Presentation on theme: "Outbreak of WWI and the Major Developments Following"— Presentation transcript:
1Outbreak of WWI and the Major Developments Following SS6H6d and SS6H7a
2Essential Question: How did World War I change Europe and the world?
3Scramble for AfricaGreat Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Netherlands – divided Africa among themselvesWhy ?Natural resourcesGold, diamonds, oilPoliticsNational pride (more colonies = more status)WorldviewDesire to “civilize“ and Christianize Africa
4Scramble for AsiaEurope changed from Asia’s trading partner to Asia’s conquerorBritish took IndiaFrench took Vietnam
5Activating StrategyStudents work in pairs to compare the map of Europe in 1914 to the map of Europe in 1919.
6Based on our activating strategy, we know there were significant changes in Europe following What happened?
8Standards:SS6H7a.Describe major developments following World War I: the Russian Revolution, the Treaty of Versailles, worldwide depression, and the rise of NazismSS6H6d. Explain the impact of European building in Africa and Asia on the outbreak of WWI.
9Causes of World War I"The Great War was without precedent ... never had so many nations taken up arms at a single time. Never had the battlefield been so vast…never had the fighting been so gruesome..."9
10Causes of World War I Activity Students work in groups to analyze political cartoons to determine the causes of World War I.10
12Causes of World War IMilitarism – building up armed forces, getting ready for warAlliances – agreements or promises to defend and help another countryImperialism – trying to build up an empire (powerful country that controls several less powerful countriesNationalism – having pride in your country, willing to defend itAfter introducing the MAIN causes of WWI, have students go back and identify which political cartoon illustrates each concept.
13MilitarismCountries had built strong armies and navies to defend their own countries and their colonies. Tensions built as countries watched each other build up military power.
14Can you think of any recent examples of militarism?
15AlliancesEuropean countries had joined alliances to better protect themselves. If one member was attacked, the others were obligated to help that country.15
16How could Germany’s location in Europe be a problem for them?
17To solve its problem, Germany and other countries formed alliances. Germany’s problem was that it was in the middle of Europe. Being in the middle made it vulnerable if it came to war.To solve its problem, Germany and other countries formed alliances.
18By 1914, Europe was divided into two massive alliances.
19Distributed Summarizing With a seat partner, discuss a time in your life when an alliance (with a friend, family member, or someone else) has caused problems.
20ImperialismRivalries developed as countries tried to grab colonies. Conflicts had occurred over control of colonies in Africa and Asia. European countries resented and distrusted each other.20
21NationalismPride in one’s country; nations sought their own interests over others. Many groups wanted to be free from the control of other nations.21
23The events that followed… Austria-Hungary declared war on SerbiaBecause of the assignation of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June of 1914 by a Serbian, the emperor of Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
24The events that followed… Russia sent troops to defend SerbiaAustria-Hungary declared war on SerbiaRussia sent troops to defend Serbia because Russia had a treaty with Serbia. Russia supported Serbia because they were both of a similar ethnic backgrounds.
25The events that followed… Germany declared war on RussiaRussia sent troops to defend SerbiaAustria-Hungary declared war on SerbiaSince Germany had a treaty with Austria- Hungary, Germany declared war on Russia.
26The events that followed… Germany declared war on FranceGermany declared war on RussiaRussia sent troops to defend SerbiaAustria-Hungary declared war on SerbiaFrance had a treaty with Russia so Germany declared war against France.
27The events that followed… And so the war begins!Germany declared war on FranceGermany declared war on RussiaRussia sent troops to defend SerbiaAustria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
28The Central powers The Allied Powers Austria-Hungary Germany Turkey (Ottoman Empire)The Allied PowersRussia France United Kingdom Italy United States
36Romanov FamilyCzar Nicolas II last czar of Russia and his wife Alexandra(Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei)
37Alexei (son)Alexei suffered from hemophilia (lack of clotting in the blood). His illness wasa state secret. His great-grandmother was Queen Victoria of Great Britain.
38Why did the Russian Revolution occur? For many years before World War I, Russian citizens had suffered under the rule of Tsar (leader) Nicholas II.The ruling class held the country’s wealth, and the people barely had enough food to eat.Russia fought on the side of the Allies in World War I and suffered terrible losses.By 1917, Russians were tired of food shortages, freezing from coal shortages, and exhausted by war.
39What happened to Russia after the Russian Revolution? Workers united against the Russian ruler, overthrew the monarchy, and killed Nicholas and his family.A revolutionary group seized power and established the Soviet Union as a communist country.
40BolsheviksThe revolutionary group was known as the Bolsheviks (political party—communist) . The Bolsheviks were led by Vladimer Lenin. The Bolsheviks were seen as good and a relief by the suffering people of Russia. Under Lenin, Russia became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
41Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) After a 3 year civil war, Russia’straditional monarchy (czar)became the world’s firstcommunistic country.The government of the USSRfollowed the beliefs of Karl Marx.called Marxism.Karl Marx
42Distributed Summarizing With a partner, describe in your own words the Russian Revolution and how it changed Russia.
