Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Imperialism Colonization Colony Protectorate
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Sepoy Mutiny Confucianism Boxer (rebellion)
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Indemnity Extrater- ritoriality Sphere of Influence raj
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Direct rule Indirect rule Assimilation Social Darwinism
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Paternalism Economic Imperialism Sutteemissionary
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Viceroy Open Door Policy Boer Berlin Conference
Unit 3 Vocabulary terms Scramble for Africa Exploit Jewel in the crown modernize
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions imperialism The extension of political power over another nation for the economic or political benefit of the dominant nation. colonization same as imperialism; to dominate another land politically & economically for the benefit of the colonizer. colony a land or region that is conquered by a dominant country, usually for political/economic reasons and for its natural resources. protectorate a country that is defended & controlled by an outside power.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions sepoy an Indian soldier mutiny rebellion against leadership; the sepoys rebelled against british control in India (the Sepoy Mutiny). Confucianism relating to the teachings of Confucius (Chinese philosopher), emphasizes self- control, social hierarchy, loyalty to family (filial piety) and social and political order Boxer (rebellion) boxer-a member of the Chinese organization “Society of the Harmonious Fists”; pushed for removal of all foreigners from China. Boxer Rebellion—a violent rebellion led by Boxers which was easily put down by a coalition of foreign imperial powers. Motto-- “Kill the foreign devil”.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions indemnity damages paid for committing a wrongdoing; reparations. extraterritoriality a policy of immunity granted to foreigners within China’s borders; Sphere of influence an area or region that is exclusively set aside for an outside country’s trade interests. Type of Imperialism imposed on China. raj A period of time (1757-1947) when Britian directly ruled the Indian subcontinent, now the countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Resulted from the Sepoy Mutiny.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions Direct rule method of imperial control where foreigners hold political office and govern a colonized land. Indirect rule method of imperial control where local leaders hold political office and make government decisions based on the desires of the colonizing country. assimilation the process of adopting the culture, values and practices of the dominant country, usually at the expense of one’s own cultural identity. Social Darwinism a social philosophy which applies Darwin’s scientific theories of “survival of the fittest” to justify the conquest of countries that were less technologically advanced; also used to help wealthy people not feel guilty amidst economic suffering of many.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions paternalism a practice of taking care of the needs of a colonized people without giving the people any responsibility for themselves. Economic imperialism the domination of a country’s economic resources through business investments rather than through government control. suttee a traditional Indian practice of ritual suicide where an Indian widow threw herself on the funeral pyre of her dead husband— outlawed by British government. missionary a religious person who travels to foreign lands to spread the gospel and convert non-believers; usually Christians. Missionaries were often the first arrivers to lands that were later colonized.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions viceroy a political title for the governor of a colony. Open Door Policy introduced by American diplomat, John Hay—it established spheres of influence in China which allowed numerous foreign powers to benefit from trade with China; it prevented war and protected China from a fate similar to Africa’s. Boer a Dutch farmer; early settlers in South Africa who influenced the experience of imperialism in this country. Berlin Conference 1884-85: meetings of 14 European nations to determine the division of Africa. Imposed unnatural boundaries based on natural resources with no regard to ethnic/language groups or existing empires; Africans were not represented. Prevented war.
Unit 3 Vocabulary definitions Scramble for Africa The race among European nations to claim all the lands of Africa for their own empires. Led to the Berlin Conference. exploit to take selfish or unfair advantage of; to use. Jewel in the crown Nickname given to India because it was the wealthiest and most prized land of the British Empire modernize to transform to a more industrial economy. To get rid of pre- industrial traditions. To conform to more modern standards.