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Proverbs 1 to 9 The proverbs of Solomon Study 1

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1 Proverbs 1 to 9 The proverbs of Solomon Study 1
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

2 THE BOOK OF PROVERBS Ch 1-9 The seeking of wisdom Ch 10:1 to Ch 24:34 Proverbs of Solomon – includes wise men’s proverbs cf :17, 24:23 Ch 25:1 to 29:27 Hezekiah’s collection of Solomon’s proverbs

3 THE BOOK OF PROVERBS Ch 30 Words of Agur Ch 31:1-9 Words of King Lemuel Ch 31:10-31 The virtuous woman

4 PROVERBS – THE TEACHING STYLES
SYNTHETIC PARALLELISM Two parallel ideas then a third completes the sequence 26:3.. A whip for the horse a bridle for the ass and a rod for the back of fools ANTITHETIC PARALLELISM Second phrase opposite to the first 15:1.. A soft answer turneth away wrath,but grievous words stir up strife SYNONYMOUS Second phrase repeats the idea in varied form 15:12.. a scorner loveth not one that reproves him, neither will he go into the wise

5 PROVERBS AND THE LAW Prov 6:21,22…..cf Deut 6:7,8 “bind them continually upon thy heart” Prov 3:3…..cf Deut 10:12,16 11:18 30:6 “…the tables of the heart..” Prov 4:27 …cf Deut 5:32, 17:20 “turn not to the right hand or the left”

6 JESUS AND THE PROVERBS Prov 14:12, 28 ….the way of life and death Matt 7:13,14….the broad way and the narrow way Prov 25:7,8….taking the high seat Luke 14:10….parable of the man taking the chief seats Prov 11:28….warning not to trust in riches Mark 10:24….warning to those who trust in riches

7 PROVERBS 1 V the purpose of the book V warning regarding evil companions V the first appeal of Wisdom V the consequences of refusal

8 PROVERBS – The purpose of the book
Wisdom applied skill Instruction reprove, warn Understanding discrimination Wisdom prudence Subtlety discretion Knowledge awareness Discretion plan, sagacity Wise counsels guide, steer Interpretations figures of speech Dark sayings riddles, puzzles

9 THE WORDS USED FOR WISDOM IN PROVERBS
chokmah..used 42 times ..knowledge, understanding, applied skill 1:1 sakel.. insight, prudence, intelligence 1:3, 12:8, 23:9 orma.. shrewdness, discretion, subtlety 1:4, 8:5 bina.. 12 times translated understanding, wisdom once 23:4 leb.. heart 4 times 10:21, 11:12, 15:21, 19:8 tushiyah .. ability 2:7, 2:21, 8:14

10 THE THEME OF EVIL COMPANIONS
no one will see v11 nothing will go wrong v12 all in it together v13 all share the spoil v14

11 THREE REJECTORS OF WISDOM
the simple……. Heb peti.. naive, open mind scorners……Heb les…scoff, deride fools ……….Heb kesil…gross, stupid

12 THREE WORDS FOR FOOL evyle….perverse, stubborn, stupid kesil…. gross, silly nabal ….wicked, boorish, stupid

13 THE CHARACTER OF THE FOOL
hates knowledge ..1:22 destroyed by prosperity..1:32 is always right 12:15 no self control.. 12:16 speaks stupidly.. 12:23 prefers evil.. 13:19 mocks at sin.. 14:9

14 THE CHARACTER OF THE FOOL
despises parents..15:20 feeds on foolishness..15:14 loves arguments 18:6,7 trusts his own heart.. 28:26 will receive shame in the end.. 3:35 will submit to the wise finally.. 11:29

15 CONSEQUENCES OF REFUSAL Proverbs 1:25-29
God will laugh at their calamity v26 no response from God to their fear v27 no answer from God to prayer v 28 because they set at nought his counsel v 25 because they hated knowledge v 29 no fear of God v 29