43The War is Over!The Treaty of Versailles officially ended World War I. What is a treaty?
44Examining the Treaty of Versailles Activity In small groups, students will examine components of the real treaty to determine the actual decisions that were made. Other groups will examine Germany’s response to the treaty.
45Examining the Treaty of Versailles Activity If you could use one word to describe the Treaty of Versailles, what would the word be and why? Share your word with an elbow partner. Do you agree with the Treaty of Versailles? Explain why. Share your thoughts with an elbow partner.
46Treaty of Versailles Requirements (add requirements of the treaty to the Major Developments sheet) It forced Germany to accept responsibility for causing the warIt required Germany to pay reparations (payments) to other countries for their losses and damageIt required Germany to give up 1 million square miles of land (size of Alaska and Texas combined) much of which was rich in natural resources (Why does this matter?)It required Germany to limit its armed forcesStudents write information on the Major Developments in Europe After WWI sheet
47Treaty of Versailles Effects (add requirements of the treaty to the Major Developments sheet) Germans greatly resented the restrictions put on it by the Treaty of Versailles.Germans began to rise up in protest as economic conditions worsened.Germany also became isolated from and distrusted by other countries.Students write information on the Major Developments in Europe After WWI sheet
48Indemnity means reparation or payment. Look at the political cartoons below. With an elbow partner, discuss how these represent the Treaty of Versailles.Indemnity means reparation or payment.
49Treaty of Versailles Copy & Continue Writing Assignment
50The World After World War I Do a Word Splash with students brainstorming what they think the world was like after World War I. This discussion should lead to soldiers coming back with no jobs available; European cities damaged because of war; nations had war debt to repay. Ask questions such as what about Germany and their economy; what about other countries that lost land, did this impact them; what happened to cities during the war and how would this impact them after the war ended
51After World War IAfter World War I, the world economy slipped into a worldwide depression.A depression is a time where business is bad and people lose their jobs.Soldiers came home needing jobs, but there were not enough. Unemployment skyrocketed. (Listen to “Stony Broke in No Man’s Land”)Students should add important information to Major Developments sheet. You may want to do the Germany After World War I handouts before moving to the rise of Nazism.
52Worldwide depressionEuropean countries were in bad shape because they had suffered great loss of life and property damage.Additionally, European countries had borrowed money to pay for war costs and now had no money to repay their debts.Countries experienced Inflation where their money couldn’t buy as much as it used to buy because it had lost value. How did that affect people?In 1929, the stock market crash in the United States crippled the already struggling economies.Students should add important information to Major Developments sheet. You may want to do the Germany After World War I handouts before moving to the rise of Nazism.
53After WWI and Worldwide Depression Industry, shipping, and trade between countries were affectedUnrest and nationalism grew, people wanted strong leadership to make their countries rich and powerful againStudents should add important information to Major Developments sheet. You may want to do the Germany After World War I handouts before moving to the rise of Nazism.
54Why do you think the German people followed Hitler? Image you are living in Germany after World War I. The world is in the middle of a depression. You do not have enough food, you do not have a job, and you do not believe the leaders of your country can improve the situation. On top of that, your country, the place where you were born and have lived all of your life is being blamed and punished for World War I.Now, read Adolf Hitler’s speech on the Treaty of Versailles in 1923.Watch a video clip of Hitler delivering a speech years later.Why do you think the German people followed Hitler?
55Rise of Nazism Background: The democratic government in Germany after World War I (Weimar Republic) faced major problemsA political party called the Nazi Party attracted the attention of dissatisfied GermansThe Nazi Party’s leader, Adolf Hitler, described ideas to strengthen GermanyHitler also believed that Aryans (Germans) were the “master race”; he had racist feelings about Jews, Slavs, gypsies, and blacksThe Nazi Party believed in a strong central government controlled by the military and run by a dictator
56Why Nazism grewNazis offered solutions for Germany’s economic problemsNazis appealed to German nationalism by calling for a larger military and an increase in German territory (violation of Treaty of Versailles)Nazis united Germans against Jews by blaming them for the problemsNazis assured Germans they could protect them from enemiesNazis organized groups to threaten anyone who opposed them so few spoke outStudents should add important information to their Major Developments sheet
57Distributed Summarizing: The political cartoon shows Adolf Hitler “climbing out” of the Treaty of Versailles.Turn to a seat partner and discuss what is meant by the cartoon.
58Listen to the National Public Radio story about Germany making its last reparation payment in September 2010.
59Summarizing StrategyImagine that you are living in Europe during the 1900s, but you have other family members living on another continent. Write a postcard to your relatives describing the events that you have witnessed from 1913 to Include World War I and its MAIN causes, the Russian Revolution, economic depression, and the rise of Nazism.