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The Salem Witch Trials by Ciara Murray-Jordan & Caitlin Balagula.

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Presentation on theme: "The Salem Witch Trials by Ciara Murray-Jordan & Caitlin Balagula."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Salem Witch Trials by Ciara Murray-Jordan & Caitlin Balagula

3 How it all started (and ended)… Once upon a time, there lived three girls who were named Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, and Snow White. On their way to the annual ball, they encountered an evil mastermind who was infamously known as the Wicked Witch of the West. She told them that if they didn’t know why the chicken crossed the road, she would kill them. And they didn’t know why. So she killed them. Happily ever after. THE END

4 Sources (That are 100% NOT made up)   because-theyre-weird.com SomethingPedia The Unreliable Encyclopedia

5

6 It was early February of Reverend Parris, a 36-year old minister in the Salem Village of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, had recently been watching over as his daughter, Elizabeth Parris and his niece, Abigail Williams, were acting…strange. VERY STRANGE. Lately, these two girls had began twisting themselves into inhuman positions, making odd gestures, and uttering incoherent words. They had inhuman-like bites and pinches covering their bodies and claimed to see visions of ghosts and spirits. As a result, Reverend decided that the girls should have a visit from a physician so-called William Griggs. At the end of the check-up, the extremely intelligent doctor came up with the most realistic conclusion of all… Howdy Folks! Just on my way to bite some innocent young Puritan girls! Don’t mind if I do!

7 THEY WERE BEWITCHED!!! DUN- DUN- DUNNN Not possible. Absolutely not possible. Stupid unhappy yellow circle! It’s obvious my patients have been bewitched!

8 At least, according to Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams, that’s what you’re supposed to do. They pointed fingers towards three innocent and vulnerable women who were physically and mentally weak. One of them included Tituba, a West Indian slave for the Parris family who was considered bizarre by the town of Salem. The other two elderly women who had a bad reputation were Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne. This was the unfortunate beginning of the infamous Salem Witch Trials.

9 Tituba is teaching girls about witchcraft.

10 As a result of the several other accused witches, the governor ordered that the Court of Oyer and Teminer be opened. It is currently known as the exclusive trials in which the witches pleaded innocent or, in other cases, guilty. Although you might think, “Oh, that’s stupid. Why would someone plead guilty if they knew they were innocent?”, the questions the court asked were extremely physiologically pressuring. Here is a conversation between the magistrate and Sarah Good during a hearing: Magistrate: What evil spirit have you familiarity with? Sarah Good: None. Magistrate: Have you made no contract with the Devil? Sarah Good: No. Magistrate: Why do you hurt these children? Sarah Good: I do not hurt them. I scorn it. Magistrate: Who do you imply then to do it? Sarah Good: I imply no body. Magistrate: What creature do you imply then? Sarah Good: No creature. I am falsely accused. As you can see, although Sarah Good pleaded innocent, the court talked to her as if she admitted that she was a witch.

11 On top of asking compelling questions, the people in charge of the court also looked for physical evidence of being of witch. The witches supposedly injected puppets, pins and/or sharp objects into their victims’ skin. The witch would fashion a model of their enemy and poke the objects into that model, causing inflicting pain on the actual body. They looked for a projecting body part that the Devil supposedly fed to the witch in the formation of a small animal. This protruding part was called a witch’s tit. They checked for supernatural abilities. They forced the blamed witches to stare at their enemies and looked to see if that caused seizures. The witches were told to recite the Lord’s prayer. If there were any mistakes, they could be charged as a witch. If the bewitched child was having a fit, the accused witch had to touch him/her in order to see if the witch could heal the affliction or not. Random Fact About Hands & Witches When Mary Eastey, an accused witch, was on trial, she clasped her hands together. Mercy Lewis’s, one her victims, hands stuck together at the same time Eastey’s did. She claimed that she couldn’t release them until Eastey did. Random Fact About Hands & Witches When Mary Eastey, an accused witch, was on trial, she clasped her hands together. Mercy Lewis’s, one her victims, hands stuck together at the same time Eastey’s did. She claimed that she couldn’t release them until Eastey did. + _____

12  GET PREGNANT! Pregnant women weren’t executed after being named a witch. The Puritans may have been cruel, but they didn’t believe that a baby should die because of his/her mother being a witch.  CONFESS! The Puritans thought that if someone confessed their sin, it was God who choose how they should be punished. As a result, they were freed. Yet, as more figured this out, more witch nonsense was spread through Salem.  RUN AWAY! Many witches ran from the prisons they were held in. People did manage this. They included Phillip and Mary English, Hezekiah Usher, and John Alden.

13 Dunking was a popular, but dreaded method of torture the Massachusetts Bay Colony used. It was like a modern-day flag pole, but instead of a flag, there was an alleged witch trussed to a wooden chair. The chair was elevated and controlled by pulling a rope. It was used to force the accused to confess or give up information. If the person didn’t cooperate, he/she would be dunked under the water. Pressing was another gory torture technique the people of Salem used to cause pain to accused witches. The suspect was placed under a flat board and it was one a time, covered by heavy rocks and stones. A famous case involved Giles Cory, a supposed witch who refused to plead guilty or innocent. After being pressed for more than two days straight, he still failed to plead. Therefore, he was killed by the crushing pressure.