16 Proverbs 1 to 9 The gaining of wisdom Study 2
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

17 CHAPTER 2 V1-6 how wisdom is obtained V 7-15 the moral application of wisdom V 16-22 a warning to avoid the foreign woman ,folly

18 CHAPTER 2 teaching v1 listening v2 asking v3 seeking v4 understanding v5-9 discretion v11 walk v12,13

19 THE STEPS TO DECLINE Proverbs 2:12-18
speak perverse things .. v12, 16 leave paths of righteousness .. v13 walk in ways of darkness .. v13 rejoice in evil .. v14 delight in sin .. v14 way of life is crooked .. v15 leave the truth .. v17 finish in death .. v18

20 THE FOREIGN WOMAN Ch 2:16-22 v 16 strange woman (Heb zuwr) foreign, out of the way,alien,harlot used Psa 69:8 stranger (Heb nokriy) foreign, outlandish, adulterous used 1 Kings 11:1, Neh 13:26 knows the truth but forsook it v17 forsook guides (friends) of her youth, and the covenant of her God v17 her paths and house lead to death v18 admonition to stay in way of life v 20-22

21 CHAPTER 3 V1-12 wisdom in the heart V13-18 the benefits of wisdom V19-26 the power of wisdom V27-35 the application of wisdom

22 WISDOM IN THE HEART Ch 2 emphasizes searching, asking, learning wisdom whilst Ch3 is remembering and practising it cf v1 forget not mercy and truth to be bound round the neck and inscribed upon the heart Ex 34:6,7 1 Kings 3:6 used 11 times together in the Psalms law in the heart not on tables of stone Jer 31: Cor 3:3

23 THE DISCIPLINE OF WISDOM
v11,12 Despise not the chastening of the Lord.. Deut 8:5 quoted from speech of Eliphaz in Job 5:17 directed at Job in an inappropriate context Paul expounds the true application to those who are “sons of God” Heb 12:5,6

24 THE REWARDS OF WISDOM Prov 3:13-18
happiness v13 better than riches v14,15 length of life v16 peace v17 ultimately eternal life v18

25 QUALITIES OF WISDOM greater in value than riches v 13-15 reverses the effects of the transgression in Eden v16-18 wisdom was the power behind creation v Ch 8 benefits and security which wisdom provides v21-26

26 THE APPLICATION OF WISDOM
generosity of spirit v 27,28 peaceful disposition toward others v 29-30 don’t envy the wicked v31 God will deal with the wicked v32-34 God’s grace to the humble and glory for the wise v 34-35

27 Proverbs 1 to 9 The rewards of wisdom Study 3
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

28 CHAPTER 4 v1-9 heeding the instruction of parents v 10-19 virtues of the practice of wisdom v 20-27 wisdom in practice

29 PROVERBS 4….The word, doctrine and commandments in the life of the wise
v 1-3… Solomon acknowledges his parents instruction v4…retain the word [Heb.hold fast] v 6 …forsake not the word v 8 …exalt and embrace the word v10…receive the word v20… attend to the word [Heb to prick up the ear]

30 THE VIRTUES OF WISDOM IN LIFE
benefits in life now and in the future 4:10,13,18 keeps us in right paths and away from evil 4:11,12,14-17

31 WISDOM IN PRACTICE Proverbs 4:20-27
flesh..the person… v22 heart..the inner man…v23 lips, mouth..speeech …v24 eyes take in…v25 walk..way of life… v26

32 CHAPTER 5 V 1-6 the seductiveness of the strange woman V 7-14 the consequences of evil V 15-23 the wisdom of the sanctity of marriage

33 EFFECTS OF EVIL Proverbs 5:9-14
loss of health..v9 loss of dignity..v10 loss of wealth..v10 loss of good conscience..v11,13 public humiliation and condemnation..v14

34 WISDOM AND THE SANCTITY OF MARRIAGE
the wife is a fountain whose waters are not shared with another v15-17 faithfulness to the wife of your youth v18,19 avoid the stranger v 20 nothing hid from Yahweh v 21 the victim will bear the consequences of his own iniquity v 22,23

