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Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats

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Presentation on theme: "Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats"— Presentation transcript:

1 Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats
Dr. Vinod. B. Mathur Professor & Dean Wildlife Institute of India Ecological and economic evaluation approaches for mainstreaming biodiversity in EIA; Saudi Arabia; November, 2008

2 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects
Environmental Impact Assessment of Road Transport Development: The State-of-the-Art in the Selected Countries of the ESCAP Region, ESCAP, Bangkok, 1988. Environmental Impact Assessment: Guidelines for Transport Development, (ST/ESCAP/785), ESCAP, 1990. Environmental Impact Assessment of Roads, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris, 1994. Roads and the Environment: A Handbook, Report TWU 13. Transport Division, World Bank, Washington DC, 1994. contd…

3 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects
Environmental Assessment in the Transportation Sector – Guidelines for Managers, Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). Washington DC, 1996. Roads and the Environment: A Handbook, Transport Division, World Bank Paper No. 376, Washington DC, 1997. Biodiversity and Environmental Impact Assessment: A Good Practice Guide for Road Scheme. Helen Byron, 2000-The RSPB, WWF-UK, English Nature and Wildlife Trusts’, Sandy. Road, Sensitive Habitats and Wildlife: Environmental Guidelines for India and South Asia. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun and Canadian. Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, V. B., Teleki, Geza C. & Mukherjee, S.K. (2000). contd…

4 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects
Environmental Collaborative Ltd, Toronto, 2001, 215 pp. Identifying the Best Locations along Highways to Provide Safe Crossing Opportunities for Wildlife. Barnum, S. (2003). Report No. CDOT-DTD-UCD Colorado Department of Transportation. Library/CDOT/CDOT-DTD-UCD pdf. Second Nature: Improving Transportation without Putting Nature Second. /Biodiversity/second_nature.pdf (last accessed on 2007). White, P. A. & Ernst, M. (2007). contd…

5 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects
Work Zone Best Practices Guidebook. Prepared by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in partnership with American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). April 2000. Best practice guidance for biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment: A manual for practitioners and reviewers in South Asia. CBBIA-IAIA Guidance Series. Capacity Building in Biodiversity and Impact Assessment (CBBIA) Project, International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), North Dakota, U.S.A. Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, Vinod B., Iftikhar, Usman A. (2007)

6 Development of Best Practice Guide: An Initiative at WII

7 Current and proposed roadwork in India: 1996-2008
Road project km Golden quadrilateral 5952 NH2 Delhi – Calcutta 1469 NH5&6 Calcutta–Chennai NH4, 7, 45 & 46 Chennai– Mumbai 1302 NH8 Delhi – Mumbai 1436 North – South and East–West corridors 7300 Source: National Highway Authority of India 1999

8 Protected Area Network and Road Development

9

10 Contents Part – I Theory and Practice
Roads and Wildlife: The Relationship Protected Areas, Wildlife and Roads: Environmental Issues Environmental Institutions, Legislations and Process Ecosystems, Impacts and Mitigative Measures Methods and Tools Additional Sources of Information

11 Contents Part – II Case Studies
Road and Rail Network Development in Gir National Park and Sanctuary, India Kohalpur-Mahakali Highway Project, Nepal Mumbai-Pune Expressway Project, India Linear Developments and Elephant Movement in Rajaji-Corbett Conservation Area, India Colombo-Katunayake Expressway Project: Integrating Environmental Considerations in Project Planning, Sri Lanka Andhra Pradesh State Highway Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project: The Nandyal-Giddalur-Thokapalli Road, India

12 Contents Annexures Annexure I – Glossary
Annexure II – Sample of Environmental Management Action Plan

13 Protected Areas, Wildlife and Roads: Environmental Issues
Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

14 Impacts of Roads Habitat fragmentation and modification
Restriction of animal movements Injury and mortality of wildlife species Impacts of Roads Soil erosion and hydrological alterations Environmental contamination Human colonization induced disturbances

15 Habitat fragmentation and modification

16 Restriction of animal movements

17 Injury and mortality of wildlife species

18 Animal mortality on roads in protected areas of India and Nepal (1997-1998)
Number of individuals killed per Tadoba Sariska Gir Corbett Pench Royal Bardia year Tiger Tiger National and Tiger Tiger National Park Reserve Reserve Park Sanctuary Reserve Reserve Nepal Wildlife habitats and the nature of roads on which mortality is reported FR SH SH SH NH NH Chital Sambar Nilgai 2 1 Wild boar Lion 2 Leopard 1 4 Tiger Langur Civet Porcupine 1 Barking deer Mongoose Hyaena 2 1 Jungle cat Total road kills Source Dubey, Johnsingh Singh & Uttar- Areendran Karki & et al. Kamboj anchal & Pasha Shreshtha pers Forest comm. Dept. pers. comm. pers. comm.

19 Soil erosion and hydrological alterations

20 Environmental contamination

21 Human colonization- induced disturbances

22 Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

23 Impact of Roads Development
Direct or Primary Impacts Indirect or Secondary Impacts Cumulative or Synergistic Impacts

24 Direct or Primary Impacts

25 Indirect or Secondary Impacts

26 Cumulative or Synergistic Impacts

27 Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

28 Significance of Impacts
Geographical Area Species, Communities, Ecosystems affected

29 Examples of potential impacts of road on wildlife
Project characteristics/ Direct impacts Indirect impacts Cumulative/ activity synergistic impacts Clearing of Loss or degrada- Reduction in Decline in wildlife vegetation tion of habitat habitat use population and diversity Increase in Increased road Decline in Change to trophic traffic volume kills populations dynamics and species composition Road alignment Increased access Unplanned Decline in habitat through wildlife to pristine wildlife development quality habitat habitat areas Poaching Species decline Land acquisition Displacement of Colonization Deterioration of for road people pressure in previously undisturbed unsettled areas natural areas

30 Thank you…


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