2PAYROLL REGISTER Salary Expense Debited Liabilities Credited Cash page 369Salary ExpenseDebitedLiabilitiesCreditedCashCreditedUntil payroll is recorded in the journal and then posted to the ledger accounts, the accounts are not up to date.
3ANALYZING PAYMENT OF A PAYROLL page 370DeductionsTotal EarningsNet Pay
4JOURNALIZING PAYMENT OF A PAYROLL page 371December 15. Paid cash for payroll, $4, Check No. 335.
5Audit Your Understanding What account title is used journalize the total earnings column of the payroll register?Salary ExpenseWhat account title is used to journalize the federal income tax column of the payroll register?Employee Income Tax Payable
6Audit Your Understanding What account title is used to journalize a Social Security tax column in the payroll register?Social Security Tax Payable
813-2 New VocabularyFederal Unemployment Tax: A federal tax used for state and federal administrative expenses of the unemployment programState Unemployment Tax: A state tax used to pay benefits to unemployed workers
9UNEMPLOYMENT TAXABLE EARNINGS page 374First:Determine if the tax base has been met.2131. Enter accumulated earnings and total earnings for each employee.2. Enter any unemployment taxable earnings.3. Total the Unemployment Taxable Earnings column.
11JOURNALIZING EMPLOYER PAYROLL TAXES page 376(continued on next slide)December 15. Recorded employer payroll taxes expense, $485.92, for the semimonthly pay period ended December 15. Taxes owed are: social security tax, $354.11; Medicare tax, $82.83; federal unemployment tax, $6.32; state employment tax, $ Memorandum No. 63.
12JOURNALIZING EMPLOYER PAYROLL TAXES page 376(continued from previous slide)
13Audit Your Understanding What is the tax rate Hobby Shack must pay on employees for each of the following taxes: Social Security, Medicare, federal unemployment, and state unemployment?Social Security: 6.2% of earnings up to a maximum of $87,000 in each calendar year;Medicare: 1.45% of total employee earnings;Federal unemployment: 0.8% on the first $7,000 earned by each employee;State unemployment: 5.4% on the first $7,000 earned by each employee
14Audit Your Understanding What is the amount of each employee’s total earnings that are subject to federal and state unemployment taxes at Hobby Shack?Only the first $7,000 each employee earns
1613-3 EMPLOYER ANNUAL REPORT TO EMPLOYEES OF TAXES WITHHELD page 378
17EMPLOYER’S QUARTERLY FEDERAL TAX RETURN page 379(continued on next slide)121. Heading2. Number of employees
18EMPLOYER’S QUARTERLY FEDERAL TAX RETURN page 379(continued on next slide)345673. Total quarterly earnings6. Social security plus Medicare taxes4. Income tax withheld5. Employee and employer social security and Medicare taxes7. Total taxes
19EMPLOYER’S QUARTERLY FEDERAL TAX RETURN page 379(continued from previous slide)988. Total taxes for each month9. Total taxes
20EMPLOYER ANNUAL REPORTING OF PAYROLL TAXES page 381
21Audit Your Understanding When must employers provide a W–2 statement to their employees?By January 31What taxes are included in the quarterly federal tax return filed by the employer?Federal income tax, Social Security tax, and Medicare tax
26JOURNALIZING PAYMENT OF LIABILITY FOR EMPLOYEE INCOME TAX, SOCIAL SECURITY TAX, AND MEDICARE TAX page 385January 15. Paid cash for liability for employee income tax, $757.00; social security tax, $1,451.38; and Medicare tax, $339.42; total, $2, Check No. 347.
27PAYING THE LIABILITY FOR FEDERAL UNEMPLOYMENT TAX page 386
28JOURNALIZING PAYMENT OF LIABILITY FOR FEDERAL UNEMPLOYMENT TAX page 387January 31. Paid cash for federal unemployment tax liability for quarter ended December 31, $ Check No. 367.12345
29JOURNALIZING PAYMENT OF LIABILITY FOR STATE UNEMPLOYMENT TAX page 387January 31. Paid cash for state unemployment tax liability for quarter ended December 31, $ Check No. 368.
31IQ Test (for Professionals) How do you put a giraffe into a refrigerator?Open the refrigerator door, put the giraffe in, and close the door.This question tests whether or not you do simple things in a complicated way.
32IQ Test How do you put an elephant into a refrigerator? Open the refrigerator door, take the giraffe out, put the elephant in, and close the door.This question tests your prudence and practicality.
33IQ TestThe Lion King is hosting an animal conference. All animals except one attend. Which one does not attend?The elephant. The elephant is still in the refrigerator.This question tests whether or not you have comprehensive thinking skills.
34IQ TestIf you did not answer the first three questions correctly, this next question is your last chance to show your qualifications as a professional.
35IQ TestThere is a river inhabited by crocodiles. How do you manage to get to the other side?Swim through it. All of the animals, including the crocodiles, are attending the animal conference. (Except for the elephant, of course.)
36IQ TestDon’t be frustrated if you failed this test. According to Anderson Consulting Worldwide, about 90% of the professionals failed the test.However, many preschoolers got it correct, thus disproving the popular theory that most “professionals” have the brains of a four-year old.