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F ROM W ASTE TO S PECIAL P ASTE presented by: Jhustine S. Sabico and Judy A. Miraflor (Fourth Year Students) Adviser: Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Co-Advisers:

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Presentation on theme: "F ROM W ASTE TO S PECIAL P ASTE presented by: Jhustine S. Sabico and Judy A. Miraflor (Fourth Year Students) Adviser: Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Co-Advisers:"— Presentation transcript:

1 F ROM W ASTE TO S PECIAL P ASTE presented by: Jhustine S. Sabico and Judy A. Miraflor (Fourth Year Students) Adviser: Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Co-Advisers: Ms. Rosalina L. Molina Mrs. Lucila V. Dizon Mr. Rolando R. Barcelon QUIRINO HIGH SCHOOL, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines and at AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, New York, USA April 21, 2014

2 F ROM W ASTE TO S PECIAL P ASTE Jhustine S. Sabico IV-2 and; Judy A. Miraflor IV-3 April 21, 2014

3 INTRODUCTION The economic stability of our nation depends on the availability of the cheap sources of our products.

4 Glue is commonly used in homes, schools and offices. Due to high cost and unaffordable of commercial branded glues, people would came to a certain thought of making home made glue.

5 The home-made glue paste out of cigarette filters is a bit rough than commercial branded glues because of it’s substance – acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO].

6 Findings of the study showed effective results in the production of glue paste out of cigarette filters..

7 Filters - porous article or mass (as of paper or sand) through which a gas or liquid is passed to separate out matter in suspension. D EFINITION OF T ERMS

8 Acetone is a volatile fragrant flammable liquid ketone C 3 H 6 O used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis and found in abnormal quantities in diabetic urine.

9 Water is the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and seas, and is a major constituent of all living matter.

10 Adhesive is to hold fast or stick by or as if by gluing, suction, grasping, or fusing.

11 S TATEMENT OF THE P ROBLEM The purpose of this study is to diminish the waste from the cigarettes used by a smoker through exploring the potentials of cigarette filters as a glue paste and making them an alternative to the other commercial branded glue paste.

12 1. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination will work? 2. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination harm the environment or the people who will use it? 3. Is it comparable to the commercial ones in terms of: Texture Duration Durability Stickiness Structural property Price Color Odor

13 4. Is this study can help the growth of our economy? 5. Is there a significant relationship between the amount of acetone and cigarette filters to make a special paste/glue?

14 O BJECTIVES OF THE S TUDY Specifically, the study aims to accomplish the following objectives: To prepare a cheaper yet durable glue paste out of cigarette filters and acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO]; To compare the effectiveness of a used cigarette filters and acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] to the leading commercial brands;

15 To test the cigarette filters’ components with acetone by mixing them together; To show the effectiveness of acetone to the other chemicals in its group ketones or also known as alkanones; To help lessen our environment from bunch of cigarette butts that is filled in the streets or anywhere; and To help some students in their schoolworks that uses glue because the commercial are expensive to buy.

16 S IGNIFICANCE OF THE S TUDY To inform people that cigarette filters from a cigarette used by a smoker can be useful in the field of an alternative glue paste. To prove that small wastes can be useful or reusable again in the other way around.

17 It can be useful for some students that cannot afford to buy reliable glues.

18 S COPE AND L IMITATIONS This study is limited only in identifying if the combination of cigarette filters and acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] will formulate a glue paste and if the combination are competitive with the other commercial branded glue pastes.

19 R EVIEW OF R ELATED L ITERATURE Cigarette butts are the most common form of litter, as an estimated 4.5 trillion cigarette butts are thrown away every year worldwide. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088 407/

20 METHODOLOGY A. Procedure: 1. Raw materials were gathered. 2. The separating of filters from tobacco butts. 3 Filters were strained by the strain gauge through running water and drained under the heat of the sun.

21 METHODOLOGY 4. Measuring of the acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] in the graduated cylinder cigarette filters in the platform balance. 5. Mixing the filters in the given substances and their measurement consecutively. 6. The glue paste out of cigarette filters were tested and produced.

22 B. Application The application will be done within two (2) days with four trials. C. Observation Within the time intervals, the researchers observe the solubility of the cigarette filters in the acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] based on 5ml, 8ml, 10ml and 15ml volume.

