders Read chapter 33 Imperialism Jigsaw Discussion on Thursday 1.Foundations of Empire 2.European Imperialism."— Presentation transcript:
Friendly Reminders Read chapter 33 Imperialism Jigsaw Discussion on Thursday 1.Foundations of Empire 2.European Imperialism 3.Emergence of New Imperial Powers 4.Legacies of Imperialism Harkness Table on Friday Unit 5 Test next Wed ( take notes on concept outline), can use on test Fill out a Yahoo tourney bracket ( 20 pts for playing, 20 additional for beating the champ) Id 51935
What were the motives for Imperialism? “Social Darwinism”, Racism Economics motives ( raw materials, new markets) “Stealing is cheaper than dealing” Nationalism Humanitarian/ religious motives. “White Man’s Burden” to look after their “Brown Brothers”
What happened at the Berlin Conference in 1884? Otto von Bismarck hosted a conference in which 12 European powers set up rules for colonizing Africa. No African countries were present!
What problems did the partition of African create for Africans? African tribes were often cut in ½ between 2 colonies controlled by 2 different European nations Sometimes rival tribes were put together in the same colonies ( Hutus & Tutsis) Europeans did not pay attention to African culture or history
How did the Africans respond to European imperialism? Most tribes responded violently or rebelled! Some reluctantly accepted European Rule Some Africans fully cooperated with the Europeans Ethiopia was the only African nation to successfully ward off Italy in the Battle of Adwa in 1896
What is the significance of this cartoon? Cecil Rhodes British Imperialist “From Capetown to Cairo”
What were the negative aspects of European Imperialism? Violence, wars Exploitation of raw materials Genocide in the Belgian Congo ( millions of Congolese were murdered by King Leopold regime) No sovereignty for Africans
Were there any positives to European imperialism? Yes! Added Infastructure: dams, railroads, roads, schools, telegraph communication lines
Who said, “We are the finest race in the world and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race”? A.Simón Bolívar B.Theodore Roosevelt C.Ito Hirobumi D.Cecil Rhodes E.Otto von Bismarck
The most important figures in the uprising in 1857 in India were A.Russian military officials looking for an advantage in the Great Game. B. disgruntled sepoy troops. C. French agents working to cause unrest in an important British colony. D. the representatives of the Indian National Congress. E.American soldiers looking for an excuse to pry India away from British control.
What methods did the Europeans use to rule Africa? Direct Rule- replaced African rulers with their own. Europeans set laws, taxa codes etc. Indirect Rule- worked with current leaders ( British Used Indirect rule)
The Monroe Doctrine A.ensured that neither the Europeans nor the Americans would ever interfere in western hemispheric affairs. B. opened Japan to U.S. trade. C.gave the British an inroad into New Zealand. D.worked as a justification for U.S. intervention in western hemispheric affairs. E. handed the Philippines over to the United States
The social Darwinists believed that A.sharp distinction had to be made between the biological and social worlds. B.only a socialist political and social structure would keep humans from destroying themselves. C. more powerful nations had to protect weaker nations. D. powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker societies. E. human beings had reached the point at which competition among nations was no longer necessary.
The chief victim of late nineteenth-century European imperialistic expansion was A.South America. B.Oceania. C.Africa. D.central Asia. E.southern Asia.
The Berlin Conference A.set up a timetable for decolonization in Africa. B.devised the ground rules for the European colonization of Africa. C.ended the Crimean War. D.established the Triple Alliance. E.legitimized the German colonization of the Marshall Islands.
Which matching of imperial power and colony is not correct A.England and New Zealand B.Germany and the Marshall Islands C.Dutch and Indonesia D.United States and Fiji E.France and Tahiti
The United States occupied Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines after its victory in A.World War I. B.the Opium War. C.the War of 1812. D.the Filipino Civil War. E.the Spanish-American War.
Emilio Aguinaldo led an uprising in A.Mexico against the Spanish. B.Fiji against the British. C.Indonesia against the Dutch. D.the Philippines against the United States. E.Brazil against the Portuguese.