Presentation on theme: "Singular and Plural Nouns Notes On Generalizations For Spelling/Forming Plural Nouns."— Presentation transcript:
Singular and Plural Nouns Notes On Generalizations For Spelling/Forming Plural Nouns.
Singular vs. Plural A singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea. One cat, one store, one item A plural noun names two or more persons, places, things, or ideas. Two cats, four stores, fifteen items
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 1.For most singular nouns, add s. SingularPlural teacherteachers streetstreets pencilpencils bookbooks elephantelephants
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 2. For nouns ending with s, x, z, sh, or ch, add es. SingularPlural gasgases waxwaxes waltzwaltzes dishdishes churchchurches
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 3. For nouns ending with a consonant and y, change the y to i and add es. For nouns ending with a vowel and y, add s. SingularPlural skyskyskies armyarmies pennypennies boyboyboys alleyalleys
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 4.For some nouns ending with f or fe, add s. For others, change the f to v and add s or es. (You will need to memorize the spellings for such words or look them up in a dictionary to check. SingularPlural beliefbeliefs roofroofs loafloaves lifelives knifeknives
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: These are a little more tricky... 5. For nouns that end with o, add s or es. (Again, you would need to memorize the spellings of such words or look them up in a dictionary to double-check.) —One trick to remember: if it has to do with sound (“music”), just add s.—Ex: cello. piano, radio SingularPlural cellocellos pianopianos radioradios zoozoos potato / tomatopotatoes / tomatoes
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: SingularPlural childchildren footfeet toothteeth mousemice man / womanmen / women 6. Some nouns have irregular plural forms. You will have to memorize the spelling for irregular plurals.
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: SingularPlural sheep Chinese moose grapefruit deer salmon 7. A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 8. A few nouns have only plural forms. Plural scissors jeans savings dues
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 9. A few nouns that end with s look plural but are considered singular. Singular measles news economics dues
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: Compound Nouns 10.For most compound nouns, make the most important word plural. For a compound noun written as one word, make the last part plural. For a compound noun written with hyphens or as separate words, make the key word plural.
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: SingularPlural billboardbillboards cupfulcupfuls campgroundcampgrounds maid of honormaids of honor attorney-at-lawattorneys-at-law step-brotherstep-brothers Great-grandmaGreat-grandmas One word compound nouns Hyphenated compound nouns Separate words
Generalizations for forming plural nouns: 11. Letters, numbers, symbols, and words used as words are made plural by adding an apostrophe (‘) and s. SingularPlural ##’s AA’s 2525’s andand’s &&’s ABC & 123ABC’s & 123’s
Using a Dictionary: Nouns that are made plural in other ways besides just adding -s or -es can be looked up in a dictionary to check the correct spelling. Sample Dictionary entries: dic-tion-ar-y (dik’ she ner’ e), n., pl. –aries, a book containing words of a language, usually arranged alphabetically, with their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, etc. en-try (en’ tre), n., pl. -tries. 1. entrance. 2. the act of recording something in a book, register, etc. 3. the item so recorded. 4. a person or thing entered in a contest. 5. a word, phrase, etc. listed alphabetically in a dictionary or reference book, usually with its definition or explanation.
Multiple Choice Which 2 words correctly complete these sentences? We bought a pair of _____ and some _____ at the yard sale. A. A. ski... dishes B. B. skis... dishs C. C. skies... dish D. D. skis... dishes
CORRECT! Near the campsite they saw two _deer_ and several _moose_.
Newspaper Nouns Use a newspaper or magazine article for this activity: In the article, find at least 25 singular nouns. Circle them with a colored pencil. On your own paper, make a T-chart... on the left side write “Singular” and write “Plural” on the right side of the T-chart. List the singular nouns you found in the article on the left side of the T-chart, then write the correct plural form of each on the right side.
Scoring Guide: You should find at least 25 singular nouns. Each of the plural nouns formed correctly from these 25 singular nouns is worth 4 points, for a total of 100. Opportunity for BONUS points: For every 5 additional singular nouns you identify, list, and form the plural of correctly, you can earn one bonus point.—up to a maximum of 5 bonus points (i.e. it takes 25 additional singular nouns correctly made plural to earn all 5 bonus points—but you can do it!!!)
Scoring Guide: 100% = 25 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly. 96% = 24 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly. 92% = 23 singular nouns identified and listed with plural form spelled correctly. Etc. Grading: A = 90-100%, B = 80-89%, C = 70-79%, D = 60-69%, F = Below 60% 4 points each = total points 100