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Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats Ecological and economic evaluation approaches for mainstreaming biodiversity in EIA;

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Presentation on theme: "Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats Ecological and economic evaluation approaches for mainstreaming biodiversity in EIA;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Best practice guidance for planning roads through sensitive habitats Ecological and economic evaluation approaches for mainstreaming biodiversity in EIA; Saudi Arabia; November, 2008 Dr. Vinod. B. Mathur Professor & Dean Wildlife Institute of India

2 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects Environmental Impact Assessment of Road Transport Development: The State-of-the-Art in the Selected Countries of the ESCAP Region, ESCAP, Bangkok, Environmental Impact Assessment: Guidelines for Transport Development, (ST/ESCAP/785), ESCAP, Environmental Impact Assessment of Roads, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris, Roads and the Environment: A Handbook, Report TWU 13. Transport Division, World Bank, Washington DC, contd…

3 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects Environmental Assessment in the Transportation Sector – Guidelines for Managers, Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). Washington DC, Roads and the Environment: A Handbook, Transport Division, World Bank Paper No. 376, Washington DC, Biodiversity and Environmental Impact Assessment: A Good Practice Guide for Road Scheme. Helen Byron, 2000-The RSPB, WWF-UK, English Nature and Wildlife Trusts’, Sandy. Road, Sensitive Habitats and Wildlife: Environmental Guidelines for India and South Asia. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun and Canadian. Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, V. B., Teleki, Geza C. & Mukherjee, S.K. (2000). contd…

4 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects Environmental Collaborative Ltd, Toronto, 2001, 215 pp. Identifying the Best Locations along Highways to Provide Safe Crossing Opportunities for Wildlife. Barnum, S. (2003). Report No. CDOT-DTD-UCD Colorado Department of Transportation. Library/CDOT/CDOT-DTD-UCD pdf. Second Nature: Improving Transportation without Putting Nature Second. /Biodiversity/second_nature.pdf (last accessed on 2007). White, P. A. & Ernst, M. (2007). contd…

5 Existing EIA guidelines specific to road development projects Work Zone Best Practices Guidebook. Prepared by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in partnership with American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). April Best practice guidance for biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment: A manual for practitioners and reviewers in South Asia. CBBIA-IAIA Guidance Series. Capacity Building in Biodiversity and Impact Assessment (CBBIA) Project, International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), North Dakota, U.S.A. Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, Vinod B., Iftikhar, Usman A. (2007)

6 Best Practice Guide: Development of Best Practice Guide: An Initiative at WII

7 Current and proposed roadwork in India: Road projectkm Golden quadrilateral5952 NH2 Delhi – Calcutta1469 NH5&6 Calcutta–Chennai1745 NH4, 7, 45 & 46 Chennai– Mumbai1302 NH8 Delhi – Mumbai1436 North – South and East–West corridors7300 Source: National Highway Authority of India 1999

8 Protected Area Network and Road Development

9

10 Contents Part – I Theory and Practice Part – I Theory and Practice 1. Roads and Wildlife: The Relationship 2. Protected Areas, Wildlife and Roads: Environmental Issues 3. Environmental Institutions, Legislations and Process 4. Ecosystems, Impacts and Mitigative Measures 5. Methods and Tools 6. Additional Sources of Information

11 Contents Part – II Case Studies Part – II Case Studies India 1. Road and Rail Network Development in Gir National Park and Sanctuary, India Nepal 2. Kohalpur-Mahakali Highway Project, Nepal India 3. Mumbai-Pune Expressway Project, India India 4. Linear Developments and Elephant Movement in Rajaji-Corbett Conservation Area, India Sri Lanka 5. Colombo-Katunayake Expressway Project: Integrating Environmental Considerations in Project Planning, Sri Lanka India 6. Andhra Pradesh State Highway Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project: The Nandyal-Giddalur-Thokapalli Road, India

12 Contents Annexures Annexures Annexure I Annexure I –Glossary Annexure II Annexure II –Sample of Environmental Management Action Plan

13 Protected Areas, Wildlife and Roads: Environmental Issues Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

14 Soil erosion and hydrological alterations Human colonization induced disturbances Habitat fragmentation and modification Injury and mortality of wildlife species Impacts of Roads Restriction of animal movements Environmental contamination

15 Habitat fragmentation and modification

16 Restriction of animal movements

17 Injury and mortality of wildlife species

18 Number of individuals killed per TadobaSariska GirCorbettPench Royal Bardia yearTigerTiger National andTigerTiger National Park ReserveReservePark Sanctuary ReserveReserveNepal FRSHSHSHNHNH Chital213 Sambar31 Nilgai21 Wild boar Lion2 Leopard14 Tiger252 Langur17371 Civet31 Porcupine1 Barking deer2 Mongoose41 Hyaena21 Jungle cat11 Total road kills SourceDubey, Johnsingh Singh & Uttar- Areendran Karki & 1997 et al. Kambojanchal& PashaShreshtha pers Forest comm.Dept.pers. comm. pers. comm. Animal mortality on roads in protected areas of India and Nepal ( ) Wildlife habitats and the nature of roads on which mortality is reported

19 Soil erosion and hydrological alterations

20 Environmental contamination

21 Human colonization- induced disturbances

22 Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

23 Impact of Roads Development Direct or Primary Impacts Indirect or Secondary Impacts Cumulative or Synergistic Impacts

24 Direct or Primary Impacts

25 Indirect or Secondary Impacts

26 Cumulative or Synergistic Impacts

27 Impact of Roads Types of Impacts Significance of Impacts

28 Geographical Area Species, Communities, Ecosystems affected

29 Project characteristics/Direct impactsIndirect impactsCumulative/ activitysynergistic impacts Clearing of Loss or degrada-Reduction in Decline in wildlife vegetationtion of habitathabitat usepopulation and diversity Increase in Increased road Decline in Change to trophic traffic volumekills populationsdynamics and species composition Road alignment Increased access UnplannedDecline in habitat through wildlife to pristine wildlife developmentquality habitathabitat areas PoachingSpecies decline Land acquisition Displacement of Colonization Deterioration of for roadpeoplepressure in previously undisturbed unsettled areasnatural areas Examples of potential impacts of road on wildlife

30 Thank you…


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