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Connotation / Denotation. Denotation  The dictionary definition of a word.  The word’s literal, intended definition. Example: Home: a place where someone.

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Presentation on theme: "Connotation / Denotation. Denotation  The dictionary definition of a word.  The word’s literal, intended definition. Example: Home: a place where someone."— Presentation transcript:

1 Connotation / Denotation

2 Denotation  The dictionary definition of a word.  The word’s literal, intended definition. Example: Home: a place where someone lives Residence: a place where someone lives Dwelling: a building in which a person lives House: a building in which a person lives

3 Denotation  Gay: an adjective synonymous with happy  “b” word: a female dog  Ignorant: being uneducated or lacking knowledge about a subject  Female: a person who as two XX chromosomes and has a vagina and uterus.

4 Connotation  The feelings or emotions associated with a word.  Often has a greater influence on meaning than the denotation  Develops over time through cultural changes  Difficult for language learners to recognize and can cause problems

5 Connotation Example: Positive connotation: Home: a loving place where a family comes together and lives Neutral connotation: Residence: a place where someone lives Dwelling: a building in which a person lives House: a building in which a person lives

6 Negative Connotation  Gay: stupid, effeminate  “b” word: an unpleasant woman or a man lacking masculine characteristics.  Ignorant: stupid  Female: In some situations, (“Those feee- males bothering me.”) it actually carries the same negative connotations as the “b” word.

7 Positive or Negative? difficult challenging stingy economical headstrong determined nitpicking meticulous childish Childlike Dinky Tiny Small Fun-size

8 Bottom Line  Be aware that words can be offensive to people even when they are not intended to be.  When choosing words in writing, you need to be aware of connotations so you do not send an unintended message.


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