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1.Did your group follow the directions, step- by-step? If not, why? 2.Why did your group claim the items you did? 3.How did your group feel when other.

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Presentation on theme: "1.Did your group follow the directions, step- by-step? If not, why? 2.Why did your group claim the items you did? 3.How did your group feel when other."— Presentation transcript:

1 1.Did your group follow the directions, step- by-step? If not, why? 2.Why did your group claim the items you did? 3.How did your group feel when other groups started claiming items?

2 The Scramble for

3 What is Africa Like? Hundreds of Ethnic Groups Over 1000 Languages Spoken Tribal Villages Mysterious Environment Established Trade Networks

4 Early Europeans in Africa Missionaries and Explorers are the first to arrive Difficulty Exploring the “Interior” Fear of Mosquitoes and Malaria Prior to 1880 only 10% of Africa in European Control

5 Map of Africa before 1850

6 Why the Scramble? Need for More Resources Demand for New Markets The Search for Raw Materials

7 Imperialism: Seizure of a Territory or Country by a Stronger Country

8 Factors that Drive Imperialism Nationalism: Empire building equals power and increases national pride Social Darwinism: “survival of the fittest” Europeans believe it is their duty to pass on their progress Goal: Civilize and Westernize

9 Technology Fuels Imperialism Technology: Maxim Gun: First Automatic Gun Steam Engine: Allows for Navigation of the Interior Quick Communication Vaccinations African Disunity

10 “Dr. Livingstone, I Presume?” David Livingstone travels Africa to promote Christianity and disappears U.S. sends Reporter Henry Stanley to “rescue” Livingstone The two meet on the shores of Lake Tanganyika

11 Stanley’s Legacy King Leopold of Belgium challenges Stanley to get land Signs Treaties with local Chiefs to gain control of Tribal land Leopold pays companies to exploit Africans for profit in the rubber industry

12 The Berlin Conference Called to prevent wars between European countries for control of African Land The Result: Land claims must be made by notifying other countries and showing control Does not address original boundaries or African representatives

13 Acts of Resistance: The Zulu and Boer Wars 1816 – Zulu Chief Shaka creates a centralized African state Future leaders lose control of the state 1879 – Face possibility of British rule Using only spears and shields, the Zulus withstand the British until 1887 when they face defeat at Ulundi

14 The Boer War

15 Africa in 1880


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