Presentation on theme: "Using Capital Letters Les Hanson 2002. Overview wThis presentation reviews the rules you (should) already know as well as some of the tricky aspects."— Presentation transcript:
Overview wThis presentation reviews the rules you (should) already know as well as some of the tricky aspects of capitalization wIt deals with the following topics: Titles Names Sentences Lists wIn general, specific names require capitals Lake Superior, Fred, Great Depression wGeneral names do not require capitals the prairies, my uncle, a recession
Sentences wCapitalize the first word of a sentence wAnd the first word of a quoted sentence She said, “You are stupid.” wDon’t capitalize the second part of a fragmented quotation “You are stupid,” she said, “and your mother dresses you funny.” wDon’t capitalize partial quotes He talked of the “plausible deniability” of the scheme.
Lists wCapitalize sentences that follow a colon Remember this: Grammar is boring. wCapitalize the first word of each item in a vertical list These punctuation marks are confusing: C olons S emicolons D ashes wDon’t capitalize words in horizontal lists Language is made up of numerous parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.
Titles of books, articles, and songs wCapitalize the first, last, and all important words in a title wDon’t capitalize short articles, prepositions, and conjunctions As You Like It The Merry Wives of Windsor Love’s Labours Lost Taming of the Shrew The Merchant of Venice
Names and Titles wCapitalize the specific names of people, places, and institutions Stockwell Day, Alberta, Canadian Alliance wBut not general references party leader, communist, fascist, right wing wCapitalize titles that precede names Prime Minister Chretien, Aunt Polly wBut not when used alone, or after names The minister was demoted to the back benches Bill, my uncle, sat beside Gary Doer, premier of Manitoba
Names of Groups wCapitalize races, religions, and languages Bosnian, Buddhism, French, Cree wDo not capitalize general references aboriginal, white, black, fundamentalist wSome words vary according to usage A native speaker of English A Native from the Yukon (used as a substitute for “Indian” Australian Aborigines have certain aboriginal rights
Product Names wCapitalize brand names and trademarks Coke, Kleenix, Roller Blades, Popsicle wDo not capitalize generic product names cola, tissues, inline skates, flavoured ice wCapitalize words derived from proper nouns Freudian slip, Swiss cheese, E nglish muffin wEventually such words lose their capitals pasteurize, french fry, panama hat, scotch
Dates and Directions wCapitalize days of the week, months, holidays Monday, June, Thanksgiving wBut not seasons summer, fall, winter wDon’t capitalize directions I drove north for two blocks wUnless it refers to a specific location Fighting broke out in the Middle East Winter roads are common in the North
Course Names wCapitalize specific names of courses History 101, Intermediate Basket- weaving, a Bachelor of Arts degree wBut not general references to courses geography, communication, accounting He is studying engineering
Interactive Exercise wClick on the buttons below or key in the links to do interactive exercises on capitalization (and to receive a dose of Winnipeg trivia) http://xnet.rrc.mb.ca/leshanson/Hot_Potat o/Capitalization_1.htm http://xnet.rrc.mb.ca/leshanson/Hot_Potat o/Capitalization_1.htm http://xnet.rrc.mb.ca/leshanson/Hot_Potat o/Capitalization_2.htm http://xnet.rrc.mb.ca/leshanson/Hot_Potat o/Capitalization_2.htm Capitalization 1Capitalization 2