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Third Africa Liberation Day Symposium in 2012 Mammo Muchie SARChI, Tshwane University of Technology, DIR, Aalborg University & SLPMTD, Oxford University,

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Presentation on theme: "Third Africa Liberation Day Symposium in 2012 Mammo Muchie SARChI, Tshwane University of Technology, DIR, Aalborg University & SLPMTD, Oxford University,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Third Africa Liberation Day Symposium in 2012 Mammo Muchie SARChI, Tshwane University of Technology, DIR, Aalborg University & SLPMTD, Oxford University, UK 20 May, 2013

2 OVERVIEW Inspiration Inspiration From the First to the Second Africa Liberation Day? From the First to the Second Africa Liberation Day? OAU/AU Jubilee OAU/AU Jubilee Where is Africa now? Where is Africa now? Do Africans know where they are? Do Africans know where they are? Do they know where they are going? Do they know where they are going? Concluding with Inspiration Concluding with Inspiration Some Useful Links Some Useful Links

3 First Scramble for Africa Conference May 25, 2011:We started dealing with The Scramble for Africa:Perhaps we should have started from slavery earlier May 25, 2011:We started dealing with The Scramble for Africa:Perhaps we should have started from slavery earlier In Tshwane with collaboration:(AISA, SARChI-TUT, NRF,, TAMLI, DISTONG, STAT South Africa and others joined the team) In Tshwane with collaboration:(AISA, SARChI-TUT, NRF,, TAMLI, DISTONG, STAT South Africa and others joined the team) It was inclusive with both Diaspora and Home participation It was inclusive with both Diaspora and Home participation Participation of African Governments in the Expo Participation of African Governments in the Expo Tshawne Declaration I & II an outcome Tshawne Declaration I & II an outcome Books every year: the first is the Africana World: From Fragmentation to Unity and Renaissance, and the 2nd book on Ten Years After the AU.. Books every year: the first is the Africana World: From Fragmentation to Unity and Renaissance, and the 2nd book on Ten Years After the AU.. Networking Networking Friendship, brotherhood and sisterhood, the ubuntu spirit critically important to enrich and apply to change Africa’s problems into opportunities! Friendship, brotherhood and sisterhood, the ubuntu spirit critically important to enrich and apply to change Africa’s problems into opportunities!

4 THIRD Scramble forAfrica We chose African liberation Month to address the challenges of continued scramble for Africa and to oppose it too! We chose African liberation Month to address the challenges of continued scramble for Africa and to oppose it too! The spirit of the Africa Liberation must live on The spirit of the Africa Liberation must live on We hope the series of conferences will continue We hope the series of conferences will continue Our team spirit must grow Our team spirit must grow The opportunity to make Africa the champion with liberation against any form of coloniality must increase The opportunity to make Africa the champion with liberation against any form of coloniality must increase The space is open for all of you to contribute all you can The space is open for all of you to contribute all you can Above all build strong and trustful networking that endures with hard work as fun! Above all build strong and trustful networking that endures with hard work as fun! So we can continue to implement the Africa for African liberation agenda with continuity So we can continue to implement the Africa for African liberation agenda with continuity

5 2013 Must Be the African Liberation Education Year? The spirit of the First and 2nd Africa Liberation must live on The spirit of the First and 2nd Africa Liberation must live on Must build a 5-10 years plan for vast education Must build a 5-10 years plan for vast education The declaration must be fed into the OAU/AU Jubilee Summit The declaration must be fed into the OAU/AU Jubilee Summit Work very hard to produce what to communicate Work very hard to produce what to communicate We have to contribute in creating the opportunity to make Africa end all varieties of coloniality, scrambles and turn to be a true the champion with confidence and self-worth liberation We have to contribute in creating the opportunity to make Africa end all varieties of coloniality, scrambles and turn to be a true the champion with confidence and self-worth liberation The space is open for all of you to contribute all you can The space is open for all of you to contribute all you can Above all use this time here to build strong and trustful networking that endures with hard work as fun! Above all use this time here to build strong and trustful networking that endures with hard work as fun! So we can continue to contribute effectively to building Africa’s free future and agency together to go far with success So we can continue to contribute effectively to building Africa’s free future and agency together to go far with success

6 Where is Africa now:Looking back to look ahead? Over 500 years of Slavery: negative historical data Over 500 years of Slavery: negative historical data 128 years of the Scramble for Africa…the division from that time still unrectified 128 years of the Scramble for Africa…the division from that time still unrectified OAU 50 years OAU 50 years 101 years of ANC, the first liberation movement in Africa 101 years of ANC, the first liberation movement in Africa 113 years of the Pan-African Congresses 113 years of the Pan-African Congresses 117 years of the Ethiopian Adwa Victory as the African Victory over empire! 117 years of the Ethiopian Adwa Victory as the African Victory over empire! Eleven Years of the Africa Union Eleven Years of the Africa Union Still African disunity remains a big obstacle to build a free and dignified future. Still African disunity remains a big obstacle to build a free and dignified future.

