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KLARA Risk assessment When working with laboratory chemicals Ulrika Olsson.

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Presentation on theme: "KLARA Risk assessment When working with laboratory chemicals Ulrika Olsson."— Presentation transcript:

1 KLARA Risk assessment When working with laboratory chemicals Ulrika Olsson

2 Why do risk assessments? KLARA Risk assessment April 20132

3 Why do risk assessments? KLARA Risk assessment April SWEA develop regulations to follow - this to prevent us from damage and / or feel uncomfortable at work.

4 Why do risk assessments? KLARA Risk assessment April 20134

5 Why do risk assessments? KLARA Risk assessment April AFS 2011:19 Important!

6 When should I do a risk assessment? KLARA Risk assessment April An investigation and risk assessment should be done if there is a risk that chemical hazards can cause illness or injury. A chemical hazard is a substance, or a mix of chemicals, which can lead to illness or accidents by: - their hazardous properties, - its temperature, -by reducing the concentration of oxygen in the air or - increasing risk of fire, explosion or other dangerous reactions. The chemical hazards should be considered together with the risks of exposure. The assessment shall lead to decisions on what actions to take in order to limit the risks. According to AFS 2011:19

7 What should the risk assessment include? KLARA Risk assessment April Description of the method. Premises Substances/products Risky situations Exposure Personal protection Preventions Total risk Actions in case of accident or spill Name and signature

8 When should I make a NEW risk assessment? KLARA Risk assessment April Suggestions?

9 When should I make a NEW risk assessment? KLARA Risk assessment April For example: New method Changes in the method New premises New staff New classification Other newly discovered risks

10 KLARA Risk assessment April What is a “hazardous” chemical product? A product that, through its toxicological and / or physicochemical properties may lead to injury, illness or accident.  Toxic  Harmful  Corrosive  Allergy inducing  Irritative  CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic and reproduction toxicity)  Flammable  Explosive  Oxidizing  Hazardous to environment Definition: En produkt som klassificeras som farlig enligt KIFS 2005:7 eller CLP. Läs mer på:

11 Expempel on "hazardous chemicals" KLARA Risk assessment April Organic solvents Radioactive substances Cytostatic Gases

12 Danger - exposure - risk KLARA Risk assessment April Exposure: when an organism is exposed to a substance, phenomenon or infection. A dangerous chemicals do not have to pose a risk: inherent danger is constant, toxic effect depends on the dose. Proper handling and protection limit exposure and therefor the risk of injury.

13 How do you know if the product is dangerous? KLARA Risk assessment April KIFS 2005:7 (Old classification) Classification according to KIFS will run parallel to CLP until 2015.

14 How do you know if the product is dangerous? KLARA Risk assessment April CLP (new classification) Classification according to KIFS will run parallel to CLP until 2015.

15 Example of labelling - KIFS 2005:7 KLARA Risk assessment April Risk phrases (RXX) Hazard symbols Safety phrases (SXX)

16 Example of labelling – CLP KLARA Risk assessment April Hazard pictogram Signal word Hazard statement (HXXX) Precautionary statement (PXXX)

17 Where can I find information about the product? KLARA Risk assessment April Labeling of the product gives some information but to really learn about chemical hazards and how to protect yourself, you must read the safety data sheet (MSDS)! According to the law, all hazardous chemicals must be supplied with a MSDS. A MSDS always consist of 16 sections. Provides information about including substances, how to personal protection, first aid, handling of waste etc

18 Where can I find information about the product? KLARA Risk assessment April QuestionRead the following sections How dangerous is the chemical for humans and the environment? 2. Hazards identification (a short summary) 11. Toxicological information (health) 12. Ecological information (environment) 15. Regulatory information (classification/labelling) How do I protect myself and others? 8. Exposure controls / Personal protection 4. First aid measures What do I do if a fire starts where the chemical is or if I spill out the chemical? 5. Fire-fighting measures (eg. extinguishing media) 6. Accidental release measures How do I handle the product when it has turned into waste? 13. Disposal considerations (of the chemical and the packaging)

19 1. Who should make the risk assessment? 2. Who is responsible for the risk assessment to be made? KLARA Risk assessment April Suggestions?

20 Answer KLARA Risk assessment April The one that is working with the method/experiment 2.The boss!

21 Risk assessment tools KLARA Risk assessment April The risk assessment shall be written, printed, signed (by the manager) and stored in the lab.