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24 test tubes test tube rack graduated cylinder test tube brush evaporating dish Butts acetone

25 test tubes test tube rack graduated cylinder test tube brush evaporating dish container

26 Triple beam balance

27 10ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO] 15ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO]

28 5ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO] 8ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO]

29 T ESTING Used Filters Unused Filters

30 T ABLE : C IGARETTE F ILTERS AND A CETONE [(CH3)2CO] C OMBINATION First Trial with 15ml of Acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Second Trial with 10ml of Acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Third Trial with 5ml of Acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Fourth Trial with 8ml of Acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Setting the raw materials to be use. Separating filters from tobacco butts. Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in first trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 15ml acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the second trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 10ml acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the third trial.Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 5ml water (H 2 O). Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the last trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 10ml acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO]

31 R ESULTS AND D ISCUSSION In the first procedure, researchers used 15 ml of acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] and 1 gram of filters. Researchers conducted the second procedure whereas the 10ml was used with constant filters. C IGARETTE F ILTERS AND A CETONE [(CH3)2CO] C OMBINATION

32 Third procedure which contained 5ml of acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] with the same amount of filters were dissolved through mixing the two substances. And the last procedure which contained 8ml of acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] with the same amount of filters were dissolved simultaneously.

33  Generally, the ratio that formulated in this project was 1 gram is to 8ml of acetone (1:8). Therefore, the duration of drying up was faster than the commercial branded glues.

34 C ONCLUSIONS Different Kinds of Glues TextureDurationDurabilityStickiness Structural Property PriceColorOdor Commercial Glue Very sticky Prolonged Very strong Good ₱ 60.0 0 WhiteUnpleasant Home-Made Glue from Cigarette Filters Very sticky Prolonged Very strong Good ₱ 7.00Brow n (used) / White (unus ed) Unpleasant

35 In the observation, the glues has a sticky kind of appearance. At first it looked terribly, because of the cigarette butts, plus, you can smell the tobacco before, while, and after the procedure and it really stinks. The acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] has a heavy consentration that the filters dissolve when stirred. And lastly, the finished product was tested and showed best results.

36 Melting process was done to produce glue from cigarette filter using acetone as solvent. The glue from cigarette filter was able to meet the standard properties of the other commercial branded glues. Hence, cigarette filters contain chemical components that are good, making them promising substitutes for commercial glue pastes.

37 Generation to generation, they tend to search for extraordinary look yet sold in small costs. A cigarette filters and an acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] combination can be an alternative to commercial branded glue pastes. Moreover, used cigarettes are waste that turned into a more useful paste.

38 R ECOMMENDATIONS From the results of the home-made glue paste out of cigarette filters formulated these recommendations: For best results – more filters to acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] ratio more glue pastes can be made. Filters should be cut into small pieces so that it will open more spaces for the acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] to soak, hold and molded. It should be done with a lot of carefulness because of some studies tells about the harmful effects of the acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] in the body if swallowed and the cigarette butts if smoked.

39 Filters should be strained and dried under the heat of the sun before combining the acetone [(CH 3 ) 2 CO] and filters together. The smell of the cigar can cause several pulmonary diseases so it is more advisable to use surgical mass and gloves when conducting the project. Some researchers may vanish the smell by placing a hood over the experiment or trials. The smell may improve by mixing another chemicals or fumes to make the smell more pleasing.

40 T HE P RESENTATION A DVISER Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Teacher II of the Science Teacher

41 The Presentation Co-a dviser

42 Our very energetic, approachable, and supportive, QHS SEED Coordinator for Communication

43 The Presentation Co- adviser/Coordinator Our very friendly, dynamic, approachable, and energetic, QHS SEED Coordinator

44 Mrs. Carolyn C. Simon (Head Teacher III) & Ms. Cecilia H. Paguia, (Head Teacher III) our Science and Math Department Heads respectively - for their sustaining guidance and support

45 Our loving, kind and approachable school principal

46 Our very supportive Ma’am Corinne Damas-Sandiford Project Manager, Schlumberger SEED Paris

47 Schlumberger Excellence in Educational Development (SEED) and staffs headed by Simone Amber for the magnificent opportunity given to us to share and the benevolent contributions in educating the youth worldwide; special thanks to Ma’am Monia, Ma’am Susan Randel & Sir Nathan Bellomy for their help and encouragement.

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