7 We still have challenges in Africa We still have challenges in Africa Slavery formally has ended Slavery formally has ended Colonialism formally has ended Colonialism formally has ended Apartheid formally has ended Apartheid formally has ended Divide and rule continues under different guises Divide and rule continues under different guises Imperial competition to grab African resources is on now Imperial competition to grab African resources is on now Neo-colonialism still a danger Neo-colonialism still a danger Re-colonialisation is also a danger (e.g. Libya and Mali, possibly others!) Re-colonialisation is also a danger (e.g. Libya and Mali, possibly others!) Above all the colonial imagination is pervasive! Above all the colonial imagination is pervasive! Post-coloniality is still waiting to be made Post-coloniality is still waiting to be made

8 What Africa needs now… To overcoming colonial imagination for good To overcoming colonial imagination for good African post-coloniality must be a reality African post-coloniality must be a reality Bringing back a confindent African imagination Bringing back a confindent African imagination A free African sustainable and de-colonised future A free African sustainable and de-colonised future The African logocentric imagination to defeat the colonial mentality that the econcentric choice by the existing divided states continues to recreate The African logocentric imagination to defeat the colonial mentality that the econcentric choice by the existing divided states continues to recreate Celebrate African unity and similarity to overcome disunity by appreciating any differences Celebrate African unity and similarity to overcome disunity by appreciating any differences Let us all create the African future by making it, and not talking it and doing disunity! Let us all create the African future by making it, and not talking it and doing disunity!

9 Threats to African Unity Po or social capital that makes finance, physical and other capitals to disrupt social cohesion Po or social capital that makes finance, physical and other capitals to disrupt social cohesion Lack of adequate capital of the mind or human capital: the gold in the head needs to excavate the gold in the mines! Lack of adequate capital of the mind or human capital: the gold in the head needs to excavate the gold in the mines! Prevalaence of donor-prenurship Prevalaence of donor-prenurship Rent-seeking- prenurship Rent-seeking- prenurship Tender-prenurship Tender-prenurship

10 Create NewAfrican Integrated Road? Create NewAfrican Integrated Road? An ability to integrate the various state and economic policies to inform an integrated African development agenda that centres on making sure an African developing horizontally inter-linked economy is made fully and not as it is currently practised by retaining the vertical links external to Africa based on exporting raw materials. An ability to integrate the various state and economic policies to inform an integrated African development agenda that centres on making sure an African developing horizontally inter-linked economy is made fully and not as it is currently practised by retaining the vertical links external to Africa based on exporting raw materials.

11 Building unity in fragmented 53, states caught in prisoners dilemma situation today Do the RECs prevent re- penetration? Any chances for Building unity through AU,NEPAD,RECs levels? Locally embedded institutions rather than the donor driven ones we have today Africa First as the driver to forging consistent approach to a united Africa Unity by Accepting the Fragmentary current logic Removing the fragmentation of the RECs United politics & economics Africa may not remove the danger of re- penetration Integrated Africa in all aspects !

12 Concluding With Inspiration “Africa for the Africans...No one knows when the hour of Africa’s redemption comesth. It is in the wind. It is coming.. One day, like a storm, it will be here. When that day comes all of Africa will stand together.” Marcus Garvey “Africa for the Africans...No one knows when the hour of Africa’s redemption comesth. It is in the wind. It is coming.. One day, like a storm, it will be here. When that day comes all of Africa will stand together.” Marcus Garvey “How good and pleasant it it would be;Before God and man, yeah; to see the unification of al Africa, yeah” Bob Marley “How good and pleasant it it would be;Before God and man, yeah; to see the unification of al Africa, yeah” Bob Marley

