Presentation on theme: "Global History—Wednesday; January 13, 2010 Chapter 27 (Page 685-709) Topic: IMPERIALISM Aim Question: How did the I.R. create imperialism in Africa and."— Presentation transcript:
Global History—Wednesday; January 13, 2010 Chapter 27 (Page 685-709) Topic: IMPERIALISM Aim Question: How did the I.R. create imperialism in Africa and Asia? Objective: -Understand the idea which surround imperialism -Define imperialism -Analyze map of Africa -Understand causes of imperialism Agenda: -Attendance -Announcements; -Introduction to Imperialism (685) -Maps; (A3 and 683) -Causes if imperialism -in-class HW
quiz 1.Define industrial revolution? 2.Define rural and urban? 3.Where did the industrial revolution begin (country)… bonus if you know city? 4.Name one major invention during this period? 5.What are the three factors of production? 6.How do you define a “natural resource”? 7.Why are natural resources important to the industrial revolution? 8.When a product is more “scarce” what happens to it’s price?
IMPERIALISM DEFINITION: The take over of a nation by a stronger nation by dominating their money, resources, and government.
The Legend of Dr. David Livingston A minister from Scotland First “westerner” to travel deep into central Africa— searching for source of Nile Disappeared for 6 years… What happened to him?
American newspaper sent STANLEY!!! 1879, Stanley found Livingstone in what is now called the CONGO… doing what? Stanley signed treaties with local African chiefs tricking them into “giving” the land to King Leopold of Belgium.
Motives Driving Imperialism Economic forces Social forces Political forces
Economic Forces Industrial revolution provided Europeans with a major need for resources. The race to imperialize “other” territories came from a competitive need for resources… more resources equals more money from factories!
Social Forces The growth of industry lead to ideas of “betterment”— England is better than Germany, Germany is better than Italy, Italy is better than France, & France is better than England… Finally, ALL Europeans began to see themselves as better than the rest of the world! The concept of Social-Darwinism becomes “science” … (more on next slide)
Social-Darwinism… Pure Racism Racism: is the attitude that one race is better than another. Social-Darwinism: “Survival of Fittest”, Those who are most fit for survival had technology, democracy, and wealth. If you not, you were unfit to live.
The Social-Darwin Differences Western (White Europeans) Inventive Scientific Rational Self-Controlled Democratic Civilized Economically Progressive Moral Christian Independent Eastern (Non-whites, Non-European) Ignorant Irrational Superstitious Lazy Childlike Savage Dependent
The White Man’s Burden By Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go, bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half devil and half child.
The White Man’s Burden By Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain, To seek another's profit And work another's gain.
The White Man’s Burden By Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- The savage wars of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine, And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest (The end for others sought) Watch sloth and heathen folly Bring all your hope to nought.
The White Man’s Burden By Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- No iron rule of kings, But toil of serf and sweeper-- The tale of common things. The ports ye shall not enter, The roads ye shall not tread, Go, make them with your living And mark them with your dead.
Global History—Thursday; January 14, 2010 Chapter 27 (Page 685-709) Topic: IMPERIALISM Aim Question: How did the “Scramble for Africa” effect the continent and what was the “Scramble for Africa”? Objective: -Understand the Berlin Conference -Define Scramble for Africa -Analyze map of Africa -Understand effects of Imperialism in Africa (+/-) Agenda: -Attendance -Announcements; homework due next Tuesday - Lecture and notes
European Imperialism in Africa, 1870-1898 In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: “Scramble for Africa” Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 Effects of European Imperialism on Africa
European powers engaged in a “Scramble for Africa” starting in the 1870s. By 1890,most of Africa came under European control.
By 1890, only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent.
The major European powers to acquire African territories were Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Portugal, and Italy.
The French acquired much of northwester n Africa above the Sahara, as well as Central Africa.
King Leopold, the king of Belgium, ruled the Congo like his own private estate. Natives that did not supply enough rubber had their hands cut off. While the king profited, the people of the Belgian Congo suffered greatly.
The British established colonies in West Africa and along the length of most of East Africa from Egypt to South Africa.
Sometimes European imperialists came into conflict with one another. Disputes among the imperial powers were worked out at the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885. At the Berlin Conference, the remainder of Africa was divided up.
European imperialism had many effects on Africa. European colonization had both positive and negative effects on Africa.
A positive effect of European imperialism was the introduction of modern transportation and communication systems, such as telegraphs, railroads, and telephones.
The introduction of European medicine and improved nutrition led to an expansion of population.
However, there were many negative effects of European Imperialism on Africa. African peoples were treated as inferior to Europeans.
Europeans divided Africa and ignored the tribal, ethnic, and cultural boundaries of the African people. This has led to tribal conflicts in many African nations that continue to this day.
Questions for Reflection: What was the “Scramble for Africa”? Why did the Berlin Conference occur? What European nations gained control of Africa? What were the positive effects of European imperialism on Africa? What were the negative effects of European imperialism on Africa?