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How Does The Mind Decide What To Think?. And What Can You Do About It?

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Presentation on theme: "How Does The Mind Decide What To Think?. And What Can You Do About It?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How Does The Mind Decide What To Think?

2 And What Can You Do About It?

3 Prime Directives Of The Human Mind

4 Do What’s Necessary to Learn the Truth

5  Sucking on Elbows, Walking into Walls  Law of Effect (Real and Vicarious)  Freud: Reality Principle  Piaget: Internal & External Push Toward Truth Toward Truth  Evolutionary Psychology (What if we didn’t have the imperative to Learn (What if we didn’t have the imperative to Learn the Truth?) the Truth?)

6 Do What’s Necessary to Learn the Truth  Sucking on Elbows, Walking into Walls  Law of Effect (Real and Vicarious)  Freud: Reality Principle  Piaget: Internal & External Push Toward Truth Toward Truth  Evolutionary Psychology (What if we didn’t have the imperative to Learn (What if we didn’t have the imperative to Learn the Truth?) the Truth?)

7 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO AVOID INFORMATION OVERLOAD

8  Gestalt Principle: Mind Molds Simplicity  Limitations Working Memory  De-selection for processing Retrieval  Lost Links  Heuristics Decision Rules (E.G., Shopping For Detergent) Sacrifice Best For Good-Enough Stereotyping  Cognitive Biases FAE – Fundamental Attribution Error Cognitive Consistency Mere Exposure Early (Implicit) Conditioning  Schemas and Scripts

9 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO AVOID INFORMATION OVERLOAD  Gestalt Principle: Mind Molds Simplicity  Limitations Working Memory  De-selection for processing Retrieval  Lost Links  Heuristics Decision Rules (E.G., Shopping For Detergent) Sacrifice Best For Good-Enough Stereotyping  Cognitive Biases FAE – Fundamental Attribution Error Cognitive Consistency Mere Exposure Early (Implicit) Conditioning  Schemas and Scripts

10 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO FEEL GOOD AND NOT FEEL BAD

11  Freud: Pleasure Principle  Rogers: Organismic  Introjected Values  Mature Values  Self-Serving Bias Lake Wobegone Effect Downward Vs. Upward Social Comparison Attributional Style (Optimistic Vs. Depressive) Internal Vs. External Attrib Stable Vs. Unstable Global Vs. Specific  Rationalization vs. Rational Thinking

12 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO FEEL GOOD AND NOT FEEL BAD  Freud: Pleasure Principle  Rogers: Organismic  Introjected Values  Mature Values  Self-Serving Bias Lake Wobegone Effect Downward Vs. Upward Social Comparison Attributional Style (Optimistic Vs. Depressive) Internal Vs. External Attrib Stable Vs. Unstable Global Vs. Specific  Rationalization vs. Rational Thinking

13 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO FIND (OR MAKE) MEANING AND VALUE

14  Effectance (Why did Mark keep swearing at his dad?)  Effort Justification  Transcendence Terror Management Theory Frankl: (Who Survived The Camps)  Tragedy Paradox (e.g., child’s illness)

15 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO FIND (OR MAKE) MEANING AND VALUE  Effectance (Why did Mark keep swearing at his dad?)  Effort Justification  Transcendence Terror Management Theory Frankl: (Who Survived The Camps)  Tragedy Paradox (e.g., child’s illness)

16 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO MAINTAIN SELF-INTEGRITY

17  Davis Jr.: “I gotta be me.”  Leymore: Bi-Polarities (Good/Bad; Self/Other; Us/Foreign)  Anecdote: Integration of South Boston High  Anecdote: Sarah Lampert’s Son Caught Acting Stupid  Autonomy/Reactance  Ginott / Brickman: Persuasion Vs. Attribution  Steve Piano Composition Model (My Doodles vs. Alien Doodles)

18 DO WHAT’S NECESSARY TO MAINTAIN SELF-INTEGRITY  Davis Jr.: “I gotta be me.”  Leymore: Bi-Polarities (Good/Bad; Self/Other; Us/Foreign)  Anecdote: Integration of South Boston High  Anecdote: Sarah Lampert’s Son Caught Acting Stupid  Autonomy/Reactance  Ginott / Brickman: Persuasion Vs. Attribution  Steve Piano Composition Model (My Doodles vs. Alien Doodles)

19 How Does The Mind Decide What To Think? And What Can You Do About It?

20  How much truth do I need?  How mindful can I afford to be?  Central vs. Peripheral Route to Persuasion  Central vs. Peripheral Route to SELF- Persuasion  Groupthink  Intra-psychic Groupthink


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