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Four Years of Fighting (Part 2) I. War in the West 1. Goals 1. Goals a. Control the Mississippi River a. Control the Mississippi River b. Control New Orleans.

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Presentation on theme: "Four Years of Fighting (Part 2) I. War in the West 1. Goals 1. Goals a. Control the Mississippi River a. Control the Mississippi River b. Control New Orleans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Four Years of Fighting (Part 2) I. War in the West 1. Goals 1. Goals a. Control the Mississippi River a. Control the Mississippi River b. Control New Orleans b. Control New Orleans c. Cut the South in half c. Cut the South in half

2 I. War in the West continued… 2. Battles in the “West” a. Shiloh (Tennessee) a. Shiloh (Tennessee) -Union victory -Union victory b. New Orleans b. New Orleans -Admiral David Farragut -Admiral David Farragut -Union victory -Union victory c. Vicksburg Mississippi c. Vicksburg Mississippi -Union victory -Union victory -Union Controlled Mississippi R. -Union Controlled Mississippi R. -Union cut South in half -Union cut South in half -U.S. Grant -U.S. Grant -Chattanooga -Chattanooga -U.S. Grant victory -U.S. Grant victory

3 II. The War at Sea 1. Goal a. Blockade a. Blockade -cut Confederate trade -cut Confederate trade -Atlantic -Atlantic -Gulf of Mexico -Gulf of Mexico -decline in cotton export -decline in cotton export -no foreign war supplies -no foreign war supplies b. New age of Naval warfare b. New age of Naval warfare -steel warships -steel warships -Virginia (S) vs. Monitor (N) -Virginia (S) vs. Monitor (N)

4 III. Union Victory 1. Union missions accomplished: a. Controlled Mississippi a. Controlled Mississippi b. Successful blockade b. Successful blockade 2. Final Goal: a. Split the south in half a. Split the south in half -General Sherman -General Sherman -”March to the Sea” -”March to the Sea” -Tennessee to Georgia -Tennessee to Georgia -Destroy everything along the way -Destroy everything along the way -General Grant -General Grant -”Wilderness Campaign” -”Wilderness Campaign” -March to Richmond VA -March to Richmond VA b. Confederate Surrender b. Confederate Surrender -General Lee to General Grant -General Lee to General Grant -Appomattox Courthouse -Appomattox Courthouse

5 Questions 1. What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Union in the Civil War? 2. What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Confederacy in the Civil War? War? 3. Why was the Civil War so long and so costly? 4. What strategies were incorporated to enable the Union to win the war?


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