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THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG LASER IN THE TREATMENT OF ACQUIRED MELANOCYTIC NEVI THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG.

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Presentation on theme: "THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG LASER IN THE TREATMENT OF ACQUIRED MELANOCYTIC NEVI THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG LASER IN THE TREATMENT OF ACQUIRED MELANOCYTIC NEVI THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF SHORT PULSE ERBIUM:YAG LASER IN THE TREATMENT OF ACQUIRED MELANOCYTIC NEVI Mete Baba*, Deniz Seçkin*, Nebil Bal** Başkent University Faculty of Medicine Department of Dermatology* and Pathology** Mete Baba*, Deniz Seçkin*, Nebil Bal** Başkent University Faculty of Medicine Department of Dermatology* and Pathology**

2 No study evaluating the efficacy and safety of an erbium:YAG laser with its small penetration depth and fewer adverse effects in the treatment of acquired melanocytic nevi.

3 Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of short pulse erbium:YAG laser in the treatment of acquired melanocytic nevi

4 Patients and Methods Patient selection and consent Laser treatment Follow-up Biopsy and histopathologic assessment

5 Inclusion criterias Benign-appearing melanocytic nevi (clinically and dermatoscopically) Nonfacial localization Diameter < 6 mm Flat or just palpable

6 Lazer treatment 1 J 5 Hz 300 µs 2940 nm

7 Follow-up Wound healing Infection Scarring Pigmentary changes

8 Biopsy and histopathologic assessment Biopsy (punch) Histochemical examination H&E Masson-Fontana Immunohistochemical examination S-100 HMB-45

9 Results 14 patients (10 women and 4 men; aged, years; mean, 32.6 years). Four to ten pulses of laser irradiation were sufficient for clinical removal of all nevi Epithelization time was between 7 and 10 days Redness persisted up to 3 weeks in all cases

10 Results-Safety Infection; no Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation; 2 cases Hypopigmentation; 3 cases

11 Results-Efficasy Complete removal; clinically; all of the nevi, and histopathologically, 27 of 28 nevi Nevus cells located in dermis (at a depth of 0,25mm); only one specimen

12 Findings-Histopathology Epidermis; normal Dermis; mild fibrosis ranging between mm (mean, 0.24 mm) Perivascular lymphocyte and eosinophil infiltration; 7 specimens Several melanophages; 4 specimens

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14 Discussion-Efficasy The depth of vaporization; 2-4 µm for each 1 J/cm 2, 4 to 10 pulses of erbium:YAG laser irradiation at fluencies between 5.2 and 14.4 J/cm2 are sufficient to remove nevus cells in the dermo-epidermal junction and the upper dermis. In 1 nevus in this study, incomplete

15 Discussion-Safety Melanin pigment içeriği az olan nevüs hücrelerinde yeterli harabiyetin oluşmaması Epidermal pigment yoğunluğunun blokaj etkisi nedeni ile lazer ışınlarının daha alt seviyelerdeki nevüs hücrelerine ulaşamaması

16 Malignant transformation Laser ? Malignant transformation

17 Erbium: YAG lazer; safe and effective


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