Presentation on theme: "Psycho – motor development Source: Gymnastics Canada Age 3 – 5 Age 6 – 8 Age 9 – 12 Age 12 – 15 Age 16 +"— Presentation transcript:
Psycho – motor development Source: Gymnastics Canada Age 3 – 5 Age 6 – 8 Age 9 – 12 Age 12 – 15 Age 16 +
Characteristics age 3 - 5 Lives in a world where imagination and imitation predominate. Highly individualistic, even selfish. Fears unknown people. Very poor concentration (seconds – minutes). Low reasoning ability. Motor performance is strongly related to touch and kinesthetic sense.
Suggestions age 3 - 5 Encourage children to use both sides when learning new skills. Give simple explanations. Teach learning activities through games. Be aware of the child’s growth and his limitations. Use imagery (walk like an elephant). Generously encourage efforts and compliment the child regularly.
Characteristics age 6 - 8 Learns best by observing and immediatelly experimenting. Short attention span (a few minutes). Is inclined to imitate, be creative, curious and eager to learn. Always in motion. Have relatively little coordination, little endurance.
Suggestions age 6 - 8 Capability to gain a lot of physical and motor skills. Use of games very popular and productive. Very important to be successful in the different activities. Generously encourage efforts and compliment the child regularly. Instruction, teaching and guidance must be specific, simple, and have a clear goal. Participation and fun are more important than the end result.1 Work on developing technical and mental qualities.
Characteristics age 9 - 12 Likes to work, learn and achieve Individualistic but looks more and more to the group. Better coordination and endurance. Girls are generally stronger and faster than boys. Wants to gain more independence and seeks to make himself useful. Seeks to avoid authority and challenges adults.
Suggestions age 9 - 12 Group students by abilities and not by age. Introduce more complex training and more decision training. Develop self esteem. Encourage interaction and cooperation with others. Attention span is longer (over 10 minutes). To early to work towards a high performance training. Participate in many sports/activities.
Characteristics age 12 - 15 They do not like being told what to do. Long attention span (over 20 minutes). Some specialization can be initiated. Appreciates individual achievement, loves challenges. Girls gain more weight than boys. The capacity of self analysis is developing. Still fairly influenced by success or failure.
Suggestions age 12 - 15 Time of motor engagement must be as high as possible. Teaching techniques may be more specific and more complex. Provide opportunities for students to make decisions and solve problems on their own. Supervise the risk-taking activities. Make sure that they still have time for social activities.
Characteristics age 16 + They need self management. There are no limitations for training. They assume their decisions or actions. Winning is the ultimate goal.
Suggestions age 16 + Source: Gymnastics Canada Make sure to take into account all the elements in planning their activities. Have the students fully involved in the planning. Likes to be treated as an adult and with respect. Provide access to professionals of all fields.