Social Darwinism Darwin’s theory of evolution applied to human beings Social Darwinism - Europeans believed that they more evolved than other parts of the world – Had a duty to bring their advancements and culture to the rest of the world What vocab word from Global I could describe this?
Cecil Rhodes Famous British leader of imperialism – believed in Social Darwinism “I contend that we are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses.”
Africa Huge continent, largely unexplored in 1870s o Disease, jungle made it difficult to explore Tons of natural resources – industrial revolution increased demand for it o Also gold and diamonds (South Africa) European countries begin grabbing countries o Became a competition to control more of continent
Berlin Conference Competition between European countries nearly led to wars Berlin Conference called in 1884 to put down rules for colonizing Africa European countries could grab any land another country hadn’t already NO AFRICAN LEADERS AT CONFERENCE
Wars in South Africa When gold and diamonds were found in South Africa, land was wanted by everyone Three groups – Zulu, Boers, British Zulu – native group, conquered by British in 1887 Boers – Dutch colonists – Boer War – bloody war between Dutch and British – won by British in 1910
What is the message of this political cartoon? Cecil Rhodes
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