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European Union & Environment. Introduction Optimistic Outlook -> Emissions of toxic substances declined -> Dangerous pesticides and chemicals – banned.

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Presentation on theme: "European Union & Environment. Introduction Optimistic Outlook -> Emissions of toxic substances declined -> Dangerous pesticides and chemicals – banned."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Union & Environment

2 Introduction Optimistic Outlook -> Emissions of toxic substances declined -> Dangerous pesticides and chemicals – banned or restricted -> Dangerous pesticides and chemicals – banned or restricted -> Rates of recycling are up -> Rates of recycling are up -> Environment in EU - protection -> Environment in EU - protection Only a few problems solved -> Problems of the future – much harder comprehended and brought under control -> Problems of the future – much harder comprehended and brought under control -> Individuals – do not understand the consequences of their actions -> Individuals – do not understand the consequences of their actions

3 Protecting the Water UE Goal – cleaning all waters by the end of 2010 end of million € - regions with less than 75% average income than 75% average income Portugal – from 60% (1995) to 95% (2005) (2005) Ireland – from 20% (1990) to 80% (2005) (2005)

4 Protection of the Life -> Industrial Development – threat -> Biodiversity - decrease -> Natura 2000 program – completed in > Protection vs Development -> EU supports environmental projects -> 60 million € - elephant and jungle conservation

5 Protection of other areas Protection of Forests -> 127,8 million ha in EU -> 127,8 million ha in EU -> Increase of 10% from 1960 to > Increase of 10% from 1960 to > 1995 – 2000 – ha created -> 1995 – 2000 – ha created -> ha – rehabilitated -> ha – rehabilitated -> 50 million € - tropical forests -> 50 million € - tropical forests Protection of Air -> Problems : depletion of stratospheric O 3, controlling acidification and climate change. -> Greenhouse gas effect -> attempted to be reduce every year -> 60% areas from EU – suffer from acidification -> Balance between rail, road, air and shipping.

6 Looking East Environment – supported by PHARE and TACIS programmes Countries of SU – environment a priority for TACIS Ten Countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria) -> ratified Europe Agreements Strategy – emphasis of environment in the accession - cooperation - advice -> investment

7 Then and Now While the effect of human activity on the global climate is hotly debated, physical signs of environmental change are all around us. While the effect of human activity on the global climate is hotly debated, physical signs of environmental change are all around us. Some scientists say an increase in the rate of melting of the world's glaciers is evidence of global warming. Some scientists say an increase in the rate of melting of the world's glaciers is evidence of global warming. Argentina's Upsala Glacier was once the biggest in South America, but it is now disappearing at a rate of 200 meters per year. Argentina's Upsala Glacier was once the biggest in South America, but it is now disappearing at a rate of 200 meters per year. Other scientists say its reduction is due to complicated shifts in glacial dynamics and local geology. Other scientists say its reduction is due to complicated shifts in glacial dynamics and local geology.

8 Then and Now Rising tides Rising tides Some scientists predict that a warmer climate will trigger more violent storms, which will cause increased rates of coastal erosion. Some scientists predict that a warmer climate will trigger more violent storms, which will cause increased rates of coastal erosion. This is a section of shoreline at Cape Hatteras in North Carolina in the USA, pictured in 1999 and The southern United States and Caribbean region were battered by a series of powerful hurricanes last year. This is a section of shoreline at Cape Hatteras in North Carolina in the USA, pictured in 1999 and The southern United States and Caribbean region were battered by a series of powerful hurricanes last year. Rising sea levels are also expected to speed up coastal erosion. Rising sea levels are also expected to speed up coastal erosion.

9 Then and Now Vanishing islands Vanishing islands Other parts of the world could face even more drastic change. Other parts of the world could face even more drastic change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a consortium of several thousand independent scientists, predicts that sea levels could rise by between 9 and 88cm in the next century. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a consortium of several thousand independent scientists, predicts that sea levels could rise by between 9 and 88cm in the next century. This would threaten low-lying islands such as Tuvalu in the Pacific. These images, taken on the same day this year, show the effects of a higher than usual tide. This would threaten low-lying islands such as Tuvalu in the Pacific. These images, taken on the same day this year, show the effects of a higher than usual tide.

10 Then and Now No snow No snow As the climate warms up, mountainous regions may experience lower levels of snowfall. As the climate warms up, mountainous regions may experience lower levels of snowfall. This image shows Mount Hood in Oregon at the same time in late summer in 1985 and 2002 This image shows Mount Hood in Oregon at the same time in late summer in 1985 and 2002

11 Then and Now More pests More pests Tree-eating wood beetles are likely to benefit from a warmer climate and reproduce in ever-increasing numbers. Tree-eating wood beetles are likely to benefit from a warmer climate and reproduce in ever-increasing numbers. These images show damage to White Spruce trees in Alaska caused by the pests. These images show damage to White Spruce trees in Alaska caused by the pests.

12 The Climate Change -Climate change -> big threat -In the last century – temperature increased by 0.6ºC. -In this century – temperature will increase by a further 1.4 to Increased level of the sea -Cause – The ‘greenhouse’ gases -Kyoto Protocol

13 The Ozone Hole 1985 – A thinning of the ozone layer is discovered: “the O 3 Hole” Cause – CFCs used as aerosol propellants and refrigerants Ozone destruction – Greater at the poles 1996 – Scandinavia, Greenland and Siberia -> 45% depletion 1997 – Antarctic hole – 24 Km

14 The Ozone Layer O 3 – small concentration into atmosphere 90% - in Stratosphere – layer between 10 km and 50 km The layer – filters sun ultraviolet Threat – aerosols, volcanic eruptions etc.


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