3To understand a world biome, you need to know: What the climate of the region is like including temperature & precipitation patterns.Where each biome is found and what its geography is like.The types of plants found in the biome.The types of animals found in the biome.
9Taiga Coniferous trees (cones & needles), firs, spruce, hemlock Very cold, lots of snow. Summers are rainy and warm enough to melt the snow.Temps range from 11 °F in winter to 75 °F in summerSeed eating animals – squirrels, insects, birds (finches & chickadees)Herbivores – hares, moose, beaversCarnivores – wolves, bears, lynxes
12Desert Temp 68 to 120 ° F Less than 25 centimeters of rain per year very little rainfall and/or concentrated rainfall in short periods between long rainless periodsPlants include: Cactus, Prickly Pears, and Brittle BushAnimals include: insects, arachnids, reptiles, and birds, and Horned Vipers
15Savannatropical grasslands found in a wide band on either side of the equator on the edges of tropical rainforestsa very long dry season (winter), and a very wet season (summer)68° to 86° F120 centimeters of rain each yearHerbivores - Elephant, bison, antelopes, zebras, rhinoceros, giraffes, kangaroos.Plants include shrubs and small trees, grasses
18Tropical rainforest325 to 1650 centimeters (50 – 260 inches) of rain per yearrarely gets higher than 93 °F or drops below 68 °FAlmost all rain forests lie near the equatorBengal Bamboo, Bougainvillea, Curare, Coconut Tree, Durian, JambuAfrica Forest Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Chimpanzee, Common Palm Civet or Musang, Dawn Bat, Golden Lion Tamarin, Harpy Eaglethat more than half of all the world's plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earth's oxygen
21Temperate forestLocated in the northwestern coast of the United StatesReceives more than 300 centimeters of rain a yearHuge trees including cedars, redwoods, and Douglas firsAnimals include mule deer, bald eagle, fox, black bearModerate temperatures – average 75 °F (24 °C)
24mountains Found all around the world Altitude of about 10,000 feet or moreSeries of biomes as you go up. Base = grasslands Midway = forest Top = TundraSummer temperature range between 10 °F to 50 °FPlants include: grasses, dwarf trees, small-leafed shrubsAnimals include: mountain goats, sheep, elk, beetles, grasshoppers
27Grasslands Winter low as -40° F, summer high 70° F two seasons: growing season and dormant season25 to 75 centimeters of rain each yearBuffalo Grass, Sunflower, Crazy Weed, Asters, Blazing Stars, ConeflowersCoyotes, Eagles, Bobcats, the Gray Wolf, Wild Turkey, Fly Catcher, Canadian Geese, Crickets
28Aquatic Biomes of Earth Unit 1 S7L4.e.EQ: What are the 3 major aquatic biomes on the Earth?
30Freshwater Streams & Rivers: Ponds & Lakes: Streams - Animals are adapted to strong currents (insects & small animals have hooks or suckers to cling to rocks). Trout live here but few plants & algae so leaves and seeds provide food.Rivers – Cloudy with soil, Plants take root, frogs, fish.Ponds & Lakes:Standing or still fresh water. Lakes are larger & deeper than ponds.Ponds – plants can grow, catfishLakes – plants & algae float, dragonflies, turtles, snails, frogs, fish
35marine Intertidal Zone - Neritic Zone - Open Ocean All marine ecosystems are based on saltwaterIntertidal Zone: shoreline, animals (barnacles, sea stars, clams, & crabs)Neritic Zone: photosynthesis can occur. Rich in living things, large schools of fish (sardines), algae, coral reefsOceanic Zone: surface zone w/algae & Deep zone w/giant squidsBenthic Zone: ocean floor, organisms include bacteria, works, sea urchins