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Unit 7, Day 4. Agenda Office Hours Request Learning Goal Always Recycle! Video Water Cycle Carbon and Oxygen Cycles Dry Ice Bubble Video Island Application.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 7, Day 4. Agenda Office Hours Request Learning Goal Always Recycle! Video Water Cycle Carbon and Oxygen Cycles Dry Ice Bubble Video Island Application."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 7, Day 4

2 Agenda Office Hours Request Learning Goal Always Recycle! Video Water Cycle Carbon and Oxygen Cycles Dry Ice Bubble Video Island Application Homework

3 Office Hours New Office Hours ▫Monday, Wednesday, Thursday 8-9AM ▫Friday 9-10AM ▫Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday 5:15-6pm WITH PERMISSION!!!!

4 Request Interview (Individual) Focus Group (4-6 people) All names will be changed, you can choose your own alias

5 Learning Goal Objective 2.5.D (Cycles) – I can describe how water, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycle between abiotic resources and organic matter in the ecosystem.

6 Video Ahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2D7hZpIYlC A

7 Investigation

8 Biogeochemical Cycles Bio = Life Geo = Geological Processes Chem = Chemical Processes Water Cycle Carbon and Oxygen ▫Short Term ▫Long Term #1 ▫Long Term #2 Nitrogen Cycle Phosphorus Cycle ▫Short Term ▫Long Term

9 Step by step drawing of the water cycle.

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42 Evaporation: Substance changes from a liquid state to gas state (requires energy). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

43 We usually think about oceans, but clouds also evaporate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

44 Condensation: Water vapor (gas) turns back to a liquid. (Energy needs to be removed) –- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

45 Condensation: Water vapor (gas) turns back to a liquid. (Energy needs to be removed) –Cloud formation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

46 Precipitation: Water that is so heavy it falls as liquid / solid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

47 Precipitation can also be a solid in the form of snow, hail, or ice pellets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

48 Sublimation: Solid state turns directly to a gas state skipping liquid phase. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

49 Sublimation: Solid state turns directly to a gas state skipping liquid phase. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy See neat dry Ice Bubble: Sublimation (solid to gas) at… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76CNkxizQuchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76CNkxizQuc 2 min

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53 Transpiration – Water released by plants into air. –Non-living to the living, and back again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

54 Transpiration – Water released by plants into air. –Non-living to the living, and back again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

55 Evapotranspiration is a vital component to the rainforest ecosystem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

56 Evapotranspiration is a vital component to the rainforest ecosystem. –Evapotranspiration describes water that is turned into a gas by evaporation, and water vapor released by plants (transpiration). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

57 Surface run-off: The water flow which occurs when soil is full to capacity and excess water travels over the land. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

58 Surface run-off: The water flow which occurs when soil is full to capacity and excess water travels over the land. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Capacity: ?

59 Surface run-off: The water flow which occurs when soil is full to capacity and excess water travels over the land. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Capacity: The maximum amount that can be obtained in a body.

60 Storage of water in vegetation. –Plants soak up and hold water. They are very good flood preventers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

61 Storage of water in vegetation. –Plants soak up and hold water. They are very good flood preventers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Trees can hold enormous amounts of water.s

62 Storage of water in vegetation. –Plants soak up and hold water. They are very good flood preventers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Trees can hold enormous amounts of water.s

63 Storage of water in vegetation. –Plants soak up and hold water. They are very good flood preventers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

64 Storage of water in vegetation. –Plants soak up and hold water. They are very good flood preventers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Trees help control flooding by holding water in their tissues.

65 Percolation: The slow movement of water through the soil. Cleans and purifies. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

66 Groundwater discharge: Water that has been underground seeps back into the oceans, or into rivers or lakes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

67 Groundwater is a very important source of clean water. –It can be obtained by digging a well, or when it comes to the surface as a spring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

68 Groundwater is a very important source of clean water. –It can be obtained by digging a well, or when it comes to the surface as a spring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

69 Quiz 1-7 The hydrologic cycle. Please record the numbers and the correct term ) Which term is not shown. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

70 Quiz 1-7 The hydrologic cycle. Please record the numbers and the correct term ) Which term is not shown. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

71 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

72 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

73 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

74 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

75 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

76 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

77 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

78 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

79 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

80 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

81 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Percolation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

82 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Percolation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

83 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Percolation Ground Water Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

84 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Runoff Percolation Ground Water Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What terms was missing that we learned?

