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CHAPTER 23 The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, 1870-1914 The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 23 The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, 1870-1914 The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 23 The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, The West Encounters and Transformations Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007

2 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. Scientific Transformations II. Cultural Crisis: The Fin-de-Siècle and the Birth of Modernism III. The New Imperialism

3 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. Scientific Transformations A. Medicine and Health Urbanization Cholera Sanitation Improvements Sewage and water systems Louis Pasteur ( ) Vaccines: anthrax, rabies Pasteurization Robert Koch ( ) Anesthetics Chloroform B. Evolutionary Science Charles Lyell ( ) Principles of Geology, 1830 Charles Darwin ( ) H.M.S. Beagle Thomas Malthus' influence The Origin of Species, 1859 The Descent of Man, 1871 Gregor Mendel ( ) Genetics Hugo DeVries ( ) C. Social Darwinism and Race Herbert Spencer ( ) Survival of the fittest Rider Haggard She, 1887 Ernst Haeckel ( ) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck ( )

4 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. Scientific Transformations D. Physics X rays, 1895 Marie Curie ( ) Max Planck ( ) quanta Albert Einstein ( ) E. Social Thought: The Revolt Against Positivism Gustave LeBon ( ) Crowd mentality Max Weber ( ) Sigmund Freud ( ) The Interpretation of Dreams, 1900

5 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Cultural Crisis: The Fin-de-Siècle and the Birth of Modernism A. The Fin-de-Siècle Émile Zola ( ) Nana, 1880 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, 1886 Dracula, 1897 Friedrich Nietzsche ( ) B. Gender Feminism Homosexuality Legislation Britain, 1885 C. Modernism Havelock Ellis ( ) Gustave Klimt ( ) Medicine, 1901 Egon Schiele ( ) Black-Haired Girl with Raised Skirt, 1911 Dead Mother Oscar Wilde ( ) Igor Stravinsky ( ) The Rite of Spring, 1913 Arnold Schoenberg ( ) Five Orchestral Pieces, 1909 Cubists Pablo Picasso ( ) Expressionists Egon Schiele Wassily Kandinsky ( )

6 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. Cultural Crisis: The Fin-de-Siècle and the Birth of Modernism D. Popular Religions and Secularism Emile Durkheim ( ) Pope Pius IX ( ) Syllabus of Errors, 1864

7 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism A. Changes New Ideas "Civilization" Christian missions David Livingstone ( ) Lord Milner ( Rudyard Kipling ( ) White Man's Burden Fauves, Paris Henri Matisse ( ) Paul Gauguin ( ) Changing Attitudes J.A. Hobson ( ) William Gladstone ( )

8 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism B. The Scramble for Africa 1875, 11% under European control 1906, 90% 30 new colonies, Obstacles disease, weather Innovations: steamship quinine breech-loading rifles Leopold II ( ) Congo

9 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism (B. The Scramble for Africa) Resistance Ethiopia Italian defeat at Adowa, 1896 Dahomey Defeated by French, 1892 Samori Ture ( ) West Africa Defeated by French, 1898

10 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism C. Asia French Indochina

11 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism C. Asia French Indochina D. Other World Areas United States War with Mexico, 1846 Transcontinental Railroad, 1869 Crazy Horse George Custer Little Bighorn, 1876 Commodore Perry Japan, 1853 Australia Aborigine massacres Russia Siberia Trans-Siberian railway, 1890's Russo-Japanese War, 1904

12 Chapter 23: The West and the World: Cultural Crisis and the New Imperialism, Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. The New Imperialism D. Other World Areas Japanese Expansion Meiji Restoration, 1889 Emperor Mutsuhito ( ) Modernization Taiwan and Korea, 1904 China Sino-Japanese War, "Open Door" policy Boxer Rebellion Defeated by western powers E. The Boer War, Dutch Settlers, Boers Transvaal, Orange Free State Discovery of gold, diamonds, 1886 Britain involved


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