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Unit 2: Erosion and Deposition by Water. Erosion The movement of sediments and other materials from one place to another. The movement of sediments and.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2: Erosion and Deposition by Water. Erosion The movement of sediments and other materials from one place to another. The movement of sediments and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2: Erosion and Deposition by Water

2 Erosion The movement of sediments and other materials from one place to another. The movement of sediments and other materials from one place to another. Water is an agent of erosion. Water is an agent of erosion.

3 Deposition Process by which eroded material is dropped. Process by which eroded material is dropped.

4 Runoff Water that flows across the Earth’s surface is called runoff. The water does not soak into the ground or evaporate.

5 Factors related to a stream’s ability to erode material Slope Slope Load Load Discharge Discharge

6 Factors related to a stream’s ability to erode material The steepness, or slope, of the land also determines runoff. The steepness, or slope, of the land also determines runoff. Water moves quickly down steep slopes so it has little time to soak into the ground. Water moves quickly down steep slopes so it has little time to soak into the ground. Water moves more slowly down gentle slopes and across flat area, allowing time to soak into the ground Water moves more slowly down gentle slopes and across flat area, allowing time to soak into the ground

7 Factors related to a stream’s ability to erode material Gravity is the attracting force that all objects have for one another. The greater the mass of an object the greater the forces of gravity. Gravity is the attracting force that all objects have for one another. The greater the mass of an object the greater the forces of gravity. Water runs downhill because of gravity. Water runs downhill because of gravity. When water runs down a slope it picks up speed. As speed increases so does it energy. When water runs down a slope it picks up speed. As speed increases so does it energy. Fast moving water carries more soil than slow moving water does. Fast moving water carries more soil than slow moving water does.

8 Deposition by Surface Water As water moves through a river system it loses some of its energy of motion. The water can no longer carry some of its sediment. As a result, sediment is deposited to the bottom of the stream. Sediment can be carried for long or short distances. Sediment that is deposited as water empties into an ocean or lake form a triangular or fan-shaped deposit called a delta. When river water empties from a mountain valley onto an open plain, the deposit is called an alluvial fan.

9 Landforms created by streams Canyons Canyons Valleys Valleys Floodplain Floodplain Delta Delta Alluvial fan Alluvial fan

10 Canyons and Valleys

11 Flood Plain Is the flat area on each side of a river that is submerged during a flood.

12 Delta Deposition of sediments when a river empties into a body of water

13 Alluvial Fan A cone shaped deposition of sediment where moving water empties onto dry land (arid regions)

14 Land forms made by ground water erosion: Caves and sinkholes

15 Costal landforms made by erosion


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