13 Conclusion with Inspiration ”What we require is a single African organisation through which Africa’s single voice may be heard, within which Africa’s problems may be studied and resolved.” Haile Selassie, Ethiopia, 1963 ”What we require is a single African organisation through which Africa’s single voice may be heard, within which Africa’s problems may be studied and resolved.” Haile Selassie, Ethiopia, 1963 ”To free the people still under colonial rule, let us all accept to die a little or even completely so that’ African unity’ doesn’t become mere words.” Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria, 1963 ”To free the people still under colonial rule, let us all accept to die a little or even completely so that’ African unity’ doesn’t become mere words.” Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria, 1963 ”The people of Africa call for the breaking of the boundaries that keep them apart. We all want a united Africa, united not only in our concept of what unity connotes, but united in our common desire to move forward together in dealing with all problems that can be solved only at an Africa level” Kwame Nkrumah, 1963 ”The people of Africa call for the breaking of the boundaries that keep them apart. We all want a united Africa, united not only in our concept of what unity connotes, but united in our common desire to move forward together in dealing with all problems that can be solved only at an Africa level” Kwame Nkrumah, 1963 “ It is better we face the problems of Africa as Africa. For our history of being pushed around is an African history, and our strength to stop this is an African strength.” “ Julius K. Neyerere, 21 August, 1972 “ It is better we face the problems of Africa as Africa. For our history of being pushed around is an African history, and our strength to stop this is an African strength.” “ Julius K. Neyerere, 21 August, 1972

14 Inspiration ”The Consciousness of self is not the closing of a door to communication. Phiolsophic thought teaches us, on the contrary, that it is its gurantee.” Franz Fanon ”The Consciousness of self is not the closing of a door to communication. Phiolsophic thought teaches us, on the contrary, that it is its gurantee.” Franz Fanon ”Had I more than one life to live I would spend it for Africa”(George Padmore), Trinidadian Pan-Africanist who joined Ghana’s first Independent Government after 1957 ”Had I more than one life to live I would spend it for Africa”(George Padmore), Trinidadian Pan-Africanist who joined Ghana’s first Independent Government after 1957 ’This is Africa’s age. This is the dawn of her fulfillment- the beginning of her climb to sublimity’(Albert Luthuli, South African Zulu Chief) ’This is Africa’s age. This is the dawn of her fulfillment- the beginning of her climb to sublimity’(Albert Luthuli, South African Zulu Chief) ’The commitment to Africa is a love thing. And a love thing can only come from the heart’ (Steve Wonder) ’The commitment to Africa is a love thing. And a love thing can only come from the heart’ (Steve Wonder) I say Africa must unite with a big-bang even if the heavens fall! I say Africa must unite with a big-bang even if the heavens fall!

15 The Last Word “This is my plea to the new generation of African leaders and African peoples: work for unity with firm conviction that without unity there is no future for Africa…I reject the glorification of the nation-state, which we have inherited from colonialism, and the artificial nations we are trying to forge from that inheritance. We are all Africans trying to be Ghanaians or Tanzanians. Fortunately for Africa we have not been completely successful…Unity will not make us rich, but it can make it difficult for Africa and the African peoples to be disregarded and humiliated. And it will therefore increase the effectiveness of the decisions we make and try to implement for our development. My generation led Africa to political freedom. The current generation of leaders and peoples of Africa must pick up the flickering torch of African freedom, refuel it with their enthusiasm and determination, and carry it forward.” Julius Nyerere, First president of Tanzania “This is my plea to the new generation of African leaders and African peoples: work for unity with firm conviction that without unity there is no future for Africa…I reject the glorification of the nation-state, which we have inherited from colonialism, and the artificial nations we are trying to forge from that inheritance. We are all Africans trying to be Ghanaians or Tanzanians. Fortunately for Africa we have not been completely successful…Unity will not make us rich, but it can make it difficult for Africa and the African peoples to be disregarded and humiliated. And it will therefore increase the effectiveness of the decisions we make and try to implement for our development. My generation led Africa to political freedom. The current generation of leaders and peoples of Africa must pick up the flickering torch of African freedom, refuel it with their enthusiasm and determination, and carry it forward.” Julius Nyerere, First president of Tanzania

16 Wishing us all a productive engagement The future is not some place we are going, but one we are creating. The paths to it are not found but made, and the activity of making them changes both the makers and the destination.” (John Schaar) The future is not some place we are going, but one we are creating. The paths to it are not found but made, and the activity of making them changes both the makers and the destination.” (John Schaar) Speed in the fragmented direction is not relevant in Africa Speed in the fragmented direction is not relevant in Africa Speed in the integrated direction is necessary and waiting to be made Speed in the integrated direction is necessary and waiting to be made If not unity now, when? If not unity now, when?

17 For your information: Join the cause p/adwa.htm p/adwa.htmCauses 1. can-make-africas-free-and-bright-future can-make-africas-free-and-bright-future can-make-africas-free-and-bright-future 2. unity-education-month/about unity-education-month/about unity-education-month/about

18 ASANTE SANA Amsegenalehu and wishing you all a highly productive engagement for Africa in the next two days! Amsegenalehu and wishing you all a highly productive engagement for Africa in the next two days! Hard work with fun and networking with unbuntu spirit of brotherhood and sisterhood! Hard work with fun and networking with unbuntu spirit of brotherhood and sisterhood!


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