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Spatial Fire Management System

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Presentation on theme: "Spatial Fire Management System"— Presentation transcript:

1 Spatial Fire Management System
Natural Resources Canada Canadian Forest Service Ressources naturelles Canada Service canadien des forêts Spatial Fire Management System Canada

2 Presentation Outline sFMS: What is it? What is it (good) for?
- Purpose - Existing implementations How does it work? - Requirements - Database access - Interpolation - Grid calculations - Utilities - Customization Demonstration Future development

3 sFMS: What is it? Fire management information system GIS platform
Fire science models (CFFDRS) Daily operations Interdependent ArcView extensions

4 Modules Fire Weather Index (FWI) Fire Behaviour Prediction (FBP)
Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction (WIPP) Optimal Resource Allocation and Prepositioning (ORAP)

5 Fire Weather Index

6 Fire Behavior Prediction

7 Wildfire Ignition Probability Prediction

8 Optimal Resource Allocation & Prepositioning

9 Purpose Protection of life, property, values Spatial information
Fire danger monitoring Fire behavior prediction Decision support Resource allocation Policy setting & review

10 Existing Implementations


12 Scheduled batch processing
Web dissemination

13 Requirements Hardware Software Weather data Spatial data
- Windows 95/98/NT - ArcView 3.1, Spatial Analyst 1.1 Weather data - Weather station locations - Daily noon observations Spatial data - Elevation - Fuels

14 The Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System
Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC) Duff Moisture Code (DMC) Drought Code (DC) Initial Spread Index (ISI) Buildup Index (BUI) Fire Weather Index (FWI) Fire Weather Observations Fuel Moisture Codes Behavior Indices Temperature Relative humidity Wind Speed Rain Wind Speed

15 The Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System
Head, Flank & Back Fire Spread Distances Flank & Back Fire Rates of Spread Flank & Back Fire Intensities Elliptical Fire Area & Perimeter Rate of Perimeter Growth Length-to Breadth Ratio Fuels Weather Topography Foliar Moisture Content Type & Duration of Prediction FBP System Fuel Type FFMC, ISI, BUI, Wind Speed & Direction Percent Slope & Upslope Direction Elevation, Latitude, Longitude & Date Elapsed Time, Point or Line Ignition Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System Primary Secondary Rate of Spread Fuel Consumption Head Fire Intensity Crown Fraction Burned Fire Description

16 Database access ODBC SQL

17 Interpolation IDW Parameters Wind direction Elevation adjustment

18 Elevation adjustment Relative Humidity Temperature
1. ln(Ew) = (2354/T) 2. E = (RHobs/100) * Ew 3. Interpolate E 4. RHfinal = (E/Ew) * 100 Temperature 1. Tsea = Tobs - gz 2. Interpolate Tsea 3. Tfinal = Tsea + gz

19 Grid Calculation Options

20 Utilities Theme manager Batch processing Theme information
ArcView functionality

21 Customization Configurations Legend files User scripts Customization

22 Demonstration Demonstration

23 Future development FWI FBP ORAP WIPP - Startup mask grid calculator
- Interpolated / calculated combination grids - Delayed retry or shut down for batch processes - Disk cleanup script for batch processes - Minimum number of stations reporting - Wind field script - Log file - Weather station labeller FBP - Open fuel types list ORAP - Utilities to copy and save deployments - Coverage weighting (e.g. by HFI or WTR) for optimizer - Improvements to the detection assessment report WIPP - Equation editor Future development

24 Future development: New extensions Wildfire Threat Rating
Fire occurrence prediction - Include fire & lightning plotter - Include WIPP - Incorporate PEOPLE & SPARKY Fire growth modelling - Incorporate CWFGM & PFAS Spatial Fire Climatology New extensions

25 Thank You! Questions? For more information:

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