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Psychological Disorders What’s Abnormal? Anxious ? You’re going to pieces. Ups and Downs Confused? DSMmmmBuss.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychological Disorders What’s Abnormal? Anxious ? You’re going to pieces. Ups and Downs Confused? DSMmmmBuss."— Presentation transcript:


2 Psychological Disorders What’s Abnormal? Anxious ? You’re going to pieces. Ups and Downs Confused? DSMmmmBuss

3 100 200 300 400 500 What’s Abnormal?

4 100 200 300 400 500 Anxious?

5 100 200 300 400 500 You’re going all to pieces.

6 100 200 300 400 500 Ups and Downs

7 100 200 300 400 500 Confused?

8 1. A person may have a strong fear of spiders, but it is not considered a disorder unless it is: A) based in reality. B) the result of a traumatic experience. C) a harmless spider. D) dysfunctional. E) deviant 642

9 2. The DSM-IV has two main goals: A) to describe disorders and list their prevalence. B) to describe disorders and explain their causes. C) to provide an understanding of the underlying causes and treatment of disorders. D) to list disorders and reference their treatments. E) to classify all medical and psychological disorders 644

10 3. If a person is diagnosed with Mental Retardation, this would be listed on the DSM-IV: A) on Axis I. B) on Axis II. C) on Axis III. D) on Axis IV. E) on Axis V. 645

11 4. The recent influence of Martin Seligman has resulted in a manual which differed from the DSM-IV, in that: A) it is more scientific. B) it has more recent norms. C) its focus is on strengths. D) it includes treatment plans. E) it shuns labels. 646

12 5.James has the medical condition of hypertension. This would be found on the DSM-IV on: A) Axis I. B) Axis III. C) Axis IV. D) Axis V. E) Nowhere, this is not a mental disorder. 645

13 6. Helen suddenly has shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, chest pains and choking. She goes to the emergency room and is told she is not having a heart attack, she is experiencing: A) generalized anxiety. B) a phobia. C) agoraphobia. D) a panic attack. E) delusional episode. 650

14 7. Social phobia, an intense fear of being scrutinized by others, is ____ taken to an extreme. A) nervous behavior B) shyness C) introversion D) extroversion E) socializing 651

15 8. Hand washing several times until the skin bleeds may be an example of a(n): A) compulsion. B) obsession. C) phobia. D) panic attack. E) general anxiety. 651

16 9. It is suggested that it is the _______ that abused children experience that makes them more vulnerable to the effects of trauma when adults. A) abusive trauma B) mental anguish C) learned helplessness D) repressed anxiety E) forced delusional thinking. 652

17 10. Fear-learning experiences can traumatize the brain, by creating fear circuits within: A) the left parietal lobe. B) the prefrontal cortex. C) the occipital lobes. D) the amygdala. E) the medulla oblongata. 655

18 11. If Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was a real case, he would most likely be currently diagnosed with: A) multiple personality disorder. B) paranoid schizophrenia. C) dissociative identity disorder. D) borderline personality disorder. E) manic depressive disorder. 656

19 12. Showing little or no remorse, the person with ____ personality disorder will frequently lie, cheat or steal without thinking of the consequences to him/herself or to others. A) antisocial B) sociopathic C) criminal D) delinquent E) conduct 677

20 13. Those with antisocial personality disorder show decreased functioning in the ___ of the brain. A) corpus callosum B) frontal lobes C) amygdala D) thalamus E) pineal gland. 678

21 14. The person diagnosed with ____ experiences a heightened sensitivity to rejection, resulting in withdrawing from others. A) antisocial personality disorder B) multiple personality disorder C) narcissistic personality disorder D) avoidant personality disorder E) obsessive compulsive personality disorder 677

22 15. An individual with this is unaware of or confused about his identity, and in some cases will assume a new identity A) hypochondriasis B) conversion disorder C) dissociative identity disorder D) dissociative fugue E) psychogenic amnesia 656

23 16. Mood disorders are characterized by the emotional extremes of: A) depression and anxiety. B) hopelessness and despair. C) mania and depression. D) bipolar and unipolar. E) mania and anxiety 658

24 17. In any given year, a depressive episode plagues ___ of men and ___ of women across the world (yeah, I know it’s a horrible question, you shouldn’t of picked it. A) 5.8 %; 9.5% B) 6.4%; 11.5% C) 10.3%; 20.2% D) 15.6%; 25.3% 661

25 18. Jim asks, “What’s wrong with mania? If it is the opposite of depression, that sounds great.” You tell Jim a major problem is: A) they just want more and more excitement. B) grandiosity removes all limits on thoughts and behavior. C) they ignore pain and just feel great. D) they are too happy to deal with the real world. 660

26 19. Those who have been through one episode of Major Depression: A) are unlikely to have another occurrence in at least 5 years. B) have a 50% chance of having another episode. C) never get better without treatment. D) usually commit suicide within the next year. 661

27 20. Drugs such as Prozac often help with a depressed mood because it: A) adds more serotonin. B) increases serotonin and norepinephrine. C) blocks the reuptake of serotonin. D) decreases norepinephrine and increases serotonin. 664

28 21. A false belief that is strongly held in spite of contradictory evidence is: A) a leap of faith. B) a hallucination. C) disorganized thinking. D) a delusion. E) disorganized speech 669

29 22. The most common type of false perceptions in schizophrenia are: A) delusions of grandeur. B) visual hallucinations. C) auditory hallucinations. D) disorganized thinking. E) delusions of persecution 670

30 23. Lack of emotional expression shown in schizophrenia is called: A) alogia. B) avolition. C) flat affect. D) delusions. E) hallucinations. 670

31 24: Which of the following would be an example of a negative symptom? A) hallucinations B) expressionless tone of voice C) inappropriate laughter D) delusional thinking E) disorganized speech 671

32 25. Robert has an identical twin who was just diagnosed with schizophrenia. Robert has about a ____ % chance of developing schizophrenia. A) 100 B) 50 C) 75 D) 15 674

33 How many clinical syndromes on Axis I does the DSM IV define. A) 10 B) 12 C) 14 D) 16 E) 24

34 Answers 1.D 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.D 7.B 8.A 9.C 10.D 11.C 12.A 13.B 14.D 15.D 16.C 17.A 18.B 19.B 20.C 21.D 22.C 23.C 24.B 25.B

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