Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LACERATIONS OF THE LEG AND FOOT BY S. SUPALERK. Introduction Any injury to the lower extremity (especially the foot ) jeopardizes the ability to walk.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "LACERATIONS OF THE LEG AND FOOT BY S. SUPALERK. Introduction Any injury to the lower extremity (especially the foot ) jeopardizes the ability to walk."— Presentation transcript:


2 Introduction Any injury to the lower extremity (especially the foot ) jeopardizes the ability to walk From simple plantar puncture wounds to catastrophic lawn mower injuries Soil contamination, risk of infection, worsening scarring, slowing healing

3 Clinical features History –Time interval : increase incidence of infection –Mechanism of injury : underling tissue –Risk of retained foreign body –Degree of potential contamination –Complaint any new paresthesia, anesthesia weakness or loss of function suggests a nerve vascular or tendon injury prompting a careful examination

4 Past medical history –Tetanus immunization status –Condition increase risk for infection or delayed wound healing ( DM, immunosuppression ) and risk of bacteremia ( valvular heart disease, asplenia ) –Other medication

5 Physical examination Location Length Depth Shape of wound Weight bearing surface Distal sensory nerve function Motor function Vascular integrity

6 Nerve : light touch, static two-point discrimination –Superficial peroneal N. : foot eversion –Deep peroneal N. : foot inversion, ankle dorsiflexion –Posterior tibial N. : ankle plantar flexion Tendon : direct visual because partially lacerated tendon can mimic normal fuction Foreign bodies

7 Ancillary studies CBC ESR CRP H/C Radiographic imaging –Foreign body –Fracture –Joint space CT MRI

8 Treatment Age considerations Elderly –thin skin, decrease subcutaneous fat –Medical condition : delay wound healing –Tetanus immunization Child –Difficulty limit movement –Contaminated wound –The smaller the child, the larger the dressing

9 Wound anesthesia Sensory examination precede anesthesia Dorsum foot, local anesthesia Plantar surface, nerve blocks (sural, posterior tibial ) Toes, digital nerve blocks Topical anesthetic poorly effective on dense epidermis

10 Wound preparation and repair Wound irrigation anesthesia Dry field exploration : tendon, FB LW multiple layered closure decrease tension and simple interrupted, horizontal mattress suture use moderate tension, large LW avoid running sutures, infection Debridement to remove devitalized tissue decrease risk of wound complication

11 Timing of closure, delay in closure Delay primary closure less than 6 hr in case delayed presentation or contamination : pack saline soaked gauze Antibiotic reevaluated case

12 Plantar laceration Pron position Heavy, large suture needles and thick thread penetrate the hypertrophied epidermis and dermis of foot and sole, large curved cutting needle Simple interrupted sutures Tissue loss or under tension use vertical mattress suture Avoid adhesive tapes, tissue adhesives, staples

13 Dorsal laceration Nonabsorbable monofilament suture material Running sutures are acceptable Under select circumstances adhesive tapes with splints 5-7 days

14 Inter digital laceration Between toe very difficult to repair Simple interrupted suture When the web involve neurovascular, the skin usually closed without any subsequent consideration to repair neurovascular

15 Skin laceration Wound over the anterior tibial surface are under considerable tension suggest multiple layered closure Elderly extremely thin and difficulty for closure suggest multiple layered Elastic bandage is placed over a generous dressing Weight bearing limited for 5 days Alternative : deep reinforced sutures placed through adhesive strips laid down parallel to the wound edges has been recently described

16 Knee laceration Joint capsule penetration, LW of patellar and quadriceps tendons should be assessed Common peroneal nerve is prone to injury check inversion, eversion, dorsiflexion Deep popliteal wound : popliteal artery ( minimal collateral circulation distal to knee ), tibial nerve Mark active skin tension : knee immobilized

17 Tendon laceration Repair tendon laceration in foot depend on functional impairment Tendon at Mid foot and forefoot can go unrepaired ( without sacrificing any necessary foot function ) can close skin and splint Extensor hallucis longus or tibialis anterior : call orthopedist because dorsiflexion of the great toe and foot important in walking and running Achilles tendon is first palpated for defects : Thomson test

18 Repair a few days to weeks after initial injury Skin closure, splinting of the foot Antibiotic prophylaxis Non-weight bearing Follow up orthopredist

19 Tissue loss and Amputation Major tissue loss as well as toe amputation Tissue grafts and flap reconstruction by an orthopedist or plastic surgeon Serve part : –wash gently with sterile saline –wrapped in saline-soak gauze –placed in plastic bag and closed –placed ice water bath

20 Retained foreign bodies Nonreactive FB ( glass ) is show chronic pain or chronic discomfort during walk if not removed Reactive organic material must aggressively sought and removed Fluoroscopy can use to help locate and remove radiopaque FB

21 Hair tourniquet Syndrome Strangulation and digital ischemia seen during infancy : long strand of hair wrapped around a toe

22 Disposition Bulky dressing is applied to plantar surface Weight-bearing is avoided for at least 5 days Elevation : decrease swelling and infection risk Typically removed sutures in 10 – 14 days

23 Prophylactic Antibiotic Use Clinical adjustment according –Degree of contamination –Presence of foreign body –Presence of associated injury –Host factors

24 Amoxicillin - Clavulanate Animal bite : staphylococcus, streptococcus, pasteurella Asplenic or immunocompromised sustain dog bite : C.canimorsus. Open fractures S.aureus –First – generation cephalosporin –aminoglycoside

25 fluoroquinolone Freshwater stream –Aeromonas hydrophila –Gramnegative bacillus Compartment syndrome, myonecrosis, foot amputation Aminoglycosides Trimethoprim – sulfamethoxazole fluoroquinolones

Download ppt "LACERATIONS OF THE LEG AND FOOT BY S. SUPALERK. Introduction Any injury to the lower extremity (especially the foot ) jeopardizes the ability to walk."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google