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Spatial Fire Management System Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Canada.

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Presentation on theme: "Spatial Fire Management System Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Canada."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spatial Fire Management System Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Canada

2 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Presentation Outline sFMS: What is it?sFMS: What is it? What is it (good) for?What is it (good) for? - Purpose - Existing implementations How does it work?How does it work? - Requirements - Database access - Interpolation - Grid calculations - Utilities - Customization DemonstrationDemonstration Future developmentFuture development

3 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts sFMS: What is it? Fire management information systemFire management information system GIS platformGIS platform Fire science models (CFFDRS)Fire science models (CFFDRS) Daily operationsDaily operations Interdependent ArcView extensionsInterdependent ArcView extensions

4 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsModules Fire Weather Index (FWI)Fire Weather Index (FWI) Fire Behaviour Prediction (FBP)Fire Behaviour Prediction (FBP) Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction (WIPP)Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction (WIPP) Optimal Resource Allocation and Prepositioning (ORAP)Optimal Resource Allocation and Prepositioning (ORAP)

5 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Fire Weather Index

6 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Fire Behavior Prediction

7 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction

8 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Optimal Resource Allocation & Prepositioning

9 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsPurpose Protection of life, property, values Protection of life, property, values Spatial information Spatial information Fire danger monitoring Fire danger monitoring Fire behavior prediction Fire behavior prediction Decision support Decision support Resource allocation Resource allocation Policy setting & review Policy setting & review

10 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Existing Implementations

11 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts

12 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Scheduled batch processing Scheduled batch processing Web dissemination Web dissemination

13 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsRequirements Hardware Hardware Software Software - Windows 95/98/NT - ArcView 3.1, Spatial Analyst 1.1 Weather data Weather data - Weather station locations - Daily noon observations Spatial data Spatial data - Elevation - Fuels

14 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts The Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Drought Code (DC) Initial Spread Index (ISI) Buildup Index (BUI) Fire Weather Index (FWI) Fire Weather Observations Fuel Moisture Codes Fire Behavior Indices Temperature Relative humidity Wind Speed Rain Temperature Relative humidity Rain Temperature Rain Wind Speed

15 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts The Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System Head, Flank & Back Fire Spread Distances Flank & Back Fire Rates of Spread Flank & Back Fire Intensities Elliptical Fire Area & Perimeter Rate of Perimeter Growth Length-to Breadth Ratio FuelsWeather Topography Foliar Moisture Content Type & Duration of Prediction FBP System Fuel Type FFMC, ISI, BUI, Wind Speed & Direction Percent Slope & Upslope Direction Elevation, Latitude, Longitude & Date Elapsed Time, Point or Line Ignition Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System PrimarySecondary Rate of Spread Fuel Consumption Head Fire Intensity Crown Fraction Burned Fire Description

16 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Database access ODBC ODBC SQL SQL

17 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsInterpolation IDW IDW Parameters Parameters Wind direction Wind direction Elevation adjustment Elevation adjustment

18 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Elevation adjustment Temperature 1. T sea = T obs - gz 2. Interpolate T sea 3. T final = T sea + gz Relative Humidity 1. ln(E w ) = (2354/T) 2. E = (RH obs /100) * E w 3. Interpolate E 4. RH final = (E/E w ) * 100

19 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Grid Calculation Options

20 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsUtilities Theme manager Theme manager Batch processing Batch processing Theme information Theme information ArcView functionality ArcView functionality

21 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsCustomization Configurations Configurations Legend files Legend files User scripts User scripts

22 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêtsDemonstration

23 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Future development FWI FWI - Startup mask grid calculator - Interpolated / calculated combination grids - Delayed retry or shut down for batch processes - Disk cleanup script for batch processes - Minimum number of stations reporting - Wind field script - Log file - Weather station labeller FBP FBP - Open fuel types list ORAP ORAP - Utilities to copy and save deployments - Coverage weighting (e.g. by HFI or WTR) for optimizer - Improvements to the detection assessment report WIPP WIPP - Equation editor

24 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Future development: New extensions Wildfire Threat Rating Wildfire Threat Rating Fire occurrence prediction Fire occurrence prediction - Include fire & lightning plotter - Include WIPP - Incorporate PEOPLE & SPARKY Fire growth modelling Fire growth modelling - Incorporate CWFGM & PFAS Spatial Fire Climatology Spatial Fire Climatology

25 Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Thank You! Questions? For more information:


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