35 Proverbs 1 to 9 The ways of life and death Study 4
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

36 CHAPTER 6 V1-5 The folly of being security for a friend V 6-15 The example of the sluggard V 16-19 Seven things Yahweh hates V 20-23 Repeat of exhortation to keep the commandments V 24-35 The folly of immorality

37 FOLLY OF GOING SECURITY FOR A FRIEND
v1 you are now in debt to a stranger, a third party v2 you are now bound by your own words v3 free yourself from the obligation at all cost, better to humble yourself than lose the friend v4,5 lose sleep over it but secure your friend Prov 3:28, James 2:16 tells us to discharge the debt for your brother if you have the means in the first place

38 CHARACTER OF THE SLOTHFUL
attached to his bed .. 26:14 makes excuses .. 26:13 does not initiate things .. 6:9,10 never finishes tasks .. 12:27 does not face difficulties .. 20:4 restless .. 21:26 helpless .. 15:19 useless waster .. 18:9 10:26

39 SEVEN THINGS YAHWEH HATES Ch 6:16-19
a proud look (eyes) v17 a lying tongue v17 hands that shed innocent blood v17 heart that devises wicked imaginations v18 feet swift to run to mischief v18 a false witness speaking lies v19 sowing discord among brethren v19

40 THE FOLLY OF IMMORALITY
v20-23 remember the commandments v24-25 avoid the allurements of the evil woman v The consequences are ruin, condemnation, despised more than a thief, self destruction, no hope of restoration, no appeasement of the offended party.

41 Proverbs 1 to 9 Examples of folly Study 5
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

42 CHAPTER 7 V 1-5 Repetition of exhort to keep the commandments V 6-27 The seductive ways of folly

43 THE COMMANDMENTS Ch 7:1-3 apple of the eye…what we see, how we perceive fingers… control our actions heart … thoughts and emotions

44 THE WOMAN OF FOLLY Proverbs 7
wayward, loose, foreign v5 in darkness v9 a harlot but conceals her intentions v10 loud, hard faced v13 feigns righteousness, false religion v14 flattering v15, 21 adulterous v19 death or at least wounded v21,22

45 CHAPTER 8 V 1-21 the appeal of wisdom V 22-31 the credentials of wisdom V 32-36 the exhortation of wisdom

46 SEVEN EXCELLENT THINGS Proverbs 8:6-11
right things v6 truth v7 righteousness v8,9 understanding v9 instruction v10 knowledge v10 riches of wisdom v11

47 SEVEN PILLARS OF WISDOM v12-21
instruction v 12,14 prudence v12 fear of Yahweh v13 counsel v14 strength v 14 judgment v15,16 reward v17-21

48 WISDOM’S CREDENTIALS wisdom always been with Yahweh v22,23 associated with all the works of creation v Job 38:4,36 not created or derived but always part of God and what he is John 1:1-3 works all ordered and controlled to teach moral lessons all designed for the benefit of man v31 therefore it is prudent to be directed by wisdom and great blessings and rewards will be the result v33-36

49 Proverbs 1 to 9 Wisdom’s final appeal Study 6
Ancient scroll of the book of Proverbs

50 CHAPTER 9 V 1-12 the final appeal of Wisdom…promise of life V 13-18 the final appeal of Folly…the end is death

51 PROVERBS 9 WISDOM FOLLY calls to the simple v calls to the simple v4 sacrifices v stupidity v13 bread and wine v stolen waters, bread of secrecy v17 offers understanding v knows nothing v 13 sends forth messengers v sits at door v 14 offers life v offers death v 15

52 THE FINAL APPEAL the familiar characters appear for the final time. The two principals the women of wisdom and folly v1, 13 wisdom v1 the simple v4,16, the foolish v6,13 the scorner v8,12, the wise v9, the dead v18 knowledge has now become wisdom cf 1:7, 9:10


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