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Basics of English Grammar Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Basics of English Grammar Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basics of English Grammar Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives

2 Contents Introduction What is a noun? What is an adjective? What is a syllable? Syllable – examples Adjectives Comparative form How to build comparative forms? How to build comparative forms? Superlative form How to build superlative forms? How to build superlative forms? Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives Back

3 What is a noun? Noun is a word which refers to a thing, person, activity, place etc. car street teacher reading Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

4 What is an adjective? Adjective is a word which describes a noun fast big expensive car adjectivesnoun Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

5 What is a syllable? Syllable is a part of a word containing vowel sound reading reading 1 st syllable 2nd syllable Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

6 Syllables – examples 1. One-syllable adjectives 2. Two-syllable adjectives 3. Three-syllable adjectives fastbigcheaplong hap im pycrazydir ty portantwonderful Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

7 What is a comparative form? Comparative form expresses the idea of ‘more’ fast-er A plane is fast. But a rocket is faster. Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

8 good modern How is a comparative form built? longer one syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -y funny other two and three syllable adjectives irregular adjectives for example ‘good’ Back modern more better ier Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

9 One syllable adjectives Tina is short Susan is shorter A zebra is big An elephant is bigger Joe is tall Margaret is taller Tina 150cm Susan 145cm Joe 180cm Margaret 185cm Susan is shorter than Tina An elephant is bigger than a zebra Margaret is taller than Joe Examples Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

10 Two syllable adjectives ending in -y Slides are funny Water slides are funnier Water slides are funnier than slides Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

11 Other two and three syllable adjectives Dylan George Dylan is an engineer. He’s very clever George is a scientist. He’s more clever George is more clever than Dylan Wasps are dangerous Sharks are more dangerous Sharks are more dangerous than wasps Monkeys are intelligent Dolphins are more intelligent Dolphins are more intelligent than monkeys Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

12 What is a superlative form? Superlative form expresses the idea of ‘most’ fast-est My car is fast. Your car is fast. But his car is the fastest. Back Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

13 How is a superlative form built? longest one syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -y funny other two and three syllable adjectives irregular adjectives for example ‘good’ Back iest modern modern most good best Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

14 Examples One syllable adjectives The postman 185cm The waiter 185cm The fireman 198cm The fireman is the tallest The waiter is tall The postman is tall Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

15 Two syllable adjectives ending in -y The tyre swing is funny The roller coaster is the funniest The swings are funny Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

16 A motorbike: 6,500€ A van: 25,000€ A sports car: 70,000€ A motorbike is expensive A sports car is the most expensive Other two and three syllable adjectives Mark is clever Annie is the most clever Peter is clever, too Mark Peter Annie A van is expensive, too Where you are: ContentsNounAdjectiveSyllableComparativesSuperlatives

17 Which country is bigger : Spain… or Italy? You’re right: Spain is bigger than Italy

18 Who is more attractive? Ronaldihno …. …or Beckam ? Well, María is crazy about Ronaldinho. Isn’t that amazing?

19 Which car is faster? And cheaper? And more expensive? € 260 kph 3500€ 95 kph

20 Who is funnier? Chiquito de la Calzadarr…. …or Buenafuente ? For me, Andreu is funnier… and more intelligent

21 Which river is longer: The Thames or the Nile? The river Thames is 346 km long and… The river Nile is 6695 km long!!! It is the longest river in the world.

22 Which country is the biggest : Spain… Italy….or Russia? Of course, Russia is the biggest country.

23 Which is the fastest animal? The lion, the cheetah or the greyhound? It is the fastest land animal, reaching speeds between 112 and 120 km/h. Yes, the cheetah is a real athlete!!!

24 Which buiding is the highest ? Burj Dubai 160 floors 56 elevators Petrona’s towers 452 metres high Empire State building 381 metres It's not finished yet, but the Burj Dubai is now the tallest building in the world

25 Can you correct these sentences ? English is boringer than P.E. Gasol is the better basketball player in the USA. Spain is bigger that Italy. Chiquito is more funny than Buenafuente. My mum drives gooder than my dad. Computer games are popularer than music. English is more boring than P.E. Gasol is the best basketball player in the USA. Spain is bigger than Italy. Chiquito is funnier than Buenafuente. My mum drives better than my dad. Computer games are more popular than music.

26 AND NOW COMPARE THE FOLLOWING THINGS A MOUSE AN ELEPHANT (BIG) DISCOS PARKS (NOISY) VALENCIA CF FC BARCELONA (GOOD)

27 READING LISTENING TO MUSIC ( INTERESTING) EINSTEIN YOUR ENGLISH TEACHER (INTELLIGENT) RIDING A BIKE PLAYING CHESS (DANGEROUS )

28 And finally, can you answer the following questions using full sentences ? Who’s the oldest person in your family?And the youngest? Who’s your best friend?Who’s the most intelligent person in your class? Who is the most attractive actress in Spain? Who is the most attractive actor in the world? Which is the biggest thing you have? Which is the most important thing you have? Which is the best day of the week? Which is the most expensive thing you have ? Which is the worst month of the year? Who's the most interesting person in the school?


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