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**Gedanken Physics To those who wonder WHY ?**

Diagrams and inspiration from ‘Thinking Physics’ by Lewis Carroll Epstein

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Exercise the dog Dr Pisani exercises his dog on a 15 minute walk by throwing a stick that the dog chases and retrieves. To keep the dog running for the longest time as Dr Pisani walks which way should he throw the stick ? a) In front of him b) Ti the back c)Sideways d) In any direction d) Time is the important bit make sure you answer the question asked

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**Rolling Balls As a ball rolls down a hill :**

Its speed increases and acceleration decreases Its speed decreases and acceleration increases Both increase Both remain constant Its speed increases and acceleration remains constant

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**Rolling Balls As a ball rolls down a hill :**

a) Its speed increases and acceleration decreases b) Its speed decreases and acceleration increases c) Both increase d) Both remain constant e) Both decrease a) Component of Fg decreases as slope decreases

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**Acceleration at the top**

A stone is thrown straight up. At the top of its path its velocity is momentarily zero. What is its acceleration at this point ? Zero 9.8ms-2 -9.8ms-2 Between 0 and 9.8 ms-2 c)

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KINK Water is shooting out of the tube. The end of the pipe is bent into a figure 6. ( ignore gravitational effects ) The water shoots out in a curved arc The water shoots out in a straight line

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Elephant and Feather An elephant and a feather fall out of a tree. Which encounters the greatest force of air friction in falling to the ground ? The elephant The feather Both the same

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Strong Man The strong man is pulling the spring apart. Is there a net force on the spring ? Certainly No No Force, forces cause accelerations. There is a TENSION though which results from forces acting in different directions

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**Tension 1kg What happens ? 1kg 1kg 9.8 N**

Block a accelerates at 4.9 m s-2 and block b accelerates at 9.8 m s-2

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Horse and Buggy a) The horse can’t pull the buggy because the horse pulls on the buggy and the buggy pulls on the horse with the same size of force b) The horse pulls harder on the buggy than the buggy pulls on the horse c) The horse pulls before the buggy has time to pull on the horse d) Both buggy and horse pull with the same size of force but the horse is joined to the earth by flat hoofs whilst the buggy is free to roll on wheels

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**Horse and Buggy Acceleration depends on the ratio Force / mass.**

Who has the most mass ? The horse has joined itself to the earth. The buggy therefore pulls on the horse and earth. The buggy is free to move. The buggy goes forward and the earth and horse go backward. The buggy goes forward 1 m then earth and the horse go backward c.a. 1x10-22 m.

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Energy A 1kg brick is lifted to a given height and the dropped to the ground. An identical brick is then lifted twice as high as the first brick and then dropped to the ground. When the second brick hits the ground it has Half as much kinetic energy as the first The same kinetic energy as the first Twice as much kinetic energy as the first 4 times as much kinetic energy as the first

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More Bricks Brick a is twice the mass of brick b, Both are released from the same height and hit the ground together. Explain which brick has the most kinetic energy

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Furniture removals The drums have a mass of 100 kg. How much force is applied to move the drums up the slope ? 1960N 980N 490N 98N Can’t say 3m 6m c) 490 N How much energy do the drums gain ?

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Speed An initially stationary rock falls vertically for one second, what is its average speed during that second ? a) 0 m/s b) 1 m/s c) 9.8 m/s d) 4.9 m/s

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Rocks again If the rock now falls for 2 s what would be its average speed during the seconds ? 9.8 m s-1 Sketch a speed time graph of the motion and calculate the distance travelled. 19.6 m

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The carpenter The carpenter drops the hammer and in the first second it drops one storey. In more second it will be : Two stories from the top 3 stories from the top 4 stories from the top 16 stories from the top c) Sketch a graph

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Splat A bottle dropped from a balcony hits the ground at x ms-1. To double the speed explain how high the balcony should be . 4 times as high

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Stopping A car is going at 10km / h. It comes to rest in 3m when the driver brakes. How far would it come to rest in if the car now travels at 40 km / h ? 48 m

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**Hurricane The force exerted on a house by a 120mph hurricane wind is …**

Equally Twice Thrice Four times as strong as the force exerted on the same house by a 60mph gale d) Mass of air doubles and speed doubles

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Smush A 1 kg mass travelling at 1 ms-1 smashes into a stationary 1kg mass. They stick together . What proportion of the original kinetic energy is turned into heat energy ? 0% 25 % 50 % 75% 100 % c)

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Tackle Mighty Mike, 100kg, is running at 2 ms-1. Speedy Gonzales, 50 kg , is running at 4 ms-1, Pondorous Poncho , 200 kg , is running at 1 ms-1. Who is more likely to stop Mike in a tackle ? Who is more likely to break Mike’s bones ? Both stop him but who has most Ek ?

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