Presentation on theme: "Scott Brody Owner & Director of Camps Kenwood & Evergreen"— Presentation transcript:
1The Power of A Growth Mindset: Helping Our Campers to Have a Positive Self-Theory Scott BrodyOwner & Director of Camps Kenwood & EvergreenFounder of Everwood Day Camp
2Which Traits Are Children Born With? The Drive to Help (Altruism)The Drive to MasterProblem-SolvingSocial ConnectionInstinctive OptimismIntrinsic MotivationThe Drive to Acquire Knowledge & Develop Intelligence
10How Do We Make Help Children Remain Engaged Learners? MINDSET MATTERS!
11Where The Research Began: Carol Dweck has done research over the last 30 years with children and young adults in the USAShe is particularly interested in how students view themselves as learnersTheir self-theory is likely to have a major effect on their self-belief, their motivation to learn and their resilienceCarol Dweck’s Self-TheoriesTheir Role in Motivation, Personality & Development (Psychology Press, 1999)
14Self Theory = MindsetDweck’s research into Self- Theories has shown that most people have one of two Mindsets:Fixed Mindset, orGrowth Mindset
15Growth Mindset: 40% of Kids I believe that intelligence is not fixed.My intelligence can be improved through learningI thrive on challenge & throw myself info difficult tasks.I have learning goals & like feedback so I can improve!
16Fixed Mindset: 40% of kids I believe that intelligence is fixedI don’t like challenge because it makes me look stupidI was born bright/not very brightI like easy goals & being told I’ve done well & am smart
17Four Things You Probably Believe About Mindset: Belief: Children with high ability are more likely to display a growth mindsetTruth:You might think that students who were highly skilled would be the ones to relish a challenge and persevere in the face of setbacks. Instead, many of these students are the most worried about failure, and the most likely to question their ability and to wilt when they hit obstacles (Leggett, 1985)
18Four Things You Probably Believe About Mindset: Belief: Success in school or in life directly fosters a growth mindset.Truth: You might also think that when students succeed, they are emboldened and energized to seek out more challenging tasks. The truth is that success in itself does little to boost children’s desire for challenge or their ability to cope with setbacks. In fact we can see that it can have quite the opposite effect. (Diener & Dweck, 1978, 1980)
19Four Things You Probably Believe About Mindset: Belief: Praise, particularly praising a student’s intelligence, encourages mastery-oriented qualities (growth mindset).Truth: This is a most cherished belief in our society. One can hardly walk down the street without hearing parents telling their children how smart they are. The hope is that such praise will instill confidence and thereby promote a host of desirable qualities. Instead, this type of praise can lead children to fear failure, avoid risks, doubt themselves when they fail and cope poorly with setbacks. (Mueller & Dweck, 1998)
20Four Things You Probably Believe About Mindset: Belief: A child’s confidence in his/her intelligence is the key to mastery-oriented qualities (growth mindset).Truth: It seems only logical to assume that children who have confidence in their intelligence—who clearly believe they are smart—would have nothing to fear from challenge and would be resilient. But many of the most confident individuals do not want their intelligence too stringently tested, and their high confidence is all too quickly shaken when they encounter difficulty. (Henderson & Dweck, 1990; Dweck & Lin, 1998)
21Mindset Rule #1 Fixed Mindset: Growth Mindset: LOOK SMART AT ALL COSTS LEARN AT ALL COSTS
22Dweck Study: Transition to 7th Grade Followed hundreds of students across difficult transitionMeasured their mindsetsMeasured their attitudes toward learningMonitored their grades in math for two years
23Dweck Study: Transition to 7th Grade Achievement in Junior HS Blackwell, Dweck, & Trzesniewski (2007)
28Do Geniuses Work-- Or Does it Just Come Naturally?
29Mindset Rule #3: In The Face of Setbacks… Fixed Mindset: It’s about meHIDE MISTAKESCONCEAL DEFICIENCIESGrowth Mindset: It’s about learningCAPITALIZE ON MISTAKESCONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
30After Setback… Fixed Mindset: “I’d spend less time on this subject from now on.”“I would try not to take this subject ever again.”“I would try to cheat on the next test.”Growth Mindset:“I would work harder in this class from now on.”“I would spend more time studying for the tests.”
31Growth Mindset Brains Work Harder! Moser et al., 2011
32Fixed Mindset provides no recipe for recovering from failures: Giving up, retreating to comfort zoneBlaming othersTrying to feel superior
33How Are Mindsets Transmitted? Our language tells children what we believe and what we valueMueller & Dweck, 1998; Kamins & Dweck,1 999; Cimpian, Arce, Markman, & Dweck, 2007.
36Dweck Study: Messages About What We Value Intelligence Praise: “Wow, that’s a really good score. You must be smart at this.”Effort (Process) Praise: “Wow, that’s a really good score. You must have tried really hard.”Control Group: : “Wow, that’s a really good score.”
37Dweck Study: Intelligence vs. Effort Praise Mindset: Fixed vs. GrowthGoals: Looking smart vs. LearningAfter Difficult Trial:Confidence/ Enjoyment/Performance
38Dweck Study: Intelligence vs. Effort Praise Lying: Students Who Misrepresented Their Scores
39Process Praise We need to praise: Effort Strategies that lead towards successResilienceWe should not praise:Intelligence, “cleverness” or innate talent
42Key Messages to Produce Growth Mindset The brain is a network of cells (neurons)
43Key Messages to Produce Growth Mindset The cells communicate through chemical messages
44Key Messages to Produce Growth Mindset The messages signal other neurons whether to fire or not
45Dweck Study: Learning About Brain Plasticity Produced Growth Mindset Math Grades (Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck)
46Dweck Study: Learning About Brain Plasticity Produced Growth Mindset Percent Showing Increased Motivation
47How Do We Help Our Campers Move from Fixed to Growth Mindset? Counselors can role model Growth Mindset—they are living it.Essential that we show them we believe their intelligence and other abilities, including athleticism, is not fixedWe need to make them believe they can improveWe need to ensure they know how to improveCollaborative community environment where campers take responsibility for their own learningCampers understand the Growth Mindset and how it can help them in all of their efforts.