22 Risk assessment tool - chemicals KLARA Risk assessment April

23 KLARA KLARA Risk assessment April

24 KLARA – content and usefulness KLARA Risk assessment April Product search Chemical register Inventory Risk assessment Instructions Save time and money Working environment Chemical safety Fire safety Licenses

25 How to find KLARA – exemple 1 KLARA Risk assessment April

26 How to find KLARA – exemple 2 KLARA Risk assessment April

27 How to find KLARA – exemple 2 KLARA Risk assessment April

28 KLARA start page KLARA Risk assessment April You need correct IP- number or being logged in. A personal KLARA login is provided from me or from your local KLARA administrator.

29 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Here you can change your password and make sure that personal settings are up to date. Choose Swedish or English. Chemical register and risk assessments.

30 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Here your enter the risk assessment tool and also find the risk assessments you have access to.

31 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Different colors = different status Started (red) Finished (yellow) Approved (green) Template (black) Choose language

32 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Here you find the risk assessment instruction. Click here to start a new risk assessment.

33 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April If you have a lot of risk assessments you can use this tool to find a specific assessment in your list.

34 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April If you have access to a suitable template you can choose to use that instead of a blank document. Templates can only be made by local administrators. Give your new risk assessment a name. Choose group/division/department. It is possible to be responsible for risk assessments in more than one group at the time.

35 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April My new risk assessment.

36 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April The risk assessment can be made in Swedish and English simultaneously, you just have to write in both text boxes. There is describing information available for each issue.

37 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April To very specific you can add premises by using the Real property register. In what room is this risk assessment valid for? One or more rooms can be specified, but also a general description might be okay (eg cold room, synthesis lab, gas storage, etc.). But be as specific as possible!

38 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Give a brief description about the activity and refer to method descriptions, manuals, instructions, etc. if necessary.

39 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Search, either in your own register or in the complete database, for products to add to your risk assessment (issue 3).

40 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Click on the product of choice and it will be added to your risk assessment (issue 3).

41 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April In case your “product not on the list”, do as follows (I´ll show you live!)… Important information to add for new products (be careful in order to avoid doublets): CAS Supplier Ordering number

42 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April When you add the product the classification is also added. For more information about the product (SDS, structure etc), click ”i”.

43 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April I leave the quantity “open” because my aim is to make a general risk assessment, which is defined in the comment box.

44 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Issue 4: Click “i” and use the information from the products classification (H- and R-codes) to make a assessment of the inherent risk (I´ll show you live!) Issue 5: The same thing here, you need to click “i” for guidance to make an assessment (I´ll show you live!).

45 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April For biological agents use the BARA template. Click“i” for details!

46 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April A substance may be harmless by it self, but harmful in combination, or in reaction, with other substances.

47 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April

48 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April It should be told in SDS if there are any specific rules or recommendations regarding storage

49 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Signs is an important way to inform colleagues and other personnel about risks in the premises.

50 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Try to provide concrete details about glows, respiratory protection (gas mask and filter), eye protection etc. Vacuum, heat sources, stirrer, shake HPLC, MS, NMR…

51 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Who has not thought about what can be disposed in the drain or not..? Therefor, find out once and for all and write it in the risk assessment. Information about the environmental impact can often be found in the SDS.

52 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April And who has not thought about what to do with its chemical hazardous waste..? Find out (SDS) and enter it in the risk assessment - and you have one less thing to worry about in the future.

53 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April If an accident occurs it is important that you are prepared how to act!

54 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April It is not only intrinsic properties of chemicals that can be dangerous, sometimes it is the work step that is most at risk (eg, vacuum)!

55 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April The final assessment is a risk vs. Impact, click the "i" (I show live!). Important!!

56 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April When you are satisfied and feel you are ready, click the “finished", then the status turn "yellow". Then you can still edit it. When you are completely finished, click “approved", which is possible only when you have completed with the “Person signing" - then it becomes "green" and can no longer be edited (but it's fine to go back to red / yellow). For the risk assessment to be valid, it must be printed, signed and kept in the premises...

57 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April Click "show" to see the the actual risk assessment and printable format! Remember to press “save” continuously during the process so that no work gets lost!

58 KLARA risk assessment KLARA Risk assessment April This is the one you have in your hands (in both English and Swedish)!

59 CMR classified chemical products KLARA Risk assessment April

60 Now I will show you how to get to the Laboratory Safety and Chemical Safety on the intranet! KLARA Risk assessment April

61 Authorities KLARA Risk assessment April

62 Questions? KLARA Risk assessment April


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