Presentation on theme: "Singular and Plural Nouns"— Presentation transcript:
1Singular and Plural Nouns Notes On Generalizations For Spelling/Forming Plural Nouns.
2Singular vs. PluralA singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.One cat, one store, one itemA plural noun names two or more persons, places, things, or ideas.Two cats, four stores, fifteen items
3Generalizations for forming plural nouns: For most singular nouns, add s.SingularPluralteacherteachersstreetstreetspencilpencilsbookbookselephantelephants
4Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 2. For nouns ending with s, x, z, sh, or ch, add es.SingularPluralgasgaseswaxwaxeswaltzwaltzesdishdisheschurchchurches
5Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 3. For nouns ending with a consonant and y, change the y to i and add es. For nouns ending with a vowel and y, add s.SingularPluralskyskiesarmyarmiespennypenniesboyboysalleyalleys
6Generalizations for forming plural nouns: For some nouns ending with f or fe, add s. For others, change the f to v and add s or es. (You will need to memorize the spellings for such words or look them up in a dictionary to check.SingularPluralbeliefbeliefsroofroofsloafloaveslifelivesknifeknives
7Generalizations for forming plural nouns: These are a little more tricky . . .5. For nouns that end with o, add s or es. (Again, you would need to memorize the spellings of such words or look them up in a dictionary to double-check.)—One trick to remember: if it has to do with sound (“music”), just add s.—Ex: cello. piano, radioSingularPluralcellocellospianopianosradioradioszoozoospotato / tomatopotatoes / tomatoes
8Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 6. Some nouns have irregular plural forms. You will have to memorize the spelling for irregular plurals.SingularPluralchildchildrenfootfeettoothteethmousemiceman / womanmen / women
9Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 7. A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.SingularPluralsheepChinesemoosegrapefruitdeersalmon
10Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 8. A few nouns have only plural forms.Pluralscissorsjeanssavingsdues
11Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 9. A few nouns that end with s look plural but are considered singular.Singularmeaslesnewseconomicsdues
12Generalizations for forming plural nouns: Compound NounsFor most compound nouns, make the most important word plural.For a compound noun written as one word, make the last part plural.For a compound noun written with hyphens or as separate words, make the key word plural.
13Generalizations for forming plural nouns: SingularPluralbillboardbillboardscupfulcupfulscampgroundcampgroundsmaid of honormaids of honorattorney-at-lawattorneys-at-lawstep-brotherstep-brothersGreat-grandmaGreat-grandmasOne word compound nounsSeparate wordsHyphenated compound nouns
14Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 11. Letters, numbers, symbols, and words used as words are made plural by adding an apostrophe (‘) and s.SingularPlural##’sAA’s2525’sandand’s&&’sABC & 123ABC’s & 123’s
15Using a Dictionary:Nouns that are made plural in other ways besides just adding -s or -es can be looked up in a dictionary to check the correct spelling.Sample Dictionary entries:dic-tion-ar-y (dik’ she ner’ e), n., pl. –aries, a book containing words of a language, usually arranged alphabetically, with their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, etc.en-try (en’ tre), n., pl. -tries entrance. 2. the act of recording something in a book, register, etc the item so recorded a person or thing entered in a contest a word, phrase, etc. listed alphabetically in a dictionary or reference book, usually with its definition or explanation.
16Multiple Choice Which 2 words correctly complete these sentences? We bought a pair of _____ and some _____ at the yard sale.A. ski dishesB. skis dishsC. skies dishD. skis dishes
27CORRECT!Near the campsite they saw two _deer_ and several _moose_.
28Newspaper Nouns Use a newspaper or magazine article for this activity: In the article, find at least 25 singular nouns. Circle them with a colored pencil.On your own paper, make a T-chart. . . on the left side write “Singular” and write “Plural” on the right side of the T-chart.List the singular nouns you found in the article on the left side of the T-chart, then write the correct plural form of each on the right side.
29Scoring Guide: You should find at least 25 singular nouns. Each of the plural nouns formed correctly from these 25 singular nouns is worth 4 points, for a total of 100.Opportunity for BONUS points:For every 5 additional singular nouns you identify, list, and form the plural of correctly, you can earn one bonus point.—up to a maximum of 5 bonus points (i.e. it takes 25 additional singular nouns correctly made plural to earn all 5 bonus points—but you can do it!!!)
304 points each = total points 100 Scoring Guide:4 points each = total points 100100% = 25 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly.96% = 24 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly.92% = 23 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly.Etc.Grading: A = %, B = 80-89%,C = 70-79%, D = 60-69%,F = Below 60%