85 Answers1-8 The hydrologic cycle. 7. Evaporation Transpiration Condensation Precipitation Surface Run-off Percolation Ground Water Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Sublimation #8 Sublimation

86 New Biogeochemical Cycle: The Carbon Cycle. New Biogeochemical Cycle: The Carbon Cycle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

87 Carbon is the duct tape of life. –Living things are made of carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

88 Carbon is the duct tape of life. –Living things are made of carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

89 Carbon is the duct tape of life. –Living things are made of carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

90 Carbon Cycle: The circulation of carbon into organisms (biotic) and back again (abiotic). Carbon Cycle: The circulation of carbon into organisms (biotic) and back again (abiotic). Atmosphere, Land, Water, Oceans. Atmosphere, Land, Water, Oceans. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

91 Carbon Cycle: The circulation of carbon into organisms (biotic) and back again (abiotic). Carbon Cycle: The circulation of carbon into organisms (biotic) and back again (abiotic). Atmosphere, Land, Water, Oceans. Atmosphere, Land, Water, Oceans. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

92 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

93 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

94 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Reservoirs: A large supply of something.

95 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

96 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

97 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

98 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

99 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

100 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

101 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

102 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

103 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

104 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

105 Where are the carbon reservoirs on our planet? –Which ones do human activities impact? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

106 Answer! Carbon pools are everywhere, and most are impacted in some way by human activities. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

107 One of these Carbon Reservoirs until recently has been locked away for millions of years. Which One? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

108 One of these Carbon Reservoirs until recently has been locked away for millions of years. Which One? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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111 Carbon that has been out of the carbon cycle of millions of years

112 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oil is pumped out of Earth and used by humans.

113 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “New” Carbon now introduced into the Carbon Cycle for the first time in millions of years.

114 Carbon is a major player in Anthropogenic global warming. –Where reservoirs of carbon that have been out of the carbon cycle are being introduced as human mine, drill, and then burn carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

115 Carbon is a major player in Anthropogenic global warming. –Where reservoirs of carbon that have been out of the carbon cycle are being introduced as human mine, drill, and then burn carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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117 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration

118 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant The plant Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration

119 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide The plant uses carbon dioxide Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

120 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

121 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

122 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen Animals use oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

123 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

124 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration

125 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration

126 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration

127 The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The carbon dioxide oxygen balance. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. The plant uses carbon dioxide and produces oxygen during photosynthesis. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Animals use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide during cellular respiration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Photosynthesis Respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration Mitochondria in plant also do cellular respiration

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130 Mitochondria

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132 Chloroplast

133 Mitochondria Chloroplast

134 Mitochondria Chloroplast

135 Mitochondria Chloroplast

136 Mitochondria Chloroplast

137 Mitochondria Chloroplast

138 Mitochondria Chloroplast

139 Mitochondria Chloroplast

140 Mitochondria Chloroplast

141 Carbon and Oxygen Cycles Short Term Cycle: ▫Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Long Term Cycle #1: ▫Organic matter is buried and become fossil fuels. CO 2 is released back into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are combusted (burned) Long Term Cycle #2: ▫Calcium carbonate is found in shells of sea animals. When they die, the shells go to the bottom of the ocean to create limestone rock. Carbon and oxygen are trapped until weathering and erosion release these elements back into water and the atmosphere.

142 Project Application Include these two biogeochemical cycles on your island.

143 Homework YouTube Video ▫Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycles New Office Hours ▫Monday, Wednesday, Thursday 8-9AM ▫Friday 9-10AM ▫Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday 5:15-6pm WITH PERMISSION!!!!


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