14 The lives of 19 innocent convicted witches ended at the primary location of execution during the Salem Witch Trials, Gallows Hill. The deaths took place on four separate dates- June 10, July 19, August 19, and September 22. On the right is the forlorn death of an accused witch named Bridget Bishop. She was the first person to be murdered due to the fact that people thought she was a witch. Okay, let’s get this fact straight. Burning witches at the stake was NOT used during the Salem Witch Trials. I repeat. Burning witches at the stake was NOT used during the Salem Witch Trials.. This execution process was only commonly used in European witch hunts and the Spanish Inquisition.

15 

16 Accused Witch/WizardDate of DeathCause of Death Bridget BishopJune 10, 1692Hanged Rebecca NurseJuly 19, 1692Hanged Sarah GoodJuly 19, 1692Hanged Susannah MartinJuly 19, 1692Hanged Elizabeth HoweJuly 19, 1692Hanged Sarah WildesJuly 19, 1692Hanged George BurroughsAugust 19, 1692Hanged Martha CarrierAugust 19, 1692Hanged John WillardAugust 19, 1692Hanged George Jacobs, Sr.August 19, 1682Hanged John ProctorAugust 19, 1692Hanged Martha CoreySeptember 22, 1692Hanged Mary EasteySeptember 22, 1692Hanged Ann PudeatorSeptember 22, 1692Hanged

17 Alice ParkerSeptember 22, 1692Hanged Mary ParkerSeptember 22, 1692Hanged Wilmott ReddSeptember 22, 1692Hanged Margaret ScottSeptember 22, 1692Hanged Samuel WardwellSeptember 22, 1692Hanged Giles CoreySeptember 19, 1692Pressed Sarah OsbornMay 10, 1692In Prison Roger ToothakerJune 1692 (Exact Date is Unknown) In Prison Lydia DustinMarch 10, 1693In Prison Ann FosterDecember 3, 1692In Prison

18 Why did the Salem Witch Trials End? There were numerous reasons why the Salem Witch Trials actually came to a close. No one directly pointed out that there would be no more accusations and hangings. However, the people nowadays can look back and understand the signs of its end and what they meant. Increase Mather once said, “To take away the life of anyone, merely because a specter or Devil, in a bewitched or possessed person does accuse them, will bring the guilt of innocent blood on the land.” Despite Rebecca Nurse’s kind and saintly personality, she was executed. George Burroughs movingly and perfectly recited the Lord’s Prayer before he was hanged. Giles Corey stubbornly, yet heroically, refused to admit if he was a witch or not. These occurrences started to cause the townspeople sorrow and regret towards the artificiality of the girls’ seizures and the existence od witches. The “bewitched” girls’ overwhelming number of accusations were becoming a clear sign that they were not actually under the possession of the Devil. Lady Phips, the wife of Governor Phips, was accused of using witchcraft on others. However, Phips had already blamed several others for the same reason. Later on in life, the afflicted girls came across an elderly woman. They immediately went into one of their spasmodic fits. Another by-passer told them to take it somewhere else. Proceeding this event, the girls coincidentally(or not), stopped accusing others for their supposed bewitchment. Now, since I told you the end of the Salem Witch Trials, you think this extremely weird, but beautiful, PowerPoint presentation is over. WELL IT’S NOT.

19 What might have really happened to the afflicted girls is not 100% definite. Here are the two main things historians believe could have happened to the girls: They could have possibly injected ergot poisoning, a fungus that grows on grain. The Puritans ate rye bread and the fungi could have somehow contaminated the bread, causing the girls to take the poison in and become stricken with the seizures. They could have possibly been amazing actresses. People say that, in the beginning, they were just looking for attention from others. However, after the first three arrests of “witches” were made, that’s when they acknowledged their real power. Yet, they couldn’t stop. Otherwise, they would be condemned for accusing people of felonies that they never committed. So, they continued on with their fits, causing the arrests of many and the deaths of 24.

20 On January 15, in the colony of Massachusetts, the one judge and 12 Salem jurors begged for forgiveness on a day we know as Day of Humiliation. (Don’t you think we should have more of those?) Samuel Parris, one of the causes of the whole witch hunt, was kicked out of Salem. ( Cough, “Epic,” Cough, “Fail”) Only one of the alleged victims of witch craft, Ann Putnam, openly accredited her disturbing role in the death of many innocent people. In 1706, the pastor read her statement aloud. “It was a great delusion of Satan that deceived me at that said time…I desire to lie in the dust and earnestly beg forgiveness.” Despite people’s genuine forgiveness, most of the pardoned “witches” lived the rest of their lives in poverty with tainted reputations. Eventually, everyone died. The Devil made me do it!

21 This is exactly what the accused witches in Salem DIDN’T look like. This is the Court of Oyer and Terminer. This is Sarah Good’s, one of the accused witches, graves. Nice tights, dude!

22 We would like to honor this beautiful presentation that we did to all the innocent people America lost because of some silly, stupid, and false accusations made by SOME people. (Yeah, I’m talking to you Ann Putnam. No excuses.) Anyway, so yeah

23 Picture URLs           lCfAq0Pj4c3C3-il-rpEE0XkhQ92dQYUECqZnLlbg/CLIPART_OF_10919_SM.jpg?psid=1           w180h240.jpg     

24 (Real) Information Sources  The Salem Witch Trials Edited by Laura Marvel  The Devil on Trial by Philip Margulies & Maxine Rosaler      

25 THE END.


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