Britain Britain acquired the Cape Colony in South Africa. It was an important port on the sea route to India. In 1867, the Suez Canal was built. In 1882, Britain took over administration of Egypt. Little by little, Britain occupied the rest of East Africa
Cecil Rhodes Dreamed of building a railroad across Africa. Two colonies named after him. Diamond mining
France Controlled much of West Africa and North Africa. Motivated by the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany.
Belgium King Leopold II Personally owned Congo Free State and used it for ivory and rubber. Taken from Leopold in 1908-Belgian Congo
Germany In 1884, German South West Africa, Cameroon, German East Africa, and Togo created. The Herero and Nama in Southwest Africa revolted against German rule.
The Boer War Fought over gold and diamond mines in the Transvaal and Orange Free State War lasts from 1899 to 1902. Treaty of Vereeniging
Impact of the Boer War Britain began to look for allies and improve foreign relations. Discovery that 40% of men called up were unfit for duty led to welfare reforms in Britain. War made on civilians…Women and children sent to